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STM32 USB-FS-Device development kit

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UM0424 User manual STM32 USB-FS-Device development kit Introduction The STM32 USB-FS-Device development kit is a complete firmware and software package including examples and demos for all USB transfer types (control, interrupt, bulk and isochronous). The aim of the STM32 USB-FS-Device development kit is to use the STM32 USB-FSDevice library with at least one firmware demo per USB transfer type. This document presents a description of all the components of the STM32 USB-FS-Device development kit, including: ■ STM32 USB-FS-Device library: All processes related to default endpoint and standard requests ■ Device firmware upgrade (DFU) demo: Control transfer ■ Joystick mouse demo: Interrupt transfer ■ Custom HID demo: Interrupt transfer ■ Mass storage demo: Bulk transfer ■ Virtual COM port: Interrupt and bulk transfer ■ CDC LoopBack demo: Interrupt and bulk transfer ■ Composite Example: Interrupt and bulk transfer ■ USB voice speaker demo (USB speaker): Isochronous transfer Table 1. Applicable products Type Microcontrollers Part numbers or product categories STM32F102xx and STM32F103xx series STM32 L1 Ultra Low Power STM32 F3 Series Note: Starting from this release, STM32F105/F107 are no longer supported. These devices are supported by the STM32 USB OTG Host and Device Library. For more details, please refer to user manual UM1021. December 2012 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 1/85 www.st.com Contents Contents UM0424 1 Related documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 2 STM32 microcontroller family overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.1 USB application hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.2 USB-FS_Device peripheral interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.2.1 usb_reg(.h, .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.2.2 usb_int (.h , .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.2.3 usb_mem (.h , .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.3 USB-FS-Device_Driver medium layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.3.1 usb_init(.h,.c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.3.2 usb_core (.h , .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 3.3.3 usb_sil(.h, .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.3.4 usb_type.h / usb_def.h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.3.5 platform_config.h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.4 Application interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3.4.1 usb_conf(.h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 3.4.2 usb_desc (.h, .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 3.4.3 usb_prop (.h , .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 3.4.4 usb_endp (.c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3.4.5 usb_istr(.c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.4.6 usb_pwr (.h , .c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.5 Implementing a USB-FS_Device application using the STM32 USB-FSDevice library 25 3.5.1 Implementing a no-data class-specific request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.5.2 How to implement a data class-specific request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.5.3 How to manage data transfers in non-control endpoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 4 Joystick mouse demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 4.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 4.2 STM32 low-power management in suspend mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 4.3 Remote wakeup implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Contents 5 Custom HID demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5.2 Descriptor topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 5.3 Custom HID implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 5.3.1 LED control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 5.3.2 Push-button state report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 5.3.3 ADC-converted data transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 6 Mass storage demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 6.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 6.2 Mass storage demo overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 6.3 Mass storage protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 6.3.1 Bulk-only transfer (BOT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 6.3.2 Small computer system interface (SCSI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 6.4 Mass storage demo implementations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 6.4.1 Hardware configuration interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 6.4.2 Endpoint configurations and data management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 6.4.3 Class-specific requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 6.4.4 Standard request requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 6.4.5 BOT state machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 6.4.6 SCSI protocol implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 6.4.7 Memory management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 6.4.8 Medium access management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 6.5 How to customize the mass storage demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 7 Virtual COM port demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 7.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 7.2 Virtual COM port demo proposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 7.3 Software driver installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 7.4 Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 7.4.1 Hardware implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 7.4.2 Firmware implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 8 VirtualComport_Loopback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 8.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 8.2 Demo overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 3/85 Contents UM0424 8.3 Transferring data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 8.3.1 Sending data from device to host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 8.3.2 Receiving data from host to device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 8.4 Running the demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 9 USB voice speaker demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 9.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 9.2 Isochronous transfer overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 9.3 Audio device class overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 9.4 STM32 USB audio speaker demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 9.4.1 General characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 9.4.2 Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 10 Device firmware upgrade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 10.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 10.2 DFU extension protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 10.2.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 10.2.2 Phases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 10.2.3 Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 10.3 DFU mode selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 10.3.1 Run-time descriptor set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 10.3.2 DFU mode descriptor set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 10.4 Reconfiguration phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 10.5 Transfer phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 10.5.1 Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 10.5.2 Special command/protocol descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 10.5.3 DFU state diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 10.5.4 Downloading and uploading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 10.5.5 Manifestation phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 10.6 STM32 DFU implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 10.6.1 Supported memories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 10.6.2 DFU mode entry mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 10.6.3 DFU firmware architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 10.6.4 Available DFU image for the STM32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 10.6.5 Creating a DFU image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 4/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Contents 11 Composite example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 11.1 General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 11.2 Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 11.3 USB device descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 11.4 Running the demo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 12 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 5/85 List of tables List of tables UM0424 Table 1. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. Table 5. Table 6. Table 8. Table 9. Table 10. Table 11. Table 12. Table 13. Table 14. Table 15. Table 16. Table 17. Table 18. Table 19. Table 20. Table 21. Table 22. Table 23. Table 24. Table 25. Table 26. Table 27. Table 28. Table 29. Table 30. Table 31. Table 32. Applicable products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Reference manual name related to each STM32 device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 User manual name related to each evaluation board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 USB-FS_Device peripheral interface modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Common register functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 USB-FS-Device_Driver medium layer modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Power management functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Eval board power consumption related jumpers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Key push button assignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Eval board memory support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 CBW packet fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 CSW packet fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Command block status values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 SCSI command set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Device descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Configuration descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Interface descriptors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Endpoint descriptors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 USART connector number for each evaluation board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Device descriptors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Configuration descriptors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Interface descriptors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Endpoint descriptors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Flash memory used by DFU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Summary of DFU class-specific requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 DFU mode device descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 DFU mode interface descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 DFU functional descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Summary of DFU upgrade/upload requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Special command descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 6/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 List of figures List of figures Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6. Figure 7. Figure 8. Figure 9. Figure 10. Figure 11. Figure 12. Figure 13. Figure 14. Figure 15. Figure 16. Figure 17. Figure 18. Figure 19. Figure 20. Figure 21. Figure 22. Figure 23. Figure 24. Figure 25. Figure 26. USB application hierarchy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 USB-FS-Device library package organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Format of the four data bytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Custom HID topology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Data OUT format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Data IN Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 New removable disk in Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 BOT state machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Hardware and firmware interaction diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Medium access layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 NAND write operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Virtual COM port demo as USB-to-USART bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Communication example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Device manager window. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 VirtualComport_Loopback application overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Window HyperTerminal message display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Isochronous OUT transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 STM32 USB-FS_Device audio speaker demo data flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Audio playback flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Hardware and firmware interaction diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Interface state transition diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 DFU firmware architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 USB composite device with two interface functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 HID MSC composite architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 USB device descriptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 STM32 device enumerated as composite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 7/85 Related documents 1 Related documents UM0424 For more information on using the microcontroller devices listed in Table 1: Applicable products, please refer to the reference manuals below: Table 2. Reference manual name related to each STM32 device Device name Reference manual STM32L151xx and STM32L152xx RM0038 STM32F102xx and STM32F103xx RM0008 STM32F302xx and STM32F303xx STM32F372xx and STM32F373xx RM0316 RM0313 The STM32 USB-FS-Device library is designed for use with the following evaluation boards: Table 3. User manual name related to each evaluation board Eval board name User manual Device name STM3210E-EVAL UM0488 STM32F103ZGT6 STM3210B-EVAL STM32L152-EVAL UM0426 UM1018 STM32F103VBT6 STM32L152VBT6 STM32L152D-EVAL UM1521 STM32L152ZDT6 STM32373C-EVAL UM1564 STM32F373VCT6 STM32303C-EVAL UM1567 STM32F303VCT6 8/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 microcontroller family overview 2 STM32 microcontroller family overview In this document, STM32 refers to the following devices: ● Low-density devices: STM32F101xx, STM32F102xx and STM32F103xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density ranges between 16 and 32 Kbytes. Medium-density devices: STM32F101xx, STM32F102xx and STM32F103xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density ranges between 64 and 128 Kbytes. ● High-density devices: STM32F101xx and STM32F103xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density ranges between 256 and 512 Kbytes. ● XL-density devices: STM32F101xx and STM32F103xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density ranges between 512 and 1024 Kbytes. ● Medium-density Low-Power devices: STM32L15xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density ranges between 64 and 128 Kbytes. ● Low Power Medium-density Plus devices:STM32L15xx and STM32L162xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density is 256 Kbytes. ● Low Power High-density devices: STM32L15xx and STM32L162xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density is 384 Kbytes. ● STM32F3 Series: – STM32F30xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density ranges between 128 and 256 Kbytes. – STM32F37xx microcontrollers where the Flash memory density ranges between 64 and 256 Kbytes. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 9/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library 3 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 This section describes the firmware interface (called USB-FS-Device Library) used to manage the STM32 USB 2.0 full-speed device peripheral. In the rest of the document, it will be referred to as USB-FS_Device peripheral . The main purpose of this firmware library is to provide resources to ease the development of applications for each USB transfer type using the USB-FS_Device peripheral in the STM32 microcontroller families. 3.1 USB application hierarchy Figure 1 shows the interaction between the different components of a typical USB application and the USB-FS-Device library. Figure 1. USB application hierarchy STM32_USB-FS-Device_Lib User Application usb_pwr usb_istr usb_conf usb_prop usb_desc usb_endp STM32xxxx_Std Periph_Driver & CMSIS Application Interface (can be modified by user) High Layer Medium Layer usb_core/usb_init usb_sil USB-FS peripheral interface usb_int usb_regs usb_mem STM32_USB-FSDevice_Driver (not modified by user) Low Layer USB-FS_Device peripheral Hardware (STM32 + Board) MSv31504V1 10/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library Note: As seen in Figure 1, the USB-FS-Device library is divided into two layers: – STM32_USB-FS_Device_Driver: this layer manages the direct communication with the USB-FS_Device peripheral and the USB standard protocol. The STM32_USBFS_Device_Driver is compliant with the USB 2.0 specification and is separate from the standard STM32 standard peripheral library – Application Interface layer: this layer provides the user with a complete interface between the library core and the final application. The USB-FS peripheral interface layer is loaded (through defines at compile time) and used as the peripheral interface layer. The application interface layer and the final application can communicate with the standard peripherals library to manage the hardware needs of the application. A detailed description of these layers with coding rules is provided in the next sections. Figure 2 shows the package organization of the USB-FS-Device library with all the demonstrations and subfolders. Figure 2. USB-FS-Device library package organization MSxxxxx Vy MSv31505V1 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 11/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 3.2 USB-FS_Device peripheral interface Table 4 presents the USB-FS_Device peripheral interface modules. l Table 4. USB-FS_Device peripheral interface modules File Description usb_reg (.h, .c) usb_int.c usb_mem(.h,.c) Hardware abstraction layer Correct transfer interrupt service routine Data transfer management (from/to packet memory area) 3.2.1 Note: usb_reg(.h, .c) The usb_regs module implements the hardware abstraction layer, it offers a set of basic functions for accessing the USB-FS_Device peripheral registers. The available functions have two call versions: ● As a macro: the call is: _NameofFunction(parameter1, ...) ● As a subroutine: the call is: NameofFunction(parameter1, ...) Common register functions The functions in Table 5 can be used to set or get the various common USB-FS_Device peripheral registers. Table 5. Common register functions Register Function CNTR ISTR FNR DADDR BTABLE void SetCNTR (uint16_t wValue) uint16_t GetCNTR (void) void SetISTR (uint16_t wValue) uint16_t GetISTR (void) uint16_t GetFNR (void) void SetDADDR (uint16_t wValue) uint16_t GetDADDR (void) void SetBTABLE (uint16_t wValue) uint16_t GetBTABLE (void) 12/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library Endpoint register functions All operations with endpoint registers can be obtained with the SetENDPOINT and GetENDPOINT functions. However, many functions are derived from these to offer the advantage of a direct action on a specific field. a) Endpoint set/get value SetENDPOINT : void SetENDPOINT(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wRegValue) bEpNum = Endpoint number, wRegValue = Value to write GetENDPOINT : uint16_t GetENDPOINT(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = Endpoint number return value: the endpoint register value b) Endpoint TYPE field The EP_TYPE field of the endpoint register can assume the defined values below: #define EP_BULK (0x0000) // Endpoint BULK #define EP_CONTROL (0x0200) // Endpoint CONTROL #define EP_ISOCHRNOUS (0x0400) // Endpoint ISOCHRONOUS #define EP_INTERRUPT (0x0600) // Endpoint INTERRUPT SetEPType : void SetEPType (uint8_t bEpNum, uint16_t wtype) bEpNum = Endpoint number, wtype = Endpoint type (value from the above define’s) GetEPType : uint16_t GetEPType (uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = Endpoint number return value: a value from the above define’s c) Endpoint STATUS field The STAT_TX / STAT_RX fields of the endpoint register can assume the defined values below: #define EP_TX_DIS (0x0000) // Endpoint TX DISabled #define EP_TX_STALL (0x0010) // Endpoint TX STALLed #define EP_TX_NAK (0x0020) // Endpoint TX NAKed #define EP_TX_VALID (0x0030) // Endpoint TX VALID #define EP_RX_DIS (0x0000) // Endpoint RX DISabled #define EP_RX_STALL (0x1000) // Endpoint RX STALLed #define EP_RX_NAK (0x2000) // Endpoint RX NAKed #define EP_RX_VALID (0x3000) // Endpoint RX VALID SetEPTxStatus : void SetEPTxStatus(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wState) SetEPRxStatus : void SetEPRxStatus(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wState) bEpNum = Endpoint number, wState = a value from the above define’s GetEPTxStatus : uint16_t GetEPTxStatus(uint8_t bEpNum) GetEPRxStatus : uint16_t GetEPRxStatus(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = endpoint number return value:a value from the above define’s Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 13/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 d) Endpoint KIND field SetEP_KIND : void SetEP_KIND(uint8_t bEpNum) ClearEP_KIND : void ClearEP_KIND(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = endpoint number Set_Status_Out : void Set_Status_Out(uint8_t bEpNum) Clear_Status_Out : void Clear_Status_Out(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = endpoint number SetEPDoubleBuff : void SetEPDoubleBuff(uint8_t bEpNum) ClearEPDoubleBuff : void ClearEPDoubleBuff(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = endpoint number Correct Transfer Rx/Tx fields ClearEP_CTR_RX : void ClearEP_CTR_RX(uint8_t bEpNum) ClearEP_CTR_TX : void ClearEP_CTR_TX(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = endpoint number e) Data Toggle Rx/Tx fields ToggleDTOG_RX : void ToggleDTOG_RX(uint8_t bEpNum) ToggleDTOG_TX : void ToggleDTOG_TX(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = endpoint number f) Address field SetEPAdress : void SetEPAddress(uint8_t bEpNum,uint8_t bAddr) bEpNum = endpoint number bAddr = address to be set GetEPAdress : uint8_t GetEPAddress(uint8_t bEpNum) bEpNum = endpoint number 14/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library Buffer description table functions These functions are used in order to set or get the endpoints’ receive and transmit buffer addresses and sizes. a) Tx/Rx buffer address fields SetEPTxAddr : void SetEPTxAddr(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wAddr); SetEPRxAddr : void SetEPRxAddr(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wAddr); bEpNum = endpoint number wAddr = address to be set (expressed as PMA buffer address) GetEPTxAddr : uint16_t GetEPTxAddr(uint8_t bEpNum); GetEPRxAddr : uint16_t GetEPRxAddr(uint8_t bEpNum); bEpNum = endpoint number return value : address value (expressed as PMA buffer address) b) Tx/Rx buffer counter fields SetEPTxCount : void SetEPTxCount(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wCount); SetEPRxCount : void SetEPRxCount(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wCount); bEpNum = endpoint number wCount = counter to be set GetEPTxCount : uint16_t GetEPTxCount(uint8_t bEpNum); GetEPRxCount : uint16_t GetEPRxCount(uint8_t bEpNum); bEpNum = endpoint number return value : counter value Double-buffered endpoints functions To obtain high data-transfer throughput in bulk or isochronous modes, double-buffered mode has to be programmed. In this operating mode some fields of the endpoint registers and buffer description table cells have different meanings. To ease the use of this feature several functions have been developed. ● SetEPDoubleBuff: An endpoint programmed to work in bulk mode can be set as double-buffered by setting the EP-KIND bit. The function SetEPDoubleBuff() accomplishes this task: SetEPDoubleBuff : void SetEPDoubleBuff(uint8_t bEpNum); bEpNum = endpoint number ● FreeUserBuffer: In double-buffered mode, the endpoints become mono-directional and buffer description table cells of the unused direction are applied to handle a second buffer. Addresses and counters must be handled in a different way. Rx and Tx Addresses and counter cells become Buffer0 and Buffer1 cells. Functions dedicated to this operating mode are provided for in the library. During a bulk transfer the line fills one buffer while the other buffer is reserved to the application. A user application has to process data before the arrival of bulk needing a buffer. The buffer reserved to the application has to be freed in time. To free the buffer in use from the application, the FreeUserBuffer function is provided: FreeUserBuffer: void FreeUserBuffer(uint8_t bEpNum, uint8_t bDir); bEpNum = endpoint number Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 15/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 a) Double buffer addresses These functions set or get buffer address value in the buffer description table for double buffered mode. SetEPDblBuffAddr : void SetEPDblBuffAddr(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wBuf0Addr,uint16_t wBuf1Addr); SetEPDblbuf0Addr : void SetEPDblBuf0Addr(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wBuf0Addr); SetEPDblbuf1Addr : void SetEPDblBuf1Addr(uint8_t bEpNum,uint16_t wBuf1Addr); bEpNum = endpoint number wBuf0Addr, wBuf1Addr = buffer addresses (expressed as PMA buffer addresses) GetEPDblBuf0Addr : uint16_t GetEPDblBuf0Addr(uint8_t bEpNum); GetEPDblbuf1Addr : uint16_t GetEPDblBuf1Addr(uint8_t bEpNum); bEpNum = endpoint number return value : buffer addresses b) Double buffer counters These functions set or get buffer counter value in the buffer description table for double buffered mode. SetEPDblBuffCount: void SetEPDblBuffCount(uint8_t bEpNum, uint8_t bDir, uint16_t wCount); SetEPDblBuf0Count: void SetEPDblBuf0Count(uint8_t bEpNum, uint8_t bDir, uint16_t wCount); SetEPDblBuf1Count: void SetEPDblBuf1Count(uint8_t bEpNum, uint8_t bDir, uint16_t wCount); bEpNum = endpoint number bDir = endpoint direction wCount = buffer counter GetEPDblBuf0Count : uint16_t GetEPDblBuf0Count(uint8_t bEpNum); GetEPDblBuf1Count : uint16_t GetEPDblBuf1Count(uint8_t bEpNum); bEpNum = endpoint number return value : buffer counter c) Double buffer STATUS The simple and double buffer modes use the same functions to manage the Endpoint STATUS except for the STALL status for double buffer mode. This functionality is managed by the function: SetDouBleBuffEPStall: void SetDouBleBuffEPStall(uint8_t bEpNum,uint8_t bDir) bEpNum = endpoint number bDir = endpoint direction 16/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library 3.2.2 3.2.3 usb_int (.h , .c) The usb_int module handles the correct transfer interrupt service routines; it offers the link between the USB device protocol events and the library. The STM32 USB-FS_Device peripheral provides two transfer routines: ● Low-priority interrupt: managed by the function CTR_LP() and used for control, interrupt and bulk (in simple buffer mode). ● High-priority interrupt: managed by the function CTR_HP() and used for faster transfer mode like Isochronous and bulk (in double buffer mode). usb_mem (.h , .c) The usb_mem copies a buffer data from the user memory area to the packet memory area (PMA) and vice versa. It provides two different functions: ● void UserToPMABufferCopy(uint8_t *pbUsrBuf,uint16_t wPMABufAddr, uint16_t wNBytes); ● void PMAToUserBufferCopy(uint8_t *pbUsrBuf,uint16_t wPMABufAddr, uint16_t wNBytes); Where: ● pbUsrBuf is the pointer to the user memory area generally in the product’s SRAM. ● wPMABufAddr is the address in PMA (512-byte packet memory area dedicated to USB). ● wNBytes is the number of bytes to be copied. 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 USB-FS-Device_Driver medium layer Table 6 presents the USB-FS-Device_Driver medium layer modules: l Table 6. USB-FS-Device_Driver medium layer modules File Description usb_init (.h,.c) USB device initialization global variables usb_core (.h , .c) USB protocol management (compliant with chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification) usb_sil (.h,.c) Simplified functions for read & write accesses to the endpoints (abstraction layer for the USB-FS_Device peripheral) usb_def.h / usb_type.h USB definitions and types used in the library platform_config.h Defines the hardware depending on the evaluation board used usb_init(.h,.c) This module sets initialization routines and global variables that will be used in the library. usb_core (.h , .c) This module is the “kernel” of the library. It implements all the functions described in Chapter 9 of the USB 2.0 specification. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 17/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 The available subroutines cover handling of USB standard requests related to the control endpoint (ENDP0), offering the necessary code to accomplish the sequence of enumeration phase. A state machine is implemented in order to process the different stages of the setup transactions. The USB core module also implements a dynamic interface between the standard request and the user implementation using the structure User_Standard_Requests. The USB core dispatches the class specific requests and some bus events to user program whenever it is necessary. User handling procedures are given in the Device_Property structure. The different data and function structures used by the kernel are described in the following paragraphs. 1. Device table structure The core keeps device level information in the Device_Table structure. Device_Table is of the type: DEVICE. typedef struct _DEVICE { uint8_t Total_Endpoint; uint8_t Total_Configuration; } DEVICE; 2. Device information structure The USB core keeps the setup packet from the host for the implemented USB Device in the Device_Info structure. This structure has the type: DEVICE_INFO. typedef struct _DEVICE_INFO { uint8_t USBbmRequestType; uint8_t USBbRequest; uint16_t_uint8_t USBwValues; uint16_t_uint8_t USBwIndexs; uint16_t_uint8_t USBwLengths; uint8_t ControlState; uint8_t Current_Feature; uint8_t Current_Configuration; uint8_t Current_Interface; uint8_t Current_AlternateSetting; ENDPOINT_INFO Ctrl_Info; } DEVICE_INFO; An union uint16_t_uint8_t is defined to easily access some fields in the DEVICE_INFO in either uint16_t or uint8_t format. typedef union { uint16_t w; struct BW { uint8_t bb1; uint8_t bb0; } bw; } uint16_t_uint8_t; 18/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library Description of the structure fields: – USBbmRequestType is the copy of the bmRequestType of a setup packet – USBbRequest is the copy of the bRequest of a setup packet – USBwValues is defined as type: uint16_t_uint8_t and can be accessed through 3 macros: #define USBwValue USBwValues.w #define USBwValue0 USBwValues.bw.bb0 #define USBwValue1 USBwValues.bw.bb1 USBwValue is the copy of the wValue of a setup packet USBwValue0 is the low byte of wValue, and USBwValue1 is the high byte of wValue. – USBwIndexs is defined as USBwValues and can be accessed by 3 macros: #define USBwIndex USBwIndexs.w #define USBwIndex0 USBwIndexs.bw.bb0 #define USBwIndex1 USBwIndexs.bw.bb1 USBwIndex is the copy of the wIndex of a setup packet USBwIndex0 is the low byte of wIndex, and USBwIndex1 is the high byte of wIndex. – USBwLengths is defined as type: uint16_t_uint8_t and can be accessed through 3 macros: #define USBwLength USBwLengths.w #define USBwLength0 USBwLengths.bw.bb0 #define USBwLength1 USBwLengths.bw.bb1 USBwLength is the copy of the wLength of a setup packet USBwLength0 and USBwLength1 are the low and high bytes of wLength, respectively. – ControlState is the state of the core, the available values are defined in CONTROL_STATE. – Current_Feature is the device feature at any time. It is affected by the SET_FEATURE and CLEAR_FEATURE requests and retrieved by the GET_STATUS request. User code does not use this field. – Current_Configuration is the configuration the device is working on at any time. It is set and retrieved by the SET_CONFIGURATION and GET_CONFIGURATION requests, respectively. – Current_Interface is the selected interface. – Current_Alternatesetting is the alternative setting which has been selected for the current working configuration and interface. It is set and retrieved by the SET_INTERFACE and GET_INTERFACE requests, respectively. – Ctrl_Info has type ENDPOINT_INFO. Since this structure is used everywhere in the library, a global variable pInformation is defined for easy access to the Device_Info table, it is a pointer to the DEVICE_INFO structure. Actually, pInformation = &Device_Info. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 19/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 3. Device property structure The USBcore dispatches the control to the user program whenever it is necessary. User handling procedures are given in an array of Device_Property. The structure has the type: DEVICE_PROP: typedef struct _DEVICE_PROP { void (*Init)(void); void (*Reset)(void); void (*Process_Status_IN)(void); void (*Process_Status_OUT)(void); RESULT (*Class_Data_Setup)(uint8_t RequestNo); RESULT (*Class_NoData_Setup)(uint8_t RequestNo); RESULT (*Class_Get_Interface_Setting)(uint8_t Interface,uint8_t AlternateSetting); uint8_t* (*GetDeviceDescriptor)(uint16_t Length); uint8_t* (*GetConfigDescriptor)(uint16_t Length); uint8_t* (*GetStringDescriptor)(uint16_t Length); void* RxEP_buffer; /* This field is not used in current library version. It is kept only for compatibility with previous versions */ uint8_t MaxPacketSize; } DEVICE_PROP; 4. User standard request structure The User Standard Request Structure is the interface between the user code and the management of the standard request. The structure has the type: USER_STANDARD_REQUESTS: typedef struct _USER_STANDARD_REQUESTS { void(*User_GetConfiguration)(void); void(*User_SetConfiguration)(void); void(*User_GetInterface)(void); void(*User_SetInterface)(void); void(*User_GetStatus)(void); void(*User_ClearFeature)(void); void(*User_SetEndPointFeature)(void); void(*User_SetDeviceFeature)(void); void(*User_SetDeviceAddress)(void); } USER_STANDARD_REQUESTS; If the user wants to implement specific code after receiving a standard USB Device request he has to use the corresponding functions in this structure. An application developer must implement three structures having the DEVICE_PROP, Device_Table and USER_STANDARD_REQUEST types in order to manage class requests and application specific controls. The different fields of these structures are described in Section 3.3.4: usb_type.h / usb_def.h. 20/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.3.5 usb_sil(.h, .c) The usb_sil module implements an additional abstraction layer for USB-FS_Device peripheral. It offers simple functions for accessing the Endpoints for Read and Write operations. Endpoint simplified write function The write operation to an endpoint can be performed through the following function: void USB_SIL_Write(uint32_t EPNum, uint8_t* pBufferPointer, uint32_t wBufferSize); The parameters of this function are: ● EPNum: Number of the IN endpoint related to the write operation ● pBufferPointer: Pointer to the user buffer to be written to the IN endpoint. ● wBufferSize: Number of data bytes to be written to the IN endpoint. Depending on the peripheral interface, this function gets the address of the endpoint buffer and performs the packet write operation. Endpoint simplified read function The read operation from an endpoint can be performed through the following function: uint32_t USB_SIL_Read(uint32_t EPNum, uint8_t* pBufferPointer); The parameters of this function are: ● EPNum: Number of the OUT endpoint related to the read operation ● pBufferPointer: Pointer to the user buffer to be filled with the data read form the OUT endpoint. Depending on the peripheral interface, this function performs two successive operations: 1. Gets the number of data received from the host on the related OUT endpoint 2. Copies the received data from the USB dedicated memory to the pBufferPointer address. Then the function returns the number of received data bytes to the user application. usb_type.h / usb_def.h These files provides the main types and USB definitions used in the library. platform_config.h This file is responsible for offering a specific configuration for each eval board. This file should be copied to the application folder, where it can then be configured by the user. 3.4 Application interface The modules of the Application interface are provided as a template, they must be tailored by the application developer for each application. Table 7 shows the different modules used in the application interface. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 21/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 Table 7. Application interface modules File Description usb_conf.h usb_desc (.h, .c) usb_prop (.h, .c) usb_endp.c usb_istr (.h,.c) usb_pwr (.h, .c) USB-FS_Device configuration file USB-FS_Device descriptors USB-FS_Device application-specific properties Correct transfer interrupt handler routines for non-control endpoints USB-FS_Device interrupt handler functions USB-FS_Device power and connection management functions 3.4.1 3.4.2 usb_conf(.h) The usb_conf.h is used to customize the USB demos and to configure the device as follows: ● Define the number of endpoints to be used (through the define EP_NUM). ● Enable the use of Endpoints and event callback routines by commenting the relative callback define (i.e. comment the define EP1_IN_Callback to enable and use this function when a correct transfer occurs on endpoint 1, comment the define INTR_SOFINTR_Callback in order to use and implement this function when an SOF interrupt occurs...). When a callback is to be used, its relative define in usb_conf.h file should be commented. Then, it should be implemented with the same name in the user application (no need to declare the callback function prototype as it is already declared in the usb_istr.h file). You can use the file usb_conf.h to: – Configure the BTABLE and all endpoint addresses in the PMA (by modifying and/or adding relative address defines: BTABLE_ADDRESS, ENDP0_RXADDR, ENDP0_TXADDR ...). – Define the interrupts to enable them through the interrupt mask IMR_MSK. usb_desc (.h, .c) The usb_desc.c file should contain all the USB descriptors related to the application. The user has to set these descriptors according to the application proprieties and class. In all available demos in the “STM32 USB-FS_Device developer kit” there is an example implementing a unique serial number string descriptor based on the STM32 Device Unique ID register (12 digits). The default value of the serial number string descriptor is “STM32” and during the USB initialization the Get_SerialNum() function reads the Device Unique ID register and sets the serial number string descriptor. For more details regarding the Device Unique ID register, please refer to Table 4. 22/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library 3.4.3 usb_prop (.h , .c) The usb_prop module is used for implementing the Device_Property, Device_Table and USER_STANDARD_REQUEST structures used by the USB core. Device property implementation The device property structure fields are described below: ● void Init(void): Init procedure of the USB-FS_Device peripheral. It is called once at the start of the application to manage the initialization process. ● void Reset(void): Reset procedure of the USB peripheral. It is called when the macrocell receives a RESET signal from the bus. The user program should set up the endpoints in this procedure, in order to set the default control endpoint and enable it to receive. ● void Process_Status_IN(void): Callback procedure, it is called when a status in a stage is finished. The user program can take control with this callback to perform classand application-related processes. ● void Process_Status_OUT(void): Callback procedure, it is called when a status out stage is finished. As with Process_Status_IN, the user program can perform actions after a status out stage. ● RESULT (see note below) *(Class_Data_Setup)(uint8_t RequestNo): Callback procedure, it is called when a class request is recognized and this request needs a data stage. The core cannot process such requests. In this case, the user program gets the chance to use custom procedures to analyze the request, prepare the data and pass the data to the USB-FS_Device core for exchange with the host. The parameter RequestNo indicates the request number. The return parameter of this function has the type: RESULT. It indicates the result of the request processing to the core. ● RESULT (*Class_NoData_Setup)(uint8_t RequestNo) Callback procedure, it is called when a non-standard device request is recognized, that does not need a data stage. The core cannot process such requests. The user program can have the chance to use custom procedures to analyze the request and take action. The return parameter of this function has type: RESULT. It indicates the result of the request processing to the core. ● RESULT (*Class_GET_Interface_Setting)(uint8_t Interface, uint8_t AlternateSetting): This routine is used to test the received set interface standard request. The user must verify the "Interface" and "AlternateSetting" according to their own implementation and return the USB_UNSUPPORT in case of error in these two fields. ● uint8_t* GetDeviceDescriptor(uint16_t Length): The core gets the device descriptor. ● uint8_t* GetConfigDescriptor(uint16_t Length): The core gets the configuration descriptor. ● uint8_t* GetStringDescriptor(uint16_t Length): The core gets the string descriptor. ● uint16_t MaxPacketSize: The maximum packet size of the device default control endpoint. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 23/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 Note: 3.4.4 The RESULT type is the following: typedef enum _RESULT { USB_SUCCESS = 0,/* request process sucessfully */ USB_ERROR, /* error USB_UNSUPPORT, /* request not supported USB_NOT_READY/* The request process has not been finished,*/ /* endpoint will be NAK to further requests*/ } RESULT; Device endpoint implementation Description of the structure fields: ● Total_Endpoint is the number of endpoints the USB application uses. ● Total_Configuration is the number of configurations the USB application has. USER_STANDARD_REQUEST implementation This structure is used to manage the user implementation after receiving all standard requests (except Get descriptors). The fields of this structure are: ● void (*User_GetConfiguration)(void): Called after receiving the Get Configuration Standard request. ● void (*User_SetConfiguration)(void): Called after receiving the Set Configuration Standard request. ● void (*User_GetInterface)(void): Called after receiving the Get interface Standard request. ● void (*User_SetInterface)(void): Called after receiving the Set interface Standard request. ● void (*User_GetStatus)(void): Called after receiving the Get interface Standard request. ● void (*User_ClearFeature)(void): Called after receiving the Clear Feature Standard request. ● void (*User_SetEndPointFeature)(void): Called after receiving the set Feature Standard request (only for endpoint recipient). ● void (*User_SetDeviceFeature)(void): Called after receiving the set Feature Standard request (only for Device recipient). ● void (*User_SetDeviceAddress)(void): Called after receiving the set Address Standard request. usb_endp (.c) USB_endp module is used for: ● Handling the CTR “correct transfer” routines for endpoints other than endpoint 0 (EP0) for the USB-FS_Device peripheral For enabling the processing of these callback handlers a pre-processor switch named EPx_IN_Callback (for IN transfer) or EPx_OUT_Callback (for OUT transfer) or EPx_RX_ISOC_CALLBACK (for Isochronous Out transfer) must be defined in the USB_conf.h file. 24/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library 3.4.5 3.4.6 usb_istr(.c) USB_istr module provides a function named USB_Istr() which handles all USB interrupts. For each USB interrupt source, a callback routine named XXX_Callback (for example, RESET_Callback) is provided in order to implement a user interrupt handler. To enable the processing of each callback routines, a preprocessor switch named XXX_Callback must be defined in the USB configuration file USB_conf.h. usb_pwr (.h , .c) This module manages the power management of the USB device. It provides the functions shown in Table 8. Table 8. Power management functions Function name RESULT Power_on(void) RESULT Power_off(void) void Suspend(void) void Resume(RESUME_STATE eResumeSetVal) Description Handle switch-on conditions Handle switch-off conditions Sets suspend mode operation conditions Handle wakeup operations 3.5 3.5.1 3.5.2 Implementing a USB-FS_Device application using the STM32 USB-FS-Device library Implementing a no-data class-specific request All class-specific requests without a data transfer phase implement the field RESULT (*Class_NoData_Setup)(uint8_t RequestNo) of the structure device property. The USBbRequest of the request is available in the RequestNo parameter and all other request fields are stored in the device info structure. The user has to test all request fields. If the request is compliant with the class to implement, the function returns the USB_SUCCESS result. However if there is a problem in the request, the function returns the UNSUPPORT result status and the library responds with a STALL handshake. How to implement a data class-specific request In the event of class requests requiring a data transfer phase, the user implementation reports to the USB-FS-Device library the length of the data to transfer and the data location in the internal memory (RAM if the data is received from the host and, RAM or Flash memory if the data is sent to the host). This type of request is managed in the function: RESULT (*Class_Data_Setup)(uint8_t RequestNo). For each class data request the user has to create a specific function with the format: uint8_t* My_First_Data_Request (uint16_t Length) If this function is called with the Length parameter equal to zero, it sets the pInformation->Ctrl_Info.Usb_wLength field with the length of data to transfer and Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 25/85 STM32 USB-FS-Device firmware library UM0424 3.5.3 returns a NULL pointer. In other cases it returns the address of the data to transfer. The following C code shows a simple example: uint8_t* My_First_Data_Request (uint16_t Length) { if (Length == 0) { pInformation->Ctrl_Info.Usb_wLength = My_Data_Length; return NULL; } else return (&My_Data_Buffer); } The function RESULT (*Class_Data_Setup)(uint8_t RequestNo) manages all data requests as described in the following C code: RESULT Class_Data_Setup(uint8_t RequestNo) { uint8_t*(*CopyRoutine)(uint16_t); CopyRoutine = NULL; if (My_First_Condition)// test the filds of the first request CopyRoutine = My_First_Data_Request; else if(My_Second_Condition) // test the filds of the second request CopyRoutine = My_Second_Data_Request; /* ... same implementation for each class data requests ... */ if (CopyRoutine == NULL) return USB_UNSUPPORT; pInformation->Ctrl_Info.CopyData = CopyRoutine; pInformation->Ctrl_Info.Usb_wOffset = 0; (*CopyRoutine)(0); return USB_SUCCESS; } /*End of Class_Data_Setup */ How to manage data transfers in non-control endpoint The management of the data transfer using a pipe that is not the default one (Endpoint 0) can be managed in the usb_end.c file. The user has to uncomment the line corresponding to the endpoint (with direction) in the file usb_conf.h. 26/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 4 Joystick mouse demo Joystick mouse demo 4.1 Note: 4.2 This demo runs on thefollowing STMicroelectronicsevaluation boards, and can be easily tailored to any other hardware: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL ● STM32373C-EVAL ● STM32303C-EVAL ● STM32L152D-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. General description A USB mouse (human interface device –HID– class) is a simple example of a complete USB application. The joystick mouse uses only one interrupt endpoint (endpoint 1 in the IN direction). After normal enumeration, the host requests the HID report descriptor of the mouse. This specific descriptor is presented (with standard descriptors) in the usb_desc.c file. To get the mouse pointer position the host requests four bytes of data with the format shown in Figure 3, using pipe 1 (endpoint 1). Figure 3. Format of the four data bytes n 8 9 n AI The purpose of the mouse demo is to set the X and Y values according to the user actions with a joystick button. The JoyState() function gets the user actions and returns the direction of the mouse pointer. The Joystick_Send() function formats the data to send to the host and validates the data transaction phase. See the hw_config.c file for details on the functions. STM32 low-power management in suspend mode To give an example of power management during the USB suspend/resume events, the joystick mouse demo supports the STM32 Stop mode entry and exit. The STM32 Stop mode is based on the Cortex-M3 deepsleep mode combined with peripheral clock gating. In Stop mode, all clocks in the 1.8 V domain are stopped, the PLLs, HSI RC and HSE crystal oscillators are disabled. Wakeup from the Stop mode is possible only using one EXTI line in interrupt or event mode. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 27/85 Joystick mouse demo UM0424 In this demo, during Stop mode, the voltage regulator is configured in low-power mode to reduce the power consumption and EXTI line 18 (USB-FS_Device Wakeup line) is used for wakeup in interrupt mode. When a suspend event occurs on the bus, the USB-FS-Device library dispatches the request and calls the Enter_LowPowerMode() function (file hw_config.c). In this function, the STM32 is put in Stop mode. The STM32 remains in Stop mode until it receives a wakeup (resume) event on the bus. In this case, EXTI line 18 is activated and wakes up the STM32. After wakeup, the USB-FSDevice library calls the Leave_LowPowerMode() function (file hw_config.c) to reconfigure the clock (re-enable the HSE and PLL). To test this feature and measure the power consumption during USB-FS_Device suspend, connect current meter to the VDD jumper listed in Table 9. Table 9. Eval board power consumption related jumpers Eval board name Jumper STM3210B-EVAL STM3210E-EVAL STM32L152-EVAL STM32L152D-EVAL STM32373C-EVAL STM32303C-EVAL JP9 JP12 JP4 JP10 JP15 JP12 Note: On the PC side, use the USB HS Electrical Test Toolkit available for free from usb.org to put the STM32 in the suspend/resume state. 4.3 Remote wakeup implementation Remote wakeup is the ability of a USB device to bring a suspended bus back to the active condition. A device that supports remote wakeup reports this capability to the PC using the bmAttributes field of the configuration descriptor (bit D5 set to 1). In the Joystick demo the key push-button is used as the remote wakeup source. The key button is connected to EXTI line. The table below summarizes the key push button assignment for each eval board. Table 10. Key push button assignment Eval board name STM3210B-EVAL STM3210E-EVAL STM32L152-EVAL / STM32L152D-EVAL STM32373C-EVAL STM32303C-EVAL EXTI line number EXTI line 9 (GPIO PB.09) EXTI line 8 (GPIO PG.08) EXTI line 0 (GPIO PA.00) EXTI line 2 (GPIO PA.02) EXTI line 6 (GPIO PE.06) 28/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Joystick mouse demo When the key is pressed, the corresponding EXTI ISR is called to initiate the USB device power management state machine using the Resume() function. Note that remote wakeup could be disabled by the PC host using the set_feature request, so the EXTI ISR tests the current feature and sends the remote wake-up signal to the PC only if the feature is enabled. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 29/85 Custom HID demo 5 Custom HID demo UM0424 This demo runs on the following STMicroelectronics evaluation boards, and can be easily tailored to any other hardware: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL ● STM32373C-EVAL ● STM32303C-EVAL ● STM32L152D-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. 5.1 General description The HID (human interface device) class primarily consists of devices that are used by humans to control the operation of computer systems. Typical examples of HID class devices are standard mouse devices, keyboards, Bluetooth adaptors etc. HID Input/Output reports can be exchanged both over the interrupt endpoint, and over the default endpoint (Get_/Set_Report requests). The custom HID demo is a simple HID demo provided with a small PC applet to give an example of how to create a customized HID based on the native Windows HID driver. It consists of simple data exchanges between the STM32 evaluation board and the PC Host using two interrupt pipes (IN and OUT). The custom HID demo implements feature request handling, which allows the user to send a control commands to the device. This command is sent through endpoint 0, and must be treated as a set_report request. For more details on the HID device class, please refer to the “Device Class Definition for HID 1.11” available from the usb.org website. The data exchanged is related to LED commands, push-button state reports and ADC conversion values. For more details on how to use the PC applet of the custom HID, please refer to the UM0551 user manual “USB HID demonstrator” available from the STMicroelectronics microcontroller website www.st.com. 5.2 Descriptor topology The custom HID topology is based on two interrupt pipes used to handle the data transfer for seven different reports. The following chart shows the custom HID topology. 30/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Figure 4. Custom HID topology $EVICE DESCRIPTOR #ONFIGURATION DESCRIPTOR )NTERFACE DESCRIPTOR Custom HID demo %NDPOINT/54 DESCRIPTOR %NDPOINT). DESCRIPTOR ()$ DESCRIPTOR 5.3 5.3.1 2EPORT DESCRIPTORS AI Each report descriptor is related to a specific component in the evaluation board (LEDs, Push-buttons or ADC). The following section describes the functionality of these reports. Custom HID implementation LED control The STM32 evaluation boards have four LEDs. In the custom HID demo, each LED corresponds to a specific report (reports 1 to 4), and the LED states (ON/OFF) are set by the PC applet. Reports generated by the host to the device are transmitted through either the interrupt (OUT) endpoint or the default endpoint (Control) using the Set_Report request. In the PC applet, the output mode is set by default to SET_REPORT, and interrupt transfer is applied.When the device receives data on endpoint 1 OUT, the EP1_OUT_Callback() function is called to dispatch the received state to the corresponding LED according to the report number. When switching to the SET_FEATURE mode, control transfer is applied. The CustomHID_SetReport_Feature() function is called, and the host initiates a control endpoint transfer, which causes IN and OUT reports to be sent and received. Report_Buf[] contains both the report and the number of bytes to transmit. The data received has the format shown in Figure 5, where: ● Report Num: report number from 1 to 4. ● LED state: – 0 -> LED off – 1 -> LED on Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 31/85 Custom HID demo UM0424 5.3.2 5.3.3 Note: Figure 5. Data OUT format 2EPORT.UM ,%$STATE AI Push-button state report The states of the Key and Tamper push-buttons on the STM32 evaluation boards (except for the STM32L152-EVAL board where Right and Left joystick buttons are used) are reported to the PC host using the endpoint 1 IN. The Key push-button (or Right push-button on the STM32L152-EVAL board) corresponds to Report 5 and the Tamper push-button (or Left push-button on the STM32L152 board) to Report 6. When one of the two push-buttons is pressed, the device sends the related report number and the push-button state to the host. Figure 6 shows the used format, where: ● Report Num: report number 5 or 6 ● Button state: 1 -> button pressed Figure 6. Data IN Format 2EPORT.UM "UTTONSTATE AI ADC-converted data transfer This part of the demo consists in transferring the result of the converted voltage connected to the potentiometer of the evaluation board to the PC host. The ADC is configured in continuous mode with DMA data transfer to a RAM variable (ADC_ConvertedValueX). After each conversion the converted value is tested against an old one (ADC_ConvertedValueX_1) and if there is a difference between the two values (potentiometer value changed by a user), the new value is sent to the PC using the endpoint 1 IN. The data format is the same as the one used for the push-buttons, but the report number (7) is followed by the MSB of the ADC conversion result. 32/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 6 Mass storage demo Mass storage demo This demo runs on the following STMicroelectronics evaluation boards, and can be easily tailored to any other hardware: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL ● STM32373C-EVAL ● STM32303C-EVAL ● STM32L152D-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. 6.1 General description The mass storage demo gives a typical example of how to use the STM32 USB-FS_Device peripheral to communicate with the PC host using bulk transfer. This demo supports the BOT (bulk only transfer) protocol and all needed SCSI (small computer system interface) commands, and is compatible with Windows XP (SP1, SP2, SPI3), Windows 2000 (SP4), Windows Vista and Windows 7. 6.2 Mass storage demo overview The mass storage demo complies with USB 2.0 and USB mass storage class (bulk-only transfer subclass) specifications. After running the application, the user just has to plug the USB cable into a PC Host and the device is automatically detected without any additional drive (with Win 2000, XP, Vista and Windows 7). A new removable drive appears in the system window and write/read/format operations can be performed as with any other removable drive (see Figure 7). Figure 7. New removable disk in Windows AI Table 11 gives details of the memory support used for each eval board. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 33/85 Mass storage demo UM0424 Table 11. Eval board memory support Eval board Memory support STM3210E-EVAL STM3210B-EVAL STM32L152-EVAL STM32L152D-EVAL STM32373C-EVAL STM32303C-EVAL MicroSD and NAND Flash MicroSD MicroSD MicroSD MicroSD MicroSD IP interface SDIO and FSMC SPI SPI SDIO SPI SPI Note: Note: All related firmware used to initialize, read from and write to the media are available in the stm32xxx_eval_sdio_sd.c.c/.h, stm32xxx_eval_spi_sd.c/.h and fsmc_nand.c/.h files. For mass storage class, the device firmware does not need to know or take into account the file system the host is using. The firmware just stores and sends blocks of data as requested by the host. 6.3 6.3.1 Mass storage protocol Bulk-only transfer (BOT) The BOT protocol uses only bulk pipes to transfer commands, status and data (no interrupt or control pipes). The default pipe (pipe 0, or in other words, Endpoint 0) is only used to clear the bulk pipe status (clear STALL status) and to issue the two class-specific requests: Mass Storage reset and Get Max LUN. 34/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Mass storage demo Command transfer To send a command, the host uses a specific format called command block wrapper (CBW). The CBW is a 31-byte length packet. Table 12 shows the different fields of a CBW. Table 12. CBW packet fields 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0-3 dCBWSignature 4-7 dCBWTag 8-11 dCBWDataTransferLength 12 bmCBWFlags 13 Reserved (0) bCBWLUN 14 Reserved (0) bCBWCBLength 15-30 CBWCB ● dCBWSignature: 43425355 : USBC (in little Endian) ● dCBWTag: The host specifies this field for each command. The device should return the same dCBWTag in the associated status. ● dCBWDataTransferLength: total number of bytes to transfer (expected by the host). ● bmCBWFlags: This field is used to specify the direction of the data transfer (if any). The bits of this field are defined as follows: – Bit 7: Direction bit: 0: Data Out transfer (host to device). 1: Data In transfer (device to host). Note: The device ignores this bit if the dCBWDataTransferLength field is cleared to zero. – Bits 6:0: reserved (cleared to zero). ● bCBWLUN: concerned Logical Unit number. ● bCBWCBLength: this field specify the length (in bytes) of the command CBWCB. ● CBWCB: the command block to be executed by the device. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 35/85 Mass storage demo UM0424 Status transfer To inform the host about the status of each received command, the device uses the command status wrapper (CSW). Table 13 shows the different fields of a CSW. Table 13. CSW packet fields 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0-3 dCSWSignature 4-7 dCSWTag 8-11 dCSWDataResidue 12 bCSWStatus Note: ● dCSWSignature: 53425355 USBS (little Endian). ● dCSWTag: the device sets this field to the received value of dCBWTag in the concerned CBW. ● dCSWDataResidue: the difference between the expected data (the value of the dCBWDataTransferLength field of the concerned CBW) and the real value of the data received or sent by the device. ● bCSWStatus: the status of the concerned command. This field can assume one of the three non-reserved values shown in Table 14. Table 14. Command block status values Value 0x00 0x01 0x02 0x03=>0xFF Description Command passed Command failed Phase error Reserved Data transfer The data transfer phase is specified by the dCBWDataTransferLength and bmCBWFlags of the correspondent CBW. The host attempts to transfer the exact number of bytes to or from the device. The diagram shown in Figure 8 shows the state machine of a BOT transfer. For more information about the BOT protocol, please refer to the “Universal Serial Bus Mass Storage Class Bulk-Only Transport” specification. 36/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Figure 8. BOT state machine $ATA/54 FROMTHEHOST 2EADY #OMMAND TRANSPORT #"7 3TATUS TRANSPORT #37 Mass storage demo $ATA). TOTHEHOST AI Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 37/85 Mass storage demo UM0424 6.3.2 Small computer system interface (SCSI) The SCSI command set is designed to provide efficient peer-to-peer operation of SCSI devices like, for example, hard desks, tapes and mass storage devices. In other words these are used to ensure the communication between an SCSI device and an operating system in a PC host. Table 15 shows SCSI commands for removable devices. Not all commands are shown. For more information, please refer to the SPC and RBC specifications. Table 15. SCSI command set Command name OpCode Command support(1) Description Reference Inquiry Read Format Capacities Mode Sense (6) 0x12 0x23 0x1A M Get device information Report current media capacity and M formattable capacities supported by medium M Report parameters to the host SPC-2 SPC-2 SPC-2 Mode Sense (10) Prevent\ Allow Medium Removal 0x1E M Report parameters to the host SPC-2 M Prevent or allow the removal of media from a removable media device SPC-2 Read (10) Read Capacity (10) Request Sense Start Stop Unit 0x28 0x25 0x03 0x1B M Transfer binary data from the medium to the host RBC M Report current medium capacity RBC O Transfer status sense data to the host Enable or disable the Logical Unit for M medium access operations and controls certain power conditions SPC-2 RBC Test Unit Ready Verify (10) Write (10) 0x00 0x2F 0x2A M Request the device to report if it is ready SPC-2 M Verify data on the medium RBC M Transfer binary data from the host to the medium RBC 1. Command Support key: M = support is mandatory, O = support is optional. 38/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Mass storage demo 6.4 6.4.1 Mass storage demo implementations Hardware configuration interface The hardware configuration interface is a layer between the USB application (in our case the Mass Storage demo) and the internal/external hardware of the STM32 microcontroller. This internal and external hardware is managed by the STM32 standard peripheral library, so from the firmware point of view, the hardware configuration interface is the firmware layer between the USB application and the standard peripheral library. Figure 9 shows the interaction between the different firmware components and the hardware environment. Figure 9. Hardware and firmware interaction diagram 53" &3 $EVICE APPLICATION 53" &3 $EVICELIBRARY 34- 3TANDARD PERIPHERAL LIBRARY 53" &3?$EVICEPERIPHERAL OR /4' &3?$EVICEPERIPHERAL (ARDWARE34- EVALUATIONBOARD (ARDWARECONFIGINTERFACE AIC The hardware configuration layer is represented by the two files HW_config.c and HW_config.h. For the Mass Storage demo, the hardware management layer manages the following hardware requirements: ● System and USB-FS_Device peripheral clock configuration ● Read and write LED configuration ● LED command ● Initialize the memory medium ● Get the characteristics of the memory medium (the block size and the memory capacity) Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 39/85 Mass storage demo UM0424 6.4.2 Endpoint configurations and data management This section provides a description of the configuration and the data flow according to the transfer mode. Endpoint configurations The endpoint configurations should be done after each USB reset event, so this part of code is implemented in the MASS_Reset function (file usp_prop.c). For all STM32 except Connectivity line devices: To configure endpoint 0 it is necessary to: ● Configure endpoint 0 as the default control endpoint ● Configure the endpoint 0 Rx and Tx count and buffer addresses in the BTABLE (usb_conf.h file) ● Configure the endpoint Rx status as VALID and the Tx status as NAK. The bulk pipes (endpoints 1 and 2) are configured as follows: 1. Configure endpoint 1 as bulk IN 2. Configure the endpoint 1 Tx count and data buffer address in the BTABLE (usb_conf.h file) 3. Disable the endpoint 1 Rx 4. Configure the endpoint 1 Tx status as NAK 5. Configure the endpoint 2 as bulk OUT 6. Configure the endpoint 2 Rx count and data buffer address in the BTABLE (usb_conf.h file) 7. Disable the endpoint 2 Tx 8. Configure the endpoint 2 Rx status as VALID. 40/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Mass storage demo 6.4.3 Data management Data management consists of the transfer of the needed data directly from the specified data buffer address in the USB memory, according to the related endpoint (IN: ENDP1TXADDR; OUT: ENDP2RXADDR). For these transfers, the following two functions are used (usb_sil.c file): ● USB_SIL_Read (): this function transfers the received bytes from the USB memory to the internal RAM. This function is used to copy the data sent by the host to the device. The number of received data bytes is determined into the function (not passed as parameter) and this value is returned by the function at the end of the operation. ● USB_SIL_Write (): this function transfers the specified number of bytes from the internal RAM to the USB memory. This function is used to send the data from the device to the host. Class-specific requests The Mass Storage Class specification describes two class-specific requests: Bulk-only mass storage reset This request is used to reset the Mass Storage device and its associated interface. This class-specific request makes the device ready for the next CBW sent by the PC host. To issue the bulk-only mass storage reset, the host issues a device request on the default pipe (endpoint 0) of: ● bmRequestType: Class, Interface, Host to device ● bRequest field set to 0xFF ● wValue field set to 0 ● wIndex field set to the interface number (0 for this implementation) ● wLength field set to 0 This request is implemented as a no-data class-specific request in the MASS_NoData_Setup() function (usb_prop.c file). After receiving this request, the device clears the data toggle of the two bulk endpoints, initializes the CBW signature to the default value and sets the BOT state machine to the BOT_IDLE state to be ready to receive the next CBW. GET MAX LUN request A Mass Storage Device may implement several logical units that share common device characteristics. The host uses bCBWLUN to designate which logical unit of the device is the destination of the CBW. The Get Max LUN device request is used to determine the number of logical units supported by the device. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 41/85 Mass storage demo UM0424 6.4.4 6.4.5 To issue a Get Max LUN request the host must issue a device request on the default pipe (endpoint 0) of: ● bmRequestType: Class, Interface, Host to device ● bRequest field set to 0xFE ● wValue field set to 0 ● wIndex field set to the interface number (0 for this implementation) ● wLength field set to 1 This request is implemented as a data class-specific request in the MASS_Data_Setup() function (usb_prop.c file). Note that in case of the STM3210E-EVAL board two LUNs are supported Standard request requirements To be compliant with the BOT specification the device must respond to the two following requirements after receiving the same standard requests: ● When the device switches from the unconfigured to the configured state, the data toggle of all endpoints must be cleared. This requirement is served by the Mass_Storage_SetConfiguration() function in the usb_prop.c file. ● When the host sends a CBW command with an invalid signature or length, the device must keep endpoints 1 and 2 both as STALL until it receives the Mass Storage Reset class-specific request. This functionality is managed by the Mass_Storage_ClearFeature() function in the usb_prop.c file. BOT state machine To provide the BOT protocol, a specific state machine with five states is implemented. The states are described below: ● BOT_IDLE: this is the default state after a USB reset, Bulk-Only Mass Storage Reset or after sending a CSW. In this state the device is ready to receive a new CBW from the host ● BOT_DATA_OUT: the device enters this state after receiving a CBW with data flow from the host to the device ● BOT_DATA_IN: the device enters this state after receiving a CBW with data flow from the device to the host ● BOT_DATA_IN_LAST: the device enters this state when sending the last of the data asked for by the host ● BOT_CSW_SEND: the device moves to this state when sending the CSW. When the device is in this state and a correct IN transfer occurs, the device moves to the BOT_IDLE state to be able to receive the next CBW ● BOT_ERROR: Error state 42/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Mass storage demo 6.4.6 The BOT state machine is managed using the functions described below (usb_bot.c and usb_bot.h firmware files): ● Mass_Storage_In (); Mass_Storage_Out (): these two functions are called when a correct transfer (IN or OUT) occurs. The aim of these two functions is to provide the next step after receiving/sending a CBW, data or CSW ● CBW_Decode (): this function is used to decode the CBW and to dispatch the firmware to the corresponding SCSI command ● DataInTransfer (): this function is used to transfer the characteristic device data to the host ● Set_CSW (): this function is used to set the CSW fields with the needed parameters according to the command execution ● Bot_Abort (): this function is used to STALL the endpoints 1 or 2 (or both) according to the Error occurring in the BOT flow SCSI protocol implementation The aim of the SCSI Protocol is to provide a correct response to all SCSI commands needed by the operating system on the PC host. This section details the method of management for all implemented SCSI commands. ● INQUIRY command (OpCode = 0x12): Send the needed inquiry page data (in this demo only page 0 and the standard page are supported) with the needed data length according to the ALLOCATION LENGTH field of the command. ● SCSI READ FORMAT CAPACITIES command (OpCode = 0x23): Send the Read Format Capacity data response (ReadFormatCapacity_Data[ ] from the SCSI_data.c file) after checking the presence of the medium. If no medium has been detected a MEDIUM_NOT_PRESENT error is returned to force the host to update its internal parameters. ● SCSI READ CAPACITY (10) command (OpCode = 0x25): Send the Read Capacity (10) data response (ReadCapacity10_Data[ ] from the SCSI_data.c file) after checking the presence of the medium. If no medium has been detected a MEDIUM_NOT_PRESENT error is returned to force the host to update its internal parameters. ● SCSI MODE SENSE (6) command (OpCode = 0x1A): Send the Mode Sense (6) data response (Mode_Sense6_data[ ] from the SCSI_data.c file). ● SCSI MODE SENSE (10) command (OpCode = 0x5A): Send the Mode Sense (10) data response (Mode_Sense10_data[ ] from the SCSI_data.c file). ● SCSI REQUEST SENSE command (OpCode = 0x03): Send the Request Sense data response. Note that the Resquest_Sense_Data [ ] array (SCSI_data.c file) is updated using the Set_Scsi_Sense_Data() function in order to set the Sense key and the ASC fields according to any error occurring during the transfer. ● SCSI TEST UNIT READY command (OpCode = 0x00): Check the presence of the medium. If no medium has been detected a MEDIUM_NOT_PRESENT error is returned to force the host to update its internal parameters. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 43/85 Mass storage demo UM0424 6.4.7 6.4.8 ● SCSI PREVENT/ALLOW MEDIUM REMOVAL command (OpCode = 0x1E): Always return a CSW with COMMAND PASSED status. ● SCSI START STOP UNIT command (OpCode = 0x1B): This command is sent by the PC host when a user right-clicks on the device (in Windows) and selects the Eject operation. In this case the firmware programs the data in the internal Flash memory using the Stor_Data_In_Flash() function. ● SCSI READ 10 command (OpCode = 0x28) and SCSI WRITE 10 command (OpCode = 0x2A): The host issues these two commands to perform a read or a write operation. In these cases the device has to verify the address compatibility with the memory range and the direction bit in the bmFlag of the command. If the command is validated the firmware launches the read or write operation from the microSD card. ● SCSI VERIFY 10 command (OpCode =0x2F): The SCSI VERIFY 10 command requests the device to verify the data written on the medium. In this case no Flash-like memory support is used, so when the SCSI VERIFY 10 command is received, the device tests the BLKVFY bit. If the BLKVFY bit is set to one, a Command Passed status is returned in the CSW. Memory management All the memory management functions are grouped in the two files: memory.c and memory.h. Memory management consists of two basic processes: ● Management and validation of the address range for the SCSI READ (10) and SCSI WRITE (10) commands: this process is done by the Address_Management_Test() function. The role of this function is to extract the real address and memory offset in the medium memory and test if the current transfer (Read or Write) is in the memory range. If this is not the case, the function STALLs endpoint 1 or 2 or both endpoints (according to the transfer Read or Write) and returns a bad status to disable the transfer. ● Management of the Read and Write processes: this process is done by the two functions Read_Memory() and Write_Memory(). These two functions manage the medium access based on the two functions “MAL_WriteBlock” and “MAL_ReadBlock” from the mass_mal.c file. After each access, the current memory offset and the next Access Address are updated using the length of the previous transfer. Medium access management Logical access to the addressed medium takes place in a separate layer called the medium access layer (mass_mal.c and mass_mal.h) through the logical unit number (LUN). This layer makes the medium access independent of the upper layer and dispatches write and read operations to the addressed medium. 44/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Figure 10. Medium access layer 3YSTEMCONFIGURATION -3APPLICATION Mass storage demo 53" &3 $EVICELIBRARY -EDIUMACCESSLAYER ,OGICAL TO PHYSICAL TRANSLATIONLAYER 3$#ARDIFLAYER .!.$&LASHIFLAYER AIB Physical access to the NAND and physical access to the micro SD are not similar. In the case of the micro SD, write, read and erase operations can be made by page units known as logical sectors. This means that access to the medium is linear and the logical address is the same as the physical one. In the case of the NAND, write and read operations can be made by page unit but erase operations are carried out by block unit. This means that a write operation in a used block is performed in five steps as follows: 1. Allocate a free physical block. 2. Precopy old pages. 3. Write new pages. 4. Erase the old block. 5. Assign the current logical address to the new block. Figure 11. NAND write operation 2EADWRITEFROM-!,LAYER 0HYSICALREAD 0RECOPY 7RITE %RASE ,OOKUPTABLE Caution: .!.$&LASHDRIVER AI The logical-to-physical layer is used to keep a compatibility between the NAND and the microSD access methods by using the same input parameters for the two media. In the case of the NAND, the physical address is calculated internally and write and read operations are carried out in this layer. The build look-up table (LUT) process used to translate logical addresses to physical ones and keep the block status is patented by STMicroelectronics. It is not allowed to use outside the STM32 firmware, and it should not be reproduced without STMicroelectronics’s agreement. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 45/85 Mass storage demo UM0424 6.5 How to customize the mass storage demo The implemented firmware is a simple example used to demonstrate the STM32 USB peripheral capability in bulk transfer. However it can be customized according to user requirements. This customizing can be done in the three layers of the implemented mass storage protocol: ● Customizing the BOT layer: the user can implement their own BOT state machine or modify the implemented one just by modifying the two files usb_BOT.c and usb_BOT.h and by keeping the same data transfer method. ● Customizing the SCSI layer: the implemented SCSI protocol presents, more than the supported command listed in Section 6.4.6: SCSI protocol implementation, a list of unsupported commands. When the host sends one of these commands, a corresponding function is called by the CBW_Decode() function like a common command. However, all the functions related to unsupported commands are defined by the SCSI_Invalid_Cmd() function, (see usb_scsi.c file). The SCSI_Invalid_Cmd() function STALLs the two endpoints (1 and 2), sets the Sense data to invalid command key and sends a CSW with a Command Failed status. To support one of the invalid commands, the user has to comment out the concerned line and implement their own process. For example, for the need to support the SCSI_FormatUnit command, comment the line: // #define SCSI_FormatUnit_Cmd SCSI_Invalid_Cmd And implement a process in a function with the same name in the usb_scsi.c file: void SCSI_Invalid_Cmd (void) { // your implementation } In this way the custom function is called automatically by the CBW_Decode() function (usb_BOT.c file). However if you need to implement a command not listed in the previous list you have to modify the CBW_Decode() and implement the protocol of the new command. Mass storage descriptors Table 16. Device descriptor Field Value bLength 0x12 bDescriptortype 0x01 bcdUSB 0x0200 bDeviceClass bDeviceSubClass 0x00 0x00 bDeviceProtocol 0x00 bMaxPacketSize0 0x40 idVendor idProduct 0x0483 0x5720 bcdDevice 0x0100 Description Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type (device descriptor) USB specification release number: 2.0 Device Class Device subclass Device protocol Max Packet Size of Endpoint 0: 64 bytes Vendor identifier (STMicroelectronics) Product identifier Device release number: 1.00 46/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Mass storage demo Table 16. Device descriptor (continued) Field Value Description iManufacturer 4 Index of the manufacturer String descriptor: 4 iProduct 42 Index of the product String descriptor: 42 iSerialNumber bNumConfigurations 96 0x01 Index of the serial number String descriptor Number of possible configurations: 1 Table 17. Configuration descriptor Field Value bLength 0x09 bDescriptortype 0x02 wTotalLength 32 bNumInterfaces bConfigurationValue iConfiguration bmAttributes 0x0001 0x01 0x00 0x80 Maxpower 0x32 Description Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type (configuration descriptor) Total length (in bytes) of the returned data by this descriptor (including interface endpoint descriptors) Number of interfaces supported by this configuration (only one interface) Configuration value Index of the Configuration String descriptor Configuration characteristics: Bus powered Maximum power consumption through USB bus: 100 mA Table 18. Interface descriptors Field Value bLength 0x09 bDescriptortype 0x04 bInterfaceNumber 0x00 bAlternateSetting bNumEndpoints 0x00 0x02 bInterfaceClass 0x08 bInterfaceSubClass 0x06 bInterfaceProtocl 0x50 iInterface 106 Description Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type (Interface descriptor) Interface number Alternate Setting number Number of used Endpoints: 2 Interface class: Mass Storage class Interface subclass: SCSI transparent Interface protocol: 0x50 Index of the interface String descriptor Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 47/85 Mass storage demo Table 19. Endpoint descriptors Field Value IN endpoint bLength bDescriptortype bEndpointAddress bmAttributes wMaxPacketSize bInterval OUT endpoint 0x07 0x05 0x81 0x02 0x40 0x00 bLength bDescriptortype bEndpointAddress bmAttributes wMaxPacketSize bInterval 0x07 0x05 0x02 0x02 0x40 0x00 UM0424 Description Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type (endpoint descriptor) IN endpoint address 1. Bulk endpoint 64 bytes Does not apply for bulk endpoints Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type (endpoint descriptor) Out endpoint address 2 Bulk endpoint 64 bytes Does not apply for bulk endpoints 48/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 7 Virtual COM port demo Virtual COM port demo This demo runs on the following STMicroelectronics evaluation boards, and can be easily tailored to any other hardware: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL ● STM32373C-EVAL ● STM32303C-EVAL ● STM32L152D-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. 7.1 General description In modern PCs, USB is the standard communication port for almost all peripherals. However many industrial software applications still use the classic COM Port (UART). The Virtual COM Port Demo provides a simple solution to bypass this problem. It uses the USB device as a COM port by affecting the legacy PC application designed for COM Port communication. The Virtual COM Port demo provides the firmware examples for the STM32 family and the PC driver. This section provides a brief description of the implementation, and shows how to run the demo. 7.2 Virtual COM port demo proposal The demo proposal is to use the STM32 evaluation board as a USB-to-USART bridge and to provide communication between a laptop (without RS-232 port) and a standard PC workstation as shown in Figure 12. Figure 12. Virtual COM port demo as USB-to-USART bridge USART Communication USB Communication MSv31506V1 The PC application used for communication is Windows HyperTerminal. See Figure 13. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 49/85 Virtual COM port demo Figure 13. Communication example UM0424 AI 7.3 Software driver installation To install the software driver of the Virtual COM port, download and execute the “Virtual Com Port Driver Setup” from the STMicroelectronics website: www.st.com. At the end of the installation, a new COM port appears in the Device Manager window as shown in Figure 14. Figure 14. Device manager window 50/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Virtual COM port demo 7.4 7.4.1 Implementation Hardware implementation Table 20 lists the USART connector number for each evaluation board. Table 20. USART connector number for each evaluation board Eval board USART connector STM3210E-EVAL STM3210B-EVAL STM32303C-EVAL STM32L152D-EVAL STM32L152-EVAL STM32373C-EVAL USART1 USART1 USART1 USART1 USART2 USART2 Note: 7.4.2 There is no need to add external hardware to run the demo. Firmware implementation In order to be considered as a COM port, the USB device has to implement two interfaces according to the Communication Device Class (CDC) specification: ● Abstract Control Model Communication, with 1 Interrupt IN endpoint: in our implementation this interface is declared in the descriptor but the related endpoint (endpoint 2) is not used ● Abstract Control Model Data, with 1 Bulk IN and 1 Bulk OUT endpoint: this interface is represented in the demo by endpoint 1 (IN) and endpoint 3 (OUT). Endpoint 1 is used to send the data received from the UART to the PC through USB. Endpoint 3 is used to receive the data from the PC and send it through the UART. For more information on the CDC class please refer to the Universal Serial Bus Class Definitions for Communication Devices specification provided by the www.usb.org website. Class-specific requests To implement a virtual COM port, the device supports the following class-specific requests: ● SET_CONTROL_LINE_STATE: RS-232 signal used to tell the device that the Data Terminal Equipment device is now present. This request always returns a USB_SUCCESS status in the Virtual_Com_Port_NoData_Setup() function (usb_prop.c file). ● SET_COMM_FEATURE: controls the settings for a particular communication feature. This request always returns a USB_SUCCESS status in the Virtual_Com_Port_NoData_Setup() function (usb_prop.c file). ● SET_LINE_CODING: sends the configuration of the device. It includes the baud rate, stop-bits, parity, and number-of-character bits. The received data is stored in a specific data structure called “linecoding” and used to update the UART parameters. ● GET_LINE_CODING: This command requests the device current baud rate, stop-bits, parity, and number-of-character bits. The device responds to this request with the data stored in the “linecoding” structure. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 51/85 Virtual COM port demo UM0424 Note: Hardware configuration interface The hardware configuration interface (hw_config.c and .h) in the Virtual COM port manages the following routines: ● Configure the system and peripheral (USB & USART) clock and interrupts ● Initialize the USART to default values ● Configure the USART with the parameters received by the SET_LINE_CODING request ● Send the data received by the USART to the PC through USB ● Send the data received by the USB through USART For the STM32, the supported data formats are 7 & 8 bits (in the HyperTerminal), and the bandwidth range is from 1200 to 115200. 52/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 8 VirtualComport_Loopback VirtualComport_Loopback This demo runs on the following STMicroelectronics evaluation boards, and can be easily tailored to any other hardware: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL ● STM32373C-EVAL ● STM32303C-EVAL ● STM32L152D-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. 8.1 General description The purpose of this example is to send and receive data over USB using the CDC protocol. The USB Device VCP Example is used for this. For further details on this demo, please refer to Chapter 7: Virtual COM port demo. In this example, NO serial cable connector is needed, and you can see the data transferred to and from USB. This example loops back the contents of a text file over a USB port. 8.2 Demo overview Figure 15 shows the application’s structure. Figure 15. VirtualComport_Loopback application overview USB Communication MSv31507V1 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 53/85 VirtualComport_Loopback UM0424 8.3 8.3.1 8.3.2 Transferring data Once the device has been enumerated as a virtual COM port by the host, data can easily be transferred in the loop back. There are two functions and two buffers for transferring data into and out of the device. Sending data from device to host To send the data received from the STM32 to the PC (IN transfers), put the data into the Send_Buffer[ ] buffer and call CDC_Send_DATA( ). When a packet is sent from the STM32 on the IN pipe (EP1), EP1_IN_Callback processes the sent data. Receiving data from host to device To receive data to the STM32 (OUT transfers),store the data in the Receive_Buffer[ ] by calling CDC_Receive_DATA(). When a packet is received from the PC on the OUT pipe (EP3), EP3_IN_Callback processes the received data. 8.4 Running the demo Follow the instructions below to start the demo: 1. Launch the Window HyperTerminal application, and select the COM port. 2. Connect the USB port of the STM32 to the PC. 3. Type any message on the PC's keyboard. It will be displayed twice. Any data shown in HyperTerminal is received from the device. Figure 16. Window HyperTerminal message display Note: 54/85 Character echo is ON. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 MSv31508V1 UM0424 9 USB voice speaker demo USB voice speaker demo This demo runs on the following STMicroelectronics evaluation boards: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. 9.1 General description The USB voice speaker demo gives examples of how to use the STM32 USB peripheral to communicate with the PC host in the isochronous transfer mode. They provide a demonstration of the correct method for configuring an isochronous endpoint, receiving or transmitting data from/to the host. They also show how to use the data in a real-time application. The available voice demo described in this user guide is a USB speaker. 9.2 Isochronous transfer overview The isochronous transfer is used when the application needs to guarantee the access to the USB bandwidth with bounded latency, constant data rate and without attempting a new data transfer operation in case of failure. In fact, an isochronous transaction does not have a handshake phase and no ACK packet is expected or sent after the data packet. Figure 17 shows an example of an isochronous OUT transfer with 64 bytes in the data packet. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 55/85 USB voice speaker demo Figure 17. Isochronous OUT transfer UM0424 Typical examples of application use of the isochronous transfer mode are audio samples, compressed video streams and, in general, any sort of sampled data with strict requirements for the accuracy of the delivered frequency. Please see the USB 2.0 specifications for more details on the USB isochronous transfer mode characteristics. 9.3 Audio device class overview An audio device, as defined by the Universal Serial Bus Class Definition for Audio Devices specification, is a device or a function embedded in composite devices that are used to manipulate audio, voice, and sound-related functionality. This includes both audio data (analog and digital) and the functionality that is used to directly control the audio environment, such as volume and tone control. All audio devices are grouped, from the USB point of view, in the audio interface class. This class is divided into several subclasses. The Universal Serial Bus Class Definition for Audio Devices specification details the three following subclasses: ● AudioControl Interface subclass (AC): each audio function has a single AudioControl interface. The AC interface is used to control the functional behavior of a particular audio function. To achieve this functionality, this interface can use the following endpoints: – A control endpoint (endpoint 0) for manipulating unit and terminal settings and retrieving the state of the audio function using class-specific requests. – An interrupt endpoint for status returns. This endpoint is optional. The AudioControl interface is the single entry point to access the internals of the audio function. All requests that are concerned with the manipulation of certain audio controls within the audio function’s units or terminals must be directed to the AudioControl 56/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 USB voice speaker demo interface of the audio function. Likewise, all descriptors related to the internals of the audio function are part of the class-specific AudioControl interface descriptor. The AudioControl interface of an audio function may support multiple alternate settings. Alternate settings of the AudioControl interface could for instance be used to implement audio functions that support multiple topologies by presenting different class-specific AudioControl interface descriptors for each alternate setting. ● AudioStreaming Interface Subclass (AS): AudioStreaming interfaces are used to interchange digital audio data streams between the host and the audio function. They are optional. An audio function can have zero or more AudioStreaming interfaces associated with it, each possibly carrying data of a different nature and format. Each AudioStreaming interface can have at most one isochronous data endpoint. ● MIDIStreaming Interface Subclass (MIDIS): MIDIStreaming interfaces are used to transport MIDI data streams into and out of the audio function. To be able to manipulate the physical properties of an audio function, its functionality must be divided into addressable entities. Two types of such generic entities are identified and are called units and terminals. The Universal Serial Bus Class Definition for Audio Devices specification defines seven types of standard units and terminals that are considered adequate to represent most audio functions. These are: – Input Terminal – Output Terminal – Mixer Unit – Selector Unit – Feature Unit – Processing Unit – Extension Unit. For more information about the audio class characteristics and requirements, please refer to the Universal Serial Bus Device Class Definition for Audio Devices specification provided by the usb.org website. 9.4 STM32 USB audio speaker demo The purpose of the USB audio speaker demo is to receive the audio stream (data) from a PC host using the USB and to play it back via the STM32 MCU. Figure 18: STM32 USBFS_Device audio speaker demo data flow represents the data flow between the PC host and the audio speaker. Figure 18. STM32 USB-FS_Device audio speaker demo data flow Digital data flow (via USB) STM32 MCU Analog data flow ai14307 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 57/85 USB voice speaker demo UM0424 9.4.1 General characteristics ● USB device characteristics: – Endpoint 0: used to enumerate the device and to respond to class-specific requests. The maximum packet size of this endpoint is 64 bytes. – Endpoint 1 (OUT): used to receive the audio stream from the PC host with a maximum packet size up to 22 bytes. ● Audio characteristics: – Audio data format: Type I / PCM8 format / Mono. – Audio data resolution: 8 bits. – Sample frequency: 22 kHz. ● Hardware requirements: In the case of he STM3210B-EVAL board, since the STM32 MCU does not have an onchip DAC to generate the analog data flow, an alternate method is used to implement 1 channel DAC. This method consists in using the build-in pulse width modulation (PWM) module to generate a signal whose pulse width is proportional to the amplitude of the sample data. The PWM output signal is then integrated by a low-pass filter to remove high-frequency components, leaving only the low-frequency content. The output of the low-pass filter provides a reasonable reproduction of the original analog signal. Figure 19 shows the Audio playback diagram flow using the built-in PWM. In the case of the STM3210E-EVAL, the I2S standalone audio peripheral is used to generate the audio data. Figure 19. Audio playback flow STM3210B-EVAL PMW Low-pass filter Audio amplifier Speaker STM3210E-EVAL I2C Audio DAC STM32L152-EVAL DAC Filter-amplifier Speaker Audio Jack Speaker Audio Jack MS19242V2 58/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 USB voice speaker demo 9.4.2 Implementation This section describes the hardware and software solution used to implement a USB audio speaker using the STM32 microcontroller. Hardware implementation In the case of the STM3210B-EVAL board, to implement the PWM feature the following STM32 built-in timers are used: ● TIM2 in output compare timing mode to act as system timer. ● TIM4 in PWM mode In the case of the STM3210E-EVAL board, the I2S standalone audio peripheral directly generates the audio data. In the case of the STM32L152-EVAL board, the embedded DAC peripheral directly generates the audio data (frame synchronization is controlled using TIM6 timer). Firmware implementation The aim of the STM32 speaker demo is to store the data (Audio Stream) received from the host in a specific buffer called Stream_Buffer and to use the PWM to play one stream (8-bit format) every 45.45 µs (~ 22 kHz). ● Hardware configuration interface: The hardware configuration interface is a layer between the USB application (in our case the USB device Audio Speaker) and the internal/external hardware of the STM32 microcontroller. This internal and external hardware is managed by the STM32’s standard peripheral library, so from the firmware point of view, the hardware configuration interface is the firmware layer between the USB-FS_Device application and the standard peripheral library. Figure 20 shows the interaction between the different firmware components and the hardware environment. The hardware configuration layer is represented by the two files hw_config.c and hw_config.h. For the USB audio speaker demo, the hardware management layer manages the following hardware requirements: – System and USB peripheral clock configuration – Timer configuration (when STM3210B-EVAL is used) – I2S configuration (when STM3210E-EVAL is used) – DAC and Timer configuration (when STM32L152-EVAL is used) Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 59/85 USB voice speaker demo Figure 20. Hardware and firmware interaction diagram STM32 USB-FS_Device audio speaker USB-FS_Device application USB-FS_Device library UM0424 STM32 Standard peripheral library 60/85 USB-FS_Device peripheral Hardware (STM32F + board) Hardware config interface ai14309c ● Endpoint configurations: In the STM32 USB device speaker demo, two endpoints are used to communicate with the PC host: endpoint 0 and endpoint 1. Note that endpoint 1 is an Isochronous OUT endpoint and this kind of endpoint is managed by the STM32 USB device peripheral using the double buffer mode so the firmware has to provide two data buffers in the Packet Memory Area for this endpoint. The following C code describes the method used to configure an isochronous OUT endpoint (see the usb_prop.c file, Speaker_Reset () function). /* Initialize Endpoint 1 */ SetEPType(ENDP1, EP_ISOCHRONOUS); SetEPDblBuffAddr(ENDP1,ENDP1_BUF0Addr,ENDP1_BUF1Addr); SetEPDblBuffCount(ENDP1, EP_DBUF_OUT, 22); ClearDTOG_RX(ENDP1); ClearDTOG_TX(ENDP1); ToggleDTOG_TX(ENDP1); SetEPRxStatus(ENDP1, EP_RX_VALID); SetEPTxStatus(ENDP1, EP_TX_DIS); ● Class-specific request This implementation supports only Mute control. This feature is managed by the Mute_command function (usb_prop.c file). ● Isochronous data transfer management As detailed before, the STM32 manages the isochronous data transfer using the double buffer mode. So to copy the received data from the PMA to the Stream_Buffer, the swapping between the two PMA buffers (ENDP1_BUF0Addr and ENDP1_BUF1Addr) has to be managed. Swapping access to the PMA is managed according to the buffer usage between the USB peripheral and the firmware. This operation is provided by the EP1_OUT_Callback () function (usb_endp.c file). After Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 USB voice speaker demo Note: the end of the copy process, a global variable called IN_Data_Offset is updated by the number of bytes received and copied in the Stream_Buffer. ● Audio Playing Implementation: To play back the audio samples received from the host when using the STM3210BEVAL board, Timer TIM4 is programmed to generate a 125.5 kHz PWM signal and the TIM2 is programmed to generate an interrupt at a frequency equal to 22 kHz. On each TIM2 interrupt one Audio Stream is used to update the pulse of the PWM. A global variable (Out_Data_Offset) is used to point to the next Stream to play in Stream buffer. When the I2S audio peripheral is used in the STM3210E-EVAL board, the Out_Data_Offset variable controls the streaming flow to synchronize the data from the USB with the Stream buffer used by the I2S peripheral. When the DAC peripheral is used in the STM32L152-EVAL board, the Out_Data_Offset variable controls the streaming flow to synchronize the data from the USB with the Stream buffer used by the DAC peripheral. Both “IN_Data_Offset” and “Out_Data_Offset” are initialized to 0 in each Start of frame interrupt (see usb_istr.c file, SOF_Callback() function) to avoid overflowing the “Stream_Buffer”. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 61/85 USB voice speaker demo UM0424 Audio speaker descriptors Table 21. Device descriptors Field Value bLength bDescriptortype bcdUSB bDeviceClass bDeviceSubClass bDeviceProtocol bMaxPacketSize0 idVendor idProduct bcdDevice iManufacturer iProduct iSerialNumber bNumConfigurations 0x12 0x01 0x0200 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x40 0x0483 0x5730 0x0100 0x01 0x02 0x03 0x01 Description Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type (Device descriptor) USB specification Release number: 2.0 Device class Device subclass Device protocol Max packet size of Endpoint 0: 64 bytes; Vendor identifier (STMicroelectronics) Product identifier Device release number: 1.00 Index of the manufacturer string descriptor: 1 Index of the product string descriptor: 2 Index of the serial number string descriptor: 3 Number of possible configurations: 1 Table 22. Configuration descriptors Field Value Description bLength 0x09 Size of this descriptor in bytes bDescriptortype 0x02 Descriptor type (Configuration descriptor) wTotalLength 0x006D Total length (in bytes) of the returned data by this descriptor (including interface endpoint descriptors) bNumInterfaces 0x02 Number of interfaces supported by this configuration (two interfaces) bConfigurationValue 0x01 Configuration value iConfiguration 0x00 Index of the Configuration String descriptor bmAttributes 0x80 Configuration characteristics: Bus powered Maxpower 0x32 Maximum power consumption through USB bus: 100 mA Table 23. Interface descriptors Field Value Description USB speaker standard interface AC descriptor (Interface 0, alternate setting 0) bLength bDescriptortype bInterfaceNumber 0x09 0x04 0x00 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: Interface descriptor Interface number 62/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 USB voice speaker demo Table 23. Interface descriptors (continued) Field Value Description bAlternateSetting bNumEndpoints bInterfaceClass 0x00 0x00 0x01 Alternate setting number Number of used endpoints: 0 (only endpoint 0 is used for this interface) Interface class: USB DEVICE CLASS AUDIO bInterfaceSubClass bInterfaceProtocol 0x01 0x00 Interface subclass: AUDIO SUBCLASS AUDIOCONTROL Interface protocol: AUDIO PROTOCOL UNDEFINED iInterface 0x00 Index of the interface string descriptor USB speaker class-specific AC interface descriptor bLength bDescriptortype bDescriptorSubtype 0x09 0x24 0x01 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Descriptor Subtype: AUDIO CONTROL HEADER bcdADC 0x0100 bcdADC:1.00 wTotalLength bInCollection 0x0027 0x01 Total Length: 39 Number of streaming interfaces: 1 baInterfaceNr 0x01 baInterfaceNr: 1 USB speaker input terminal descriptor bLength bDescriptortype 0x0C 0x24 bDescriptorSubtype bTerminalID 0x02 0x01 Size of this descriptor in bytes: 12 Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Descriptor Subtype: AUDIO CONTROL INPUT TERMINAL Terminal ID: 1 wTerminalType bAssocTerminal 0x0101 0x00 Terminal type: AUDIO TERMINAL USB STREAMING No association bNrChannels 0x01 One channel wChannelConfig iChannelNames 0x0000 0x00 Channel Configuration: MONO Unused iTerminal 0x00 Unused USB speaker audio feature unit descriptor bLength bDescriptortype bDescriptorSubtype 0x09 0x24 0x06 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE DescriptorSubtype: AUDIO CONTROL FEATURE UNIT bUnitID bSourceID 0x02 0x01 Unit ID: 2 Source ID:1 bControlSize bmaControls 0x01 0x0001 Control Size:1 Only the control of the MUTE is supported Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 63/85 USB voice speaker demo UM0424 Table 23. Interface descriptors (continued) Field Value Description iTerminal 0x00 Unused USB speaker output terminal descriptor bLength bDescriptortype 0x09 0x24 bDescriptorSubtype bTerminalID wTerminalType bAssocTerminal bSourceID iTerminal 0x03 0x03 0x0301 0x00 0x02 0x00 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Descriptor subtype: AUDIO CONTROL OUTPUT TERMINAL Terminal ID: 3 Terminal Type: AUDIO TERMINAL SPEAKER No association Source ID:2 Unused USB speaker standard AS interface descriptor - audio streaming zero bandwidth (Interface 1, alternate setting 0) bLength bDescriptortype bInterfaceNumber bAlternateSetting bNumEndpoints bInterfaceClass bInterfaceSubClass bInterfaceProtocol iInterface 0x09 0x24 0x01 0x00 0x00 0x01 0x02 0x00 0x00 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Interface Number: 1 Alternate Setting: 0 not used (zero bandwidth) Interface class: USB DEVICE CLASS AUDIO Interface subclass: AUDIOSTREAMING AUDIO SUBCLASS Interface protocol: AUDIO PROTOCOL UNDEFINED Unused USB speaker standard AS interface descriptor - audio streaming operational (Interface 1, Alternate setting 1) bLength bDescriptortype bInterfaceNumber bAlternateSetting bNumEndpoints bInterfaceClass bInterfaceSubClass bInterfaceProtocol iInterface 0x09 0x24 0x01 0x01 0x01 0x01 0x02 0x00 0x00 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Interface number: 1 Alternate Setting: 1 One Endpoint. Interface class: USB CLASS AUDIO Interface subclass: AUDIOSTREAMING AUDIO SUBCLASS Interface protocol: AUDIO PROTOCOL UNDEFINED Unused 64/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 USB voice speaker demo Table 23. Interface descriptors (continued) Field Value Description USB speaker audio streaming interface descriptor bLength bDescriptortype bInterfaceNumber bAlternateSetting bNumEndpoints wFormatTag 0x07 0x24 0x01 0x01 0x01 0x0002 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Interface number: 1 Alternate Setting: 1 One Endpoint. PCM8 format USB speaker audio type I format interface descriptor bLength bDescriptortype bDescriptorSubtype bFormatType bNrChannels bSubFrameSize bBitResolution bSamFreqType tSamFreq 0x0B 0x24 0x03 0x01 0x01 0x01 0x08 0x01 0x0055F0 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO INTERFACE DESCRIPTOR TYPE Descriptor subtype: AUDIO STREAMING FORMAT TYPE Format type: Type I Number of channels: one channel Subframe size: one byte per audio subframe Bit resolution: 8 bits per sample One frequency supported 22 kHz Table 24. Endpoint descriptors Field Value Description Endpoint 1 - standard descriptor bLength bDescriptortype bEndpointAddress bmAttributes wMaxPacketSize bInterval 0x07 0x05 0x01 0x01 0x0016 0x00 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type (endpoint descriptor) OUT Endpoint address 1. Isochronous Endpoint 22 bytes Unused Endpoint 1 - Audio streaming descriptor bLength bDescriptortype bDescriptor bmAttributes 0x07 0x25 0x01 0x80 Size of this descriptor in bytes Descriptor type: AUDIO ENDPOINT DESCRIPTOR TYPE AUDIO ENDPOINT GENERAL bmAttributes: 0x80 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 65/85 USB voice speaker demo Table 24. Endpoint descriptors (continued) Field Value bLockDelayUnits 0x00 Unused wLockDelay 0x0000 Unused Description UM0424 66/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 10 Device firmware upgrade Device firmware upgrade This demo runs on the following STMicroelectronics evaluation boards, and can be easily tailored to any other hardware: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL ● STM32373C-EVAL ● STM32303C-EVAL ● STM32L152D-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. 10.1 General description This part of the document presents the implementation of a device firmware upgrade (DFU) capability in the STM32 microcontroller. It follows the DFU class specification defined by the USB Implementers Forum for reprogramming an application through USB. The DFU principle is particularly well suited to USB applications that need to be reprogrammed in the field: The same USB connector can be used for both the standard operating mode and the reprogramming process. This operation is made possible by the IAP capability featured by most of the STMicroelectronics USB Flash microcontrollers, which allows a Flash MCU to be reprogrammed by any communication channel. The DFU process, like any other IAP process, is based on the execution of firmware located in one small part of the Flash memory and that manages the erase and program operations of the others Flash memory modules depending on the device capabilities: it could be the main program/Code Flash, data Flash/EEPROM or any other memory connected to the microcontroller even a serial Flash (Through SPI or I2C etc.). Table 25 shows the Flash memory type used by the STM32 DFU demo: Table 25. Flash memory used by DFU Eval board STM3210E-EVAL STM3210B-EVAL STM32303C-EVAL STM32L152D-EVAL STM32L152-EVAL STM32373C-EVAL Flash memory Internal Flash SPI NOR SPI Internal Flash Internal Flash Internal Flash Internal Flash Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 67/85 Device firmware upgrade UM0424 Note: Refer to the UM0412, DfuSe USB device firmware upgrade STMicroelectronics extension, for more details on the driver installation and PC user interface. If the internal Flash memory where the user application is to be programmed is write- or/and read-protected, it is required to first disable the protection prior to using the DFU. 10.2 10.2.1 10.2.2 DFU extension protocol Introduction The DFU class uses the USB as a communication channel between the microcontroller and the programming tool, generally a PC host. The DFU class specification states that, all the commands, status and data exchanges have to be performed through Control Endpoint 0. The command set, as well as the basic protocol are also defined, but the higher level protocol (Data format, error message etc.) remain vendor-specific. This means that the DFU class does not define the format of the data transferred (.s19, .hex, pure binary etc.). Because it is impractical for a device to concurrently perform both DFU operations and its normal runtime activities, those normal activities must cease for the duration of the DFU operations. Doing so means that the device must change its operating mode; that is, a printer is not a printer while it is undergoing a firmware upgrade; it is a Flash/Memory programmer. However, a device that supports DFU is not capable of changing its mode of operation on its own volition. External (human or host operating system) intervention is required. Phases There are four distinct phases required to accomplish a firmware upgrade: 1. Enumeration The device informs the host of its capabilities. A DFU class-interface descriptor and associated functional descriptor embedded within the device’s normal run-time descriptors serve this purpose and provide a target for class-specific requests over the control pipe. 2. DFU enumeration The host and the device agree to initiate a firmware upgrade. The host issues a USB reset to the device, and the device then exports a second set of descriptors in preparation for the Transfer phase. This deactivates the run-time device drivers associated with the device and allows the DFU driver to reprogram the device’s firmware unhindered by any other communications traffic targeting the device. 3. Transfer The host transfers the firmware image to the device. The parameters specified in the functional descriptor are used to ensure correct block sizes and timing for programming the non-volatile memories. Status requests are employed to maintain synchronization between the host and the device. 4. Manifestation Once the device reports to the host that it has completed the reprogramming operations, the host issues a USB reset to the device. The device re-enumerates and executes the upgraded firmware. To ensure that only the DFU driver is loaded, it is considered necessary to change the idProduct field of the device when it enumerates the DFU descriptor set. This ensures that the 68/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Device firmware upgrade 10.2.3 DFU driver will be loaded in cases where the operating system simply matches the vendor ID and product ID to a specific driver. Requests A number of DFU class-specific requests are needed to accomplish the upgrade operations. Table 26 summarizes the DFU class-specific requests. Table 26. Summary of DFU class-specific requests bmRequest bRequest wValue wIndex 00100001b DFU_DETACH (0) wTimeout Interface 00100001b DFU_DNLOAD (1) wBlockNum Interface 10100001b DFU_UPLOAD (2) wBlockNum Interface 10100001b 00100001b DFU_GETSTATUS(3) DFU_CLRSTATUS (4) Zero Zero Interface Interface 10100001b DFU_GETSTATE (5) Zero Interface 00100001b DFU_ABORT (6) Zero Interface wLength Zero Length Length 6 Zero 1 Zero Data None Firmware Firmware Status None State None For additional information about these requests, please refer to the DFU Class specification. 10.3 10.3.1 Note: DFU mode selection The host should be able to enumerate a device with DFU capability in two ways: ● As a single device with only DFU capability ● As a composite device: HID, Mass storage, or any functional class, and with DFU capability. During the enumeration phase, the device exposes two distinct and independent descriptor sets, each one at the appropriate time: ● Run-time descriptor set: shown when the device performs normal operations ● DFU mode descriptor set: shown when host and device agree to perform DFU operations Run-time descriptor set During normal run-time operation, the device exposes its normal set of descriptors plus two additional descriptors: ● Run-time DFU interface descriptor ● Run-time DFU functional descriptor The number of interfaces in each configuration descriptor that supports the DFU must be incremented by one to accommodate the addition of the DFU interface descriptor. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 69/85 Device firmware upgrade UM0424 10.3.2 DFU mode descriptor set After the host and the device agree to perform DFU operations, the host re-enumerates the device. At this time the device exports the descriptor set shown below: ● DFU Mode Device descriptor ● DFU Mode Configuration descriptor ● DFU Mode Interface descriptor ● DFU Mode Functional descriptor: identical to the Run-Time DFU Functional descriptor DFU mode device descriptor This descriptor is only present in the DFU mode descriptor set. Table 27. DFU mode device descriptor Offset Field Size Value Description 0 bLength 1 0x12 Size of this descriptor, in bytes. 1 bDescriptorType 1 0x01 DEVICE descriptor type. 2 bcdUSB 2 0x0100 USB specification release number in binary coded decimal. 4 bDeviceClass 1 0x00 See interface. 5 bDeviceSubClass 1 0x00 See interface. 6 bDeviceProtocol 1 0x00 See interface. 7 bMaxPacketSize0 1 8,16,32,64 Maximum packet size for endpoint zero. 8 idVendor 1 0x0483 Vendor ID 10 idProduct 0xDF11 Product ID 12 bcdDevice 0x011A Version of the STMicroelectronics DFU ExtensionSpecification release 14 iManufacturer 15 iProduct 16 iSerialNumber 17 bNumbConfigurations Index Index Index 0x01 Index of string descriptor. Index of string descriptor. Index of string descriptor. One configuration only for DFU. DFU mode configuration descriptor This descriptor is identical to the standard configuration descriptor described in the USB specification version 1.0, with the exception that the bInterfaceNum field must contain the value 0x01. 70/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Device firmware upgrade DFU mode interface descriptor This is the descriptor for the only interface available when operating in DFU mode. Therefore, the value of the bInterfaceNumber field is always zero. Table 28. DFU mode interface descriptor Offset Field Size Value Description 0 bLength 1 1 bDescriptorType 1 2 bInterfaceNumber 1 3 bAlternateSetting 1 4 bNumEndpoints 1 5 bInterfaceClass 1 6 bInterfaceSubClass 1 7 bInterfaceProtocol 1 8 iInterface 1 0x09 Size of this descriptor, in bytes. 0x04 INTERFACE descriptor type. 0x00 Number of this interface. Number Alternate setting 0x00 Only the control pipe is used. 0xFE Application Specific Class Code 0x01 Device Firmware Upgrade Code 0x00 The device does not use a class-specific protocol on this interface Index Index of string descriptor for this interface There is an STMicroelectronics implementation for Alternate settings with a corresponding string descriptor set, which is not specified by the standard DFU specification in Section 10.2.3: Requests. Alternate settings have to be used to access additional memory segments and other memories (Flash memory, RAM, EEPROM) which may or may not be physically implemented in the CPU memory mapping, such as external serial SPI Flash memory or external NOR/NAND Flash memory. In this case, each alternate setting employs a string descriptor to indicate the target memory segment as shown below: @Target Memory Name/Start Address/Sector(1)_Count*Sector(1)_Size Sector(1)_Type,Sector(2)_Count*Sector(2)_SizeSector(2)_Type,... ...,Sector(n)_Count*Sector(n)_SizeSector(n)_Type Another example, for STM32 Flash microcontroller, is shown below: @Internal Flash /0x08000000/12*001 Ka,116*001 Kg" in case of STM3210B-EVAL board. @Internal Flash /0x08000000/6*002 Ka,250*002 Kg" in case of STM3210E-EVAL board. @Internal Flash /0x08000000/48*256 Ka,464*256 Kg" in case of STM32L152-EVAL board. @Internal Flash /0x08000000/48*256 Ka,1488*256 Kg" in case of STM32L152D-EVAL board. @Internal Flash /0x08000000/12*001 Ka,116*001 Kg" in case of STM32373C-EVAL and STM32303C-EVAL boards. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 71/85 Device firmware upgrade UM0424 Note: Each Alternate setting string descriptor must follow this memory mapping so that the PC Host Software can decode the right mapping for the selected device: ● @: To detect that this is a special mapping descriptor (to avoid decoding standard descriptor) ● /: for separator between zones ● Maximum 8 digits per address starting by “0x” ● /: for separator between zones ● Maximum of 2 digits for the number of sectors ● *: For separator between number of sectors and sector size ● Maximum 3 digits for sector size between 0 and 999 ● 1 digit for the sector size multiplier. Valid entries are: B (byte), K (Kilo), M (Mega) ● 1 digit for the sector type as follows: – a (0x41): Readable – b (0x42): Erasable – c (0x43): Readable and Erasabled (0x44): Writeable – e (0x45): Readable and Writeable – f (0x46): Erasable and Writeable – g (0x47): Readable, Erasable and Writeable If the target memory is not contiguous, the user can add the new sectors to be decoded just after a slash"/" as shown in the following example: "@Flash /0xF000/1*4Ka/0xE000/1*4Kg/0x8000/2*24Kg" 72/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Device firmware upgrade DFU functional descriptor This descriptor is identical for both the runtime and the DFU mode descriptor sets. Table 29. DFU functional descriptor Offset Field Size Value Description 0 bLength 1 0x09 Size of this descriptor, in bytes. 1 bDescriptorType 1 0x21 DFU FUNCTIONAL descriptor type. DFU attributes: – Bit7: if bit1 is set, the device will have an accelerated upload speed of 4096 byes per upload command (bitCanAccelerate) 0: No 1:Yes – Bits 6:4: reserved – Bit 3: device will perform a bus detach-attach sequence when it receives a DFU_DETACH request. 0 = no 1 = yes 2 bmAttributes 1 0x00 Note: The host must not issue a USB Reset. (bitWillDetach) – Bit 2: device is able to communicate via USB after Manifestation phase (bitManifestation tolerant) 0 = no, must see bus reset 1 = yes – Bit 1: upload capable (bitCanUpload) 0 = no 1 = yes – Bit 0: download capable (bitCanDnload) 0 = no 1 = yes Time, in milliseconds, that the device waits after receipt of the DFU_DETACH request. If this time elapses without a USB reset, then the device 3 wDetachTimeOut 2 Number terminates the Reconfiguration phase and reverts to normal operation. This represents the maximum time that the device can wait (depending on its timers, etc.). The host may specify a shorter timeout in the DFU_DETACH request. Maximum number of bytes that the device can accept 5 wTransferSize 2 Number per control-write transaction: wTransferSize depends on the firmware implementation on each MCU. 7 bcdDFUVersion 2 0x011A Version of the STMicroelectronics DFU ExtensionSpecification release. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 73/85 Device firmware upgrade UM0424 10.4 Note: Reconfiguration phase Once the operator has identified the device and supplied the filename, the host and the device must negotiate to perform the upgrade. 1. The host issues a DFU_DETACH request to Control Endpoint EP0. 2. The host issues a USB reset to the device. This USB reset is not possible on some PC Host OS versions. To bypass this issue, the USB reset is performed by the MCU depending on the corresponding implementation. 3. The device enumerates with the DFU Mode descriptor set, as described above. Some Device application may not be using USB in their run-time mode such as a Motor control application or security system, and USB may be used only for memory upgrade. Those devices are called non-USB application in the scope of this document and the above sequences are not applicable. Non-USB applications have to carry out the right procedure to enter the DFU mode. This can be done simply by plugging the USB cable or by jumping to the DFU firmware code while performing an USB reset so that the device would enumerate with the DFU descriptor set. 10.5 10.5.1 Transfer phase The transfer phase begins after the device has processed the USB reset and exported the DFU Mode descriptor set. Both downloads and uploads of firmware can take place during this phase. This transfer phase consists of a succession of DFU requests according to the state diagram described in the following sections. Requests A number of DFU class-specific requests are needed to accomplish the upgrade/upload operations. Table 30 summarizes these requests. Table 30. Summary of DFU upgrade/upload requests bmRequest bRequest wValue wIndex 00100001b DFU_DNLOAD (1) wBlockNum Interface 10100001b DFU_UPLOAD (2) wBlockNum Interface 10100001b DFU_GETSTATUS(3) Zero Interface 00100001b DFU_CLRSTATUS (4) Zero Interface 10100001b 00100001b DFU_GETSTATE (5) DFU_ABORT (6) Zero Zero Interface Interface wLength Length Length 6 Zero 1 Zero Data Firmware Firmware Status None State None For additional information about these requests, please refer to the DFU Class specification. 74/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Device firmware upgrade 10.5.2 Special command/protocol descriptions In order to support all features (Address decoding and Memory block to erase, etc.) of the DFU Extension implementation from STMicroelectronics, a few format rules are added to the DFU_DNLOAD request. They are defined as shown in Table 31. Table 31. Special command descriptions Command Request wBlockNum wLength Data Get Commands DFU_DNLOAD 0 1 0x00 Set Address Pointer DFU_DNLOAD 0 5 0x21, Address (4bytes) Erase Sector containing address DFU_DNLOAD 0 5 0x41, Address (4bytes) Note: This new custom DFU implements only three supported basic commands: ● Get commands Byte0 = 0x00, then no additional bytes. The next DFU_UPLOAD request with wBlockNum = 0 should give the supported commands. The maximum size of the supported commands buffer is 256 bytes, and the buffer must support the following commands: – 0x00 (Get Commands) – 0x21 (Set Address Pointer) – 0x41 (Erase Sector containing address) ● Set Address Pointer Byte0 = 0x21, then 4 bytes containing the address Pointer from which the Blocks will be downloaded or uploaded starting from the next DFU_DNLOAD or DFU_UPLOAD request with wBlockNum >1. ● Erase Sector containing address Byte0 = 0x41, then 4 bytes containing a valid address contained in a memory sector to be erased and as already exported by the string descriptors of the Alternate settings. wBlockNum = 1 for both DFU_DNLOAD and DFU_UPLOAD requests, is reserved for future use by STMicroelectronics. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 75/85 Device firmware upgrade UM0424 10.5.3 DFU state diagram Figure 21 summarizes the DFU interface states and the transitions between them. The events that rigger state transitions can be thought of as arriving on multiple “input tapes” as in the classic Turing machine concept. Figure 21. Interface state transition diagram Note:  APP)$,% $&5?$%4!#( $ETACHTIMEOUT  APP $%4!#( !PPLICATION0ROGRAM-ODE -#52ESET 53"2ESET $&5MODE SELECTED  DFU%22/2 %22/2 !NYSTATE EXCEPT OR #ORRUPT&IRMWARE -#5RESET $&5?50,/!$ $&5?#,234!453 2E ENUMERATION STATE      $&5?!"/24  DFU50,/!$ 39.# $&5?50,/!$ SHORT&RAME $&5?50,/!$ $&5?'%434!453   DFU)$,% $&5?$.,/!$ W,ENGTH DFU$.,/!$ BIT#AN$NLOAD 39.#  DFU$. "539 3TATUS0OLL4IMEOUT $&5?'%434!453 $&5?$.,/!$ -ANIFESTCOMPLETE W,ENGTH "IT-ANIFESTATION4OLERANT $&5?'%434!453 "LOCKCOMPLETE $&5?$.,/!$ W,ENGTH  DFU-!.)& %34 39.#  $&5?$.,/!$ DFU$.,/ W,ENGTH !$ )$,% $&5?'%434!453 3TATUS0OLL4IMEOUT -ANIFESTINPROGRESS BIT-ANFESTATION4OLERANT   DFU-!.)& 3TATUS0OLL4IMEOUT %34 7!)4 2%3%4 "IT-ANIFESTATION4OLERANT DFU-!.)& %34 3TATE       3TATE     $&5?'%434!4% $&5?'%434!453 AI The state transition diagram shown in Figure 21 is almost the same as that defined in the DFU Class specification (Fig A1 page 28), with the exception of the new transition from state 2 to state 6, which is additional and may or not be implemented in the device firmware. 76/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Device firmware upgrade 10.5.4 10.5.5 Downloading and uploading The host slices the firmware image file into N pieces and sends them to the device by means of control-write operations in the default endpoint (Endpoint 0). The maximum number of bytes that the device can accept per control-write transaction is specified in the wTransferSize field of the DFU Functional Descriptor. There are several possible download mechanisms depending on the MCU device memory mapping and the Type of the memory (that is Readable, Erasable, Writeable or a combination). The most generic mechanism is described below, where we have a readable, erasable and writeable sector of memory: ● In addition to the data collected after the enumeration phase about the whole memory mapping, the device capabilities etc., the Host starts to send a GetCommands command in order to know additional device capabilities and which commands are supported by the DFU implementation. ● The host sends an Erase Sector Containing Address command using a DFU_DNLOAD request with wBlockNum = 0 and wLength = 5. At this stage, the device erases the memory block where the address sent by the host is located. After the erase operation, the DFU firmware is able to write application data into the erased block. ● The host begins by sending the Set Address Pointer command using a DFU_DNLOAD request with wBlockNum = 0 and wLength = 5. This address pointer is saved in the device RAM as an Absolute Offset. ● The host continues to send the N pieces to the device by means of DFU_DNLOAD requests with wBlockNum starting from 2 and with the maximum number of bytes that the device can accept per control-write transaction specified in the wTransferSize field of the DFU Functional Descriptor. So the last data written into the memory will be located at device address: Absolute Offset + (wBlockNum – 2) × wTransferSize + wLength, where wBlockNum and wLength are the parameters of the last DFU_DNLOAD request. If the Host wants to upload the memory data for verification, or to retrieve and archive a device firmware, by definition the reverse of a Download is performed: 1. The host begins by sending a Set Address Pointer command using a DFU_DNLOAD request with wBlockNum = 0 and wLength = 5. This address pointer is saved in the device RAM as an Absolute Offset. 2. The host continues to send N DFU_UPLOAD requests with wBlockNum starting from 2 and with the maximum number of bytes that the device can accept per control-write transaction specified in the wTransferSize field of the DFU Functional Descriptor if bitCanAccelerate = 0. If bitCanAccelerate = 1 in the DFU Functional Descriptor, the value in the wTransferSize field is fixed to 0x4096 bytes. So the last data retrieved from the memory will be located at device address: Absolute Offset + (wBlockNum – 2) × wTransferSize + wLength, where wBlockNum and wLength are the parameters of the last DFU_UPLOAD request. Manifestation phase After the transfer phase completes, the device is ready to execute the new firmware. This is achieved by performing a USB reset to re-enumerate the device in normal run-time operation. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 77/85 Device firmware upgrade UM0424 10.6 10.6.1 Note: 10.6.2 10.6.3 STM32 DFU implementation Supported memories For the STM32 the DFU implementation supports the following memories: ● Internal Flash memory: the first pages are reserved for the DFU (read-only pages) and the remaining pages can be programmed by the DFU (application zone): – For the STM3210B-EVAL, STM32373C-EVAL and STM32303C-EVAL boards, the first 12 pages are read-only, and the remaining 116 pages are in the application zone. – For the STM3210E-EVAL board, the first 6 pages are read-only, and the remaining 250 pages are in the application zone. – For the STM32L152-EVAL board, the first 48 pages are read-only, and the remaining 464 pages are in the application zone. – For the STM32L152D-EVAL board, the first 48 pages are read-only, and the remaining 1488 pages are in the application zone. ● External serial Flash memory (M25P64): consists of 128 sectors of 64 Kbytes each. ● NOR Flash memory (M29W128): consists of 256 blocks of 64 Kbytes each. This memory is supported only by the STM3210E-EVAL board. To create a DFU image for the internal Flash memory select the Alternate Setting 00 in the DFU file Manager. To create a DFU image for the external serial Flash memory, select the Alternate Setting 01 in the DFU file Manager. To create a DFU image for the NORFlash memory, select the Alternate Setting 02 in the DFU file Manager. DFU mode entry mechanism For the STM32 the DFU mode is entered after an MCU reset if: ● The DFU mode is forced by the user: the user presses the key push-button (or joystick Up push-button for STM32L152-EVAL board) after a reset. ● There is no correct code available in the application area: before jumping to the application code, the DFU code tests if there is a correct top-of-stack address in the first address in the application area of the internal Flash memory (for the STM32 the first application address is 0x0800 3000). This is done by reading the value of the first application address and verifying if the MSB half-word is equal to 0x2000 (base address of the RAM area in the STM32). DFU firmware architecture The DFU application is built around the DFU core which handles the DFU protocol and the medium access layer (MAL). The MAL is like an abstraction layer between the DFU core and the different medium drivers. The MAL uses the base address of each medium to dispatch the write, read and erase operations to the addressed medium. 78/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Device firmware upgrade Figure 22. DFU firmware architecture 3YSTEMCONFIGURATION $&5APPLICATION 53" &3 $EVICELIBRARY -EDIUMACCESSLAYER )NTERNAL&LASHIFLAYER ./2&LASHIFLAYER 30)&LASHIFLAYER AIB 10.6.4 10.6.5 Available DFU image for the STM32 The available DFU images in the STM32 USB development kit are: ● Joystick Mouse Demo ● Custom HID Demo ● Mass Storage Demo ● Composite Example ● CDC_LoopBack ● Virtual COM Demo ● Audio Speaker Demo (for the STM3210B-EVAL, STM3210E-EVAL and STM32L152-EVAL evaluation boards) Creating a DFU image Two steps are needed to create a DFU image: 1. Create a binary image from one of the available USB demo projects by adjusting the Flash memory base to 0x0800 3000 and by setting the vector table at the top of the Flash memory space 0x0800 3000. 2. Using the DFU file manager provided with the DFU demo package, generate the DFU file by setting target ID to 0 (internal Flash) and the start address to 0x0800 3000. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 79/85 Composite example 11 Composite example UM0424 This demo runs on the following STMicroelectronics evaluation boards, and can be easily tailored to any other hardware: ● STM3210B-EVAL ● STM3210E-EVAL ● STM32L152-EVAL ● STM32373C-EVAL ● STM32303C-EVAL ● STM32L152D-EVAL To select the STMicroelectronics evaluation board used to run the demo, uncomment the corresponding line in the platform_config.h file. 11.1 General description A composite device is defined in the USB specification as follows: "A device that has multiple interfaces controlled independently of each other is referred to as a composite device." For more details on composite devices, please refer to “usb_20.pdf 5.2.3”, which is available on the usb.org website. When using such devices, multiple functions are combined into a single device. In this example, the independent interfaces are Mass Storage (MSC) and HID. The host can see all these available functions simultaneously, and assigns a separate device driver to each Interface of the composite device as shown in Figure 23. Figure 23. USB composite device with two interface functions Composite Device HOST PC Function 0 HID: Interface Number 0 Device Driver 0 Function 1 MSC: Interface Number 1 Device Driver 1 MSv31509V1 80/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Composite example 11.2 Architecture This example was created by combining the code in the Custom HID and USB MSC example projects. Starting from the Custom HID example, a new interface and Endpoint (EP2) descriptor were added for mass storage, and the total length in the configuration descriptor was modified. The control endpoint (endpoint 0) is shared by all functions. Each function has one interface. The block diagram in Figure 24 shows the architecture of the HID MSC composite example. Figure 24. HID MSC composite architecture HOST 11.3 HID Interrupt IN EP1 Interrupt OUT EP1 Interface Number 0 Endpoint 0 Device MSC BULK IN EP2 BULK OUT EP2 Interface Number 1 MSv31510V1 USB device descriptor bNumInterfaces tells the host how many interfaces the device uses. An interface is a point of contact where the host and the device exchange data. This demo uses two interfaces in all. Figure 25 shows how the USB descriptor was changed in the project to add another MSC interface: Figure 25. USB device descriptor Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 MSv31511V1 81/85 Composite example UM0424 Note: After modifying the number of interfaces, the interface’s descriptor of a Mass Storage application is added. When even one of the device’s interface classes is changed, Windows should handle it differently. However, Windows doesn't recognize the modification. To avoid conflict on Windows, assign another VID/PID to the device (idProduct = 0x5750), or delete the device instance from the device manager. 11.4 Running the demo When attaching a device to the STM32 eval board, the composite appears in the device manager window, as shown in Figure 26. You can now use your board as a removable disk and for custom HID applications. You can see two applications appear in the device manager, each of which can be used in stand alone mode.This is the purpose of the composite device. 1. USB Mass Storage (removable disk): a new removable disk appears, and write, read and format operations can be performed as with any other removable drive. Refer to Chapter 6: Mass storage demo for more information. 2. HID device: refer to Chapter 5: Custom HID demo. Figure 26. STM32 device enumerated as composite 82/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 MSv31512V1 UM0424 12 Revision history Revision history Table 32. Document revision history Date Revision Changes 28-May-2007 1 Initial release. 04-Oct-2007 Evaluation board name corrected. Reference to UM0412 added to 2 Section 10: Device firmware upgrade. Note added in Section 6.2: Mass storage demo overview. 22-May-2008 3 STM3210E-EVAL added, user manual updated accordingly. Small text changes. 30-May-2008 Section 1.5.2: Tusb_desc (.h, .c) on page 21 and Section 5: Custom HID demo on page 30 added. 4 Section 4: Joystick mouse demo on page 27 modified. Section 10.6: STM32 DFU implementation on page 78 modified. Section 6.4.8: Medium access management on page 44 added. 13-Jun-2008 03-Apr-2009 5 Caution: on page 45 reference to firmware license agreement removed. 6 USB replaced by USB-FS_Device. STM32 Firmware Library upgraded to the standard peripheral library. 07-May-2009 10-Nov-2009 31-May-2010 7 Corrupted pdf version replaced. Added support for OTG full-speed device peripherals. Introduction modified. Section 3.1: USB application hierarchy and Section 3.2: USBFS_Device peripheral interface modified. Enhancement of the library architecture. GetEPAdress modified in Endpoint register functions. 8 Section 10.6.5: Creating a DFU image modified. Section 6.2: Mass storage demo overview modified. Figure 14: Device manager window modified. Section 8: USB audio streaming demo added. BYTE replaced by uint8_t, WORD replaced by uint16_t. Small text changes. 9 Modified Section 3.3.2: usb_core (.h , .c) on page 17 (device property structure) and Section 3.4.1: usb_conf(.h) on page 22 31-Mar-2011 Updated title and document from "STM32F10xx" to "STM32" to take 10 into account support for the STM32L152-EVAL evaluation boards for STM32L15xx devices. Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 83/85 Revision history UM0424 Table 32. Document revision history (continued) Date Revision Changes 26-Jun-2012 20-Dec-2012 11 Added references to STM32L152D-EVAL board. Section “Device firmware upgrade” moved. Removed support for the OTG full-speed device peripheral. Removed support for STM32F105/F107. Added references to the STM32373C-EVAL and STM32303C-EVAL boards. Modified Section 5.1: General description and Section 5.3.1: LED control. Modified Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 9, Figure 12 and Figure 25. Removed the chapter USB audio streaming demo. Changed name of CDC_Loopback chapter to Chapter 8: 12 VirtualComport_Loopback. Added Chapter 11: Composite example. Added the following tables: – Table 2: Reference manual name related to each STM32 device – Table 3: User manual name related to each evaluation board – Table 10: Key push button assignment – Table 11: Eval board memory support – Table 20: USART connector number for each evaluation board – Table 25: Flash memory used by DFU 84/85 Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 UM0424 Please Read Carefully: Information in this document is provided solely in connection with ST products. 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UNLESS EXPRESSLY APPROVED IN WRITING BY TWO AUTHORIZED ST REPRESENTATIVES, ST PRODUCTS ARE NOT RECOMMENDED, AUTHORIZED OR WARRANTED FOR USE IN MILITARY, AIR CRAFT, SPACE, LIFE SAVING, OR LIFE SUSTAINING APPLICATIONS, NOR IN PRODUCTS OR SYSTEMS WHERE FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION MAY RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY, DEATH, OR SEVERE PROPERTY OR ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE. ST PRODUCTS WHICH ARE NOT SPECIFIED AS "AUTOMOTIVE GRADE" MAY ONLY BE USED IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS AT USER’S OWN RISK. Resale of ST products with provisions different from the statements and/or technical features set forth in this document shall immediately void any warranty granted by ST for the ST product or service described herein and shall not create or extend in any manner whatsoever, any liability of ST. ST and the ST logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of ST in various countries. Information in this document supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics. All other names are the property of their respective owners. © 2012 STMicroelectronics - All rights reserved STMicroelectronics group of companies Australia - Belgium - Brazil - Canada - China - Czech Republic - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong - India - Israel - Italy - Japan - Malaysia - Malta - Morocco - Philippines - Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - United Kingdom - United States of America www.st.com Doc ID 13465 Rev 12 85/85

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