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ETM25E-01ç ç ç ç ç ç ç ç Application Manual Real Time Clock Module RX-8025T ççççççççççççççççç NOTICE • The material is subject to change without notice. • Any part of this material may not be reproduced or duplicated in any form or any means without the written permission of Epson Toyocom. • The information, applied circuit, program, usage etc., written in this material is just for reference. Epson Toyocom does not assume any liability for the occurrence of infringing any patent or copyright of a third party. This material does not authorize the licensing for any patent or intellectual copyrights. • Any product described in this material may contain technology or the subject relating to strategic products under the control of the Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law of Japan and may require an export licence from the Ministry of International Trade and industry or other approval from another government agency. • You are requested not to use the products (and any technical information furnished, if any) for the development and/or manufacture of weapon of mass destruction or for other military purposes. You are also requested that you would not make the products available to any third party who may use the products for such prohibited purposes. • These products are intended for general use in electronic equipment. When using them in specific applications that require extremely high reliability such as applications stated below, it is required to obtain the permission from Epson Toyocom in advance. / Space equipment (artificial satellites, rockets, etc) / Transportation vehicles and related (automobiles, aircraft, trains, vessels, etc) / Medical instruments to sustain life / Submarine transmitters / Power stations and related / Fire work equipment and security equipment / traffic control equipment / and others requiring equivalent reliability. • In this manual for Epson Tyocom, product code and marking will still remain as previously identified prior to the merger.Due to the on going strategy of gradual unification of part numbers, please review product code and marking as they will change during the course of the coming months. We apologize for the inconvenience, but we will eventually have a unified part numbering system for Epson Toyocom which will be user friendly. RX - 8025T Contents 1. Overview...................................................................................................................1 2. Block Diagram ........................................................................................................1 3. Terminal description .............................................................................................2 3.1. Terminal connections ........................................................................................................ 2 3.2. Pin Functions....................................................................................................................... 2 4. Absolute Maximum Ratings ...............................................................................3 5. Recommended Operating Conditions ............................................................3 6. Frequency Characteristics ..................................................................................3 7. Electrical Characteristics.....................................................................................4 7.1. DC Characteristics ............................................................................................................. 4 7.2. AC Characteristics.............................................................................................................. 5 8. Use Methods ...........................................................................................................6 8.1. Overview of Functions....................................................................................................... 6 8.2. Description of Registers.................................................................................................... 7 8.3. Fixed-cycle Timer Interrupt Function ........................................................................... 14 8.4. Time Update Interrupt Function .................................................................................... 17 8.5. Alarm Interrupt Function ................................................................................................. 19 8.6. Reading/Writing Data via the I2C Bus Interface........................................................ 22 8.7. Backup and Recovery ..................................................................................................... 26 8.8. Connection with Typical Microcontroller ..................................................................... 27 8.9. When used as a clock source (32 kHz-TCXO) ......................................................... 27 9. External Dimensions / Marking Layout.........................................................28 9.1. External dimensions ........................................................................................................ 28 9.2. Marking layout ................................................................................................................... 28 10. Application notes ...............................................................................................29 10.1. Notes on handling .......................................................................................................... 29 10.2. Notes on packaging....................................................................................................... 29 RX – 8025T I2C-Bus Interface Real-time Clock Module RX − 8025T • Features built-in 32.768 kHz DTCXO, High Stability. • Supports I2C-Bus's high speed mode (400 kHz) • Alarm interrupt function for day, date, hour, and minute settings • Fixed-cycle timer interrupt function • Time update interrupt function (Seconds, minutes) • 32.768 kHz output with OE function (FOE and FOUT pins) • Auto correction of leap years (from 2000 to 2099) • Wide interface voltage range: 1.6 V to 5.5 V • Wide time-keeping voltage range: 1.2 V to 5.5 V • Low current consumption: 0.8µA / 3 V (Typ.) The I2C-BUS is a trademark of NXP Semiconductors. 1. Overview This module is an I2C bus interface-compliant real-time clock which includes a 32.768 kHz DTCXO. In addition to providing a calendar (year, month, date, day, hour, minute, second) function and a clock counter function, this module provides an abundance of other functions including an alarm function, fixed-cycle timer function, time update interrupt function, and 32.768 kHz output function. The devices in this module are fabricated via a C-MOS process for low current consumption, which enables long-term battery back-up. All of these many functions are implemented in a SOP package. 2. Block Diagram 32.768 kHz 32kHz DTCXO FOUT FOE / INT SCL SDA DIVIDER FOUT CONTROLLER INTERRUPT CONTROLLER I2C-BUS INTERFACE CIRCUIT CLOCK and CALENDAR TIMER REGISTER ALARM REGISTER CONTROL REGISTER and SYSTEM CONTROLLER Page - 1 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 3. Terminal description 3.1. Terminal connections 1. T1 (CE) 2. SCL 3. FOUT 4. N.C. 5. TEST 6. VDD 7. FOE 3.2. Pin Functions Signal name I/O RX − 8025T SOP − 14pin 14. N.C. 13. SDA 12. T2 (VPP) 11. GND 10. / INT 9. N.C. 8. N.C. Function T1(CE) SCL FOUT TEST VDD FOE / INT GND T2(VPP) SDA N.C. Input Input Output Input − Input Output − − I/O − * Use by the manufacture for testing. ( Do not connect externally.) This is the serial clock input pin for I2C Bus communications. This is the C-MOS output pin with output control provided via the FOE pin. When FOE = "H" (high level), this pin outputs a 32.768 kHz signal. When output is stopped, the FOUT pin = "Hi-Z"( high impedance ). * Use by the manufacture for testing. ( Do not connect externally.) This pin is connected to a positive power supply. This is an input pin used to control the output mode of the FOUT pin. When this pin's level is high, the FOUT pin is in output mode. When it is low, output via the FOUT pin is stopped. This pins is used to output alarm signals, timer signals, time update signals, and other signals. This pin is an open drain pin. This pin is connected to a ground. * Use by the manufacture for testing. ( Do not connect externally.) This pin's signal is used for input and output of address, data, and ACK bits, synchronized with the serial clock used for I2C communications. Since the SDA pin is an N-ch open drain pin during output, be sure to connect a suitable pull-up resistance relative to the signal line capacity. This pin is not connected to the internal IC. Leave N.C. pins open or connect them to GND or VDD. Note: Be sure to connect a bypass capacitor rated at least 0.1 µF between VDD and GND. Page - 2 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 4. Absolute Maximum Ratings Item Symbol Condition Supply voltage VDD Input voltage (1) VIN1 Input voltage (2) VIN2 Between VDD and GND FOE pin SCL and SDA pins Output voltage (1) VOUT1 FOUT pin Output voltage (2) VOUT2 SDA and /INT pins Storage temperature TSTG When stored separately, without packaging Rating −0.3 to +6.5 GND−0.3 to VDD+0.3 GND−0.3 to +6.5 GND−0.3 to VDD+0.3 GND−0.3 to +6.5 −55 to +125 GND = 0 V Unit V V V V V °C 5. Recommended Operating Conditions Item Symbol Condition Operating supply voltage Temp. compensation voltage Clock supply voltage Operating temperature VDD VTEM VCLK TOPR Interface voltage Temperature compensation voltage − No condensation Min. 1.6 2.2 1.6 −40 Typ. 3.0 3.0 3.0 +25 Max. 5.5 5.5 5.5 +85 GND = 0 V Unit V V V °C 6. Frequency Characteristics Item Symbol Condition Frequency stability Ta = 0 to +50 ºC, VDD = 3.0 V ∆f /f Ta = −40 to +85 ºC, VDD = 3.0 V Rating ± 3.8 (∗1) ± 5.0 (∗2) GND = 0 V Unit × 10-6 Frequency/voltage characteristics Oscillation start time f /V Ta = +25 °C, VDD = 2.2 V to 5.5 V Ta = +25 °C, VDD = 1.6 V tSTA Ta = −40 to +85 ºC, VDD = 1.6 V to 5.5 V Aging fa Ta = +25 °C, VDD = 3.0 V, first year * 1 ) Equivalent to 10 seconds of month deviation. *2 ) Equivalent to 13 seconds of month deviation. ± 1.0 Max. 1.0 Max. 3.0 Max. ± 3 Max. × 10-6 /V s × 10−6 / year Page - 3 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 7. Electrical Characteristics 7.1. DC Characteristics Item Symbol Current consumption (1) IDD1 Current consumption (2) IDD2 Current consumption (3) IDD3 Current consumption (4) IDD4 Current consumption (5) IDD5 Current consumption (6) IDD6 Current consumption (7) IDD7 Current consumption (8) IDD8 Current consumption (9) IDD9 Current consumption (10) IDD10 High-level input voltage VIH Low-level input voltage High-level output voltage Low-level output voltage Input leakage current Output leakage current VIL VOH1 VOH2 VOH3 VOL1 VOL2 VOL3 VOL4 VOL5 VOL6 ILK IOZ *Unless otherwise specified, GND = 0 V, VDD = 1.6 V to 5.5 V, Ta = −40 °C to +85 °C Condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit fSCL = 0 Hz, / INT = VDD FOE = GND FOUT : output OFF ( High Z ) Compensation interval 2.0 s VDD = 5 V VDD = 3 V 1.2 3.4 µA 0.8 2.1 fSCL = 0 Hz, / INT = VDD FOE = GND FOUT :32.768 kHz, CL =0pF Compensation interval 2.0 s VDD = 5 V VDD = 3 V 3.0 7.5 µA 2.0 5.0 fSCL = 0 Hz, / INT = VDD FOE = GND FOUT :32.768 kHz, CL =30pF Compensation interval 2.0 s VDD = 5 V VDD = 3 V 8.0 20.0 µA 5.0 12.0 fSCL = 0 Hz, / INT = VDD FOE = GND FOUT : output OFF ( High Z ) Compensation OFF VDD = 5 V VDD = 3 V 1.15 2.95 µA 0.72 1.85 fSCL = 0 Hz, / INT = VDD FOE = GND FOUT : output OFF ( High Z ) Compensation ON ( peak ) VDD = 5 V VDD = 3 V 430 900 µA 180 350 FOE pin SCL and SDA pins FOE pin SCL and SDA pins VDD=5 V, IOH=−1 mA FOUT pin VDD=3 V, IOH=−1 mA VDD=3 V, IOH=−100 µA VDD=5 V, IOL=1 mA FOUT pin VDD=3 V, IOL=1 mA VDD=3 V, IOL=100 µA / INT pin VDD=5 V, IOL=1 mA VDD=3 V, IOL=1 mA SDA pin VDD ≥2 V, IOL=3 mA 0.8 × VDD 0.7 × VDD GND − 0.3 GND − 0.3 4.5 2.2 2.9 GND GND GND GND GND GND VDD + 0.3 V 5.5 0.2 × VDD V 0.3 × VDD 5.0 3.0 V 3.0 GND+0.5 GND+0.8 V GND+0.1 GND+0.25 GND+0.4 V GND+0.4 V FOE, SCL, SDA pins , VIN = VDD or GND −0.5 0.5 µA / INT, SDA, FOUT pins, VOUT = VDD or GND −0.5 0.5 µA Page - 4 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 7.2. AC Characteristics Item SCL clock frequency Start condition setup time Start condition hold time Data setup time Data hold time Stop condition setup time Bus idle time between start condition and stop condition Time when SCL = "L" Time when SCL = "H" Rise time for SCL and SDA Fall time for SCL and SDA Allowable spike time on bus FOUT duty Symbol fSCL tSU;STA tHD;STA tSU;DAT tHD;DAT tSU;STO tBUF tLOW tHIGH tr tf tSP tW /t * Unless otherwise specified, GND = 0 V , VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V , Ta = −40 °C to +85 °C Condition Min. Typ. Max. Unit 400 kHz 0.6 µs 0.6 µs 100 ns 0 ns 0.6 µs 1.3 µs 1.3 µs 0.6 µs 0.3 µs 0.3 µs 50 ns 50% of VDD level 40 50 60 % Timing chart Protocol START CONDITION (S) tSU ; STA BIT 7 MSB (A7) tLOW tHIGH BIT 6 (A6) 1 / fSCL BIT 0 ACK LSB (R/W) (A) SCL SDA (S) tr tf tHD ; STA (A) tSU ; DAT tHD ; DAT tSP STOP CONDITION (P) START CONDITION (S) tSU ; STA (P) (S) tBUF tSU ; STO tHD ; STA Caution: When accessing this device, all communication from transmitting the start condition to transmitting the stop condition after access should be completed within 0.95 seconds. If such communication requires 0.95 seconds or longer, the I2C bus interface is reset by the internal bus timeout function. Data writing : It’s necessary to input the data of 8-bit units. During inputting the data of 8-bit units, a state of suspension occurs, the data are not written appropriately. Page - 5 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8. Use Methods 8.1. Overview of Functions 1) Clock functions This function is used to set and read out month, day, hour, date, minute, second, and year (last two digits) data. Any (two-digit) year that is a multiple of 4 is treated as a leap year and calculated automatically as such until the year 2099. 2) Fixed-cycle interrupt generation function The fixed-cycle timer interrupt generation function generates an interrupt event periodically at any fixed cycle set between 244.14 µs and 4095 minutes. When an interrupt event is generated, the /INT pin goes to low level ("L") and "1" is set to the TF bit to report that an event has occurred. (However, when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has been generated, low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's TIE bit is "1". Up to 7.8 ms after the interrupt occurs, the /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low level to Hi-Z). 3) Time update interrupt function The time update interrupt function generates interrupt events at one-second or one-minute intervals, according to the timing of the internal clock. When an interrupt event occurs, the UF bit value becomes "1" and the /INT pin goes to low level to indicate that an event has occurred. (However, when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has been generated, low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's UIE bit is "1". This /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low level to Hi-Z) 500ms or 7.8 ms (a fixed value) after the interrupt occurs. 4) Alarm interrupt function The alarm interrupt generation function generates interrupt events for alarm settings such as date, day, hour, and minute settings. When an interrupt event occurs, the AF bit value is set to "1" and the /INT pin goes to low level to indicate that an event has occurred. 5) 32.768-kHz clock output The 32.768-kHz clock (with precision equal to that of the built-in crystal oscillator) can be output via the FOUT pin. The FOUT pin is a CMOS output pin which can be set for clock output when the FOE pin is at high level and for low-level output when the FOE pin is at high impedance. 6) Interface with CPU Data is read and written via the I2C bus interface using two signal lines: SCL (clock) and SDA (data). Since neither SCL nor SDA includes a protective diode on the VDD side, a data interface between hosts with differing supply voltages can still be implemented by adding pull-up resistors to the circuit board. The SCL's maximum clock frequency is 400 kHz (when VDD ≥ 1.8 V), which supports the I2C bus's high-speed mode. Page - 6 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.2. Description of Registers 8.2.1. Register table Address Function 0 SEC 1 MIN 2 HOUR 3 WEEK 4 DAY 5 MONTH 6 YEAR 7 RAM 8 MIN Alarm 9 HOUR Alarm WEEK Alarm A DAY Alarm B Timer Counter 0 C Timer Counter 1 D Extension Register E Flag Register F Control Register bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 ! 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 ! 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 ! ! 20 10 8 4 2 1 ! 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 ! ! 20 10 8 4 2 1 ! ! ! 10 8 4 2 1 80 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 • • • • • • • • AE 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 AE • 20 10 8 4 2 1 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 AE • 20 10 8 4 2 1 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 • • • • 2048 1024 512 256 TEST WADA USEL TE FSEL1 FSEL0 TSEL1 TSEL0 ! ! UF TF AF ! VLF VDET CSEL1 CSEL0 UIE TIE AIE ! ! RESET Remark ∗3 ∗3 ∗3 ∗3 ∗3 ∗3 − ∗4 − ∗4 ∗4 − ∗4 ∗1, ∗3, ∗5 ∗1, ∗2, ∗3 ∗3 Note When after the initial power-up or when the result of read out the VLF bit is "1" , initialize all registers, before using the module. Be sure to avoid entering incorrect date and time data, as clock operations are not guaranteed when the data or time data is incorrect. ∗1) During the initial power-up, the TEST bit is reset to "0" and the VLF bit is set to "1". ∗ At this point, all other register values are undefined, so be sure to perform a reset before using the module. ∗2) Only a "0" can be written to the UF, TF, AF, VLF, or VDET bit. ∗3) Any bit marked with "!" should be used with a value of "0" after initialization. ∗4) Any bit marked with "•" is a RAM bit that can be used to read or write any data. ∗5) The TEST bit is used by the manufacturer for testing. Be sure to set "0" for this bit when writing. Page - 7 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.2.2. Control register (Reg F) Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 F Control Register CSEL1 CSEL0 UIE TIE AIE ! ! RESET (Default) (0) (1) (−) (−) (−) (0) (0) (−) ∗1) The default value is the value that is read (or is set internally) after powering up from 0 V. ∗2) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. ∗3) "−" indicates no default value has been defined. • This register is used to control interrupt event output from the /INT pin and the stop/start status of clock and calendar operations. 1) CSEL0,1 ( Compensation interval Select 0, 1 ) bits The combination of these two bits is used to set the temperature compensation interval. CSEL0,1 CSEL1 (bit 7) CSEL0 (bit 6) Compensation interval 0 0 0.5 s 0 1 Write/Read 1 0 2.0 s 10 s ∗ Default 1 1 30 s 2) UIE ( Update Interrupt Enable ) bit When a time update interrupt event is generated (when the UF bit value changes from "0" to "1"), this bit's value specifies if an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) or is not generated (/INT status remains Hi-Z). When a "1" is written to this bit, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) when an interrupt event is generated. When a "0" is written to this bit, no interrupt signal is generated when an interrupt event occurs. UIE Data Function 0 When a time update interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is not generated or is canceled (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). Write/Read When a time update interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low). 1 ∗ When a time update interrupt event occurs, low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's UIE bit is "1". This /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z) 7.8 ms after the interrupt occurs. 2) TIE ( Timer Interrupt Enable ) bit When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs (when the TF bit value changes from "0" to "1"), this bit's value specifies if an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) or is not generated (/INT status remains Hi-Z). When a "1" is written to this bit, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) when an interrupt event is generated. When a "0" is written to this bit, no interrupt signal is generated when an interrupt event occurs. TIE Data Function 0 When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is not generated or is canceled (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). Write/Read When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low). 1 * When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has been generated low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's TIE bit is "1". Up to 7.8 ms after the interrupt occurs, the /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). Page - 8 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 3) AIE ( Alarm Interrupt Enable ) bit When an alarm timer interrupt event occurs (when the AF bit value changes from "0" to "1"), this bit's value specifies if an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) or is not generated (/INT status remains Hi-Z). When a "1" is written to this bit, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) when an interrupt event is generated. When a "0" is written to this bit, no interrupt signal is generated when an interrupt event occurs. AIE Data Function 0 When an alarm interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is not generated or is canceled (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). Write/Read When an alarm interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low). 1 ∗ When an alarm interrupt event has been generated low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's AIE bit is "1". This setting is retained until the AF bit value is cleared to zero. (No automatic cancellation) ∗ For details, see "8.5. Alarm Interrupt Function". [Caution] (1) The /INT pin is a shared interrupt output pin for three types of interrupts. It outputs the OR'ed result of these interrupt outputs. When an interrupt has occurred (when the /INT pin is at low level), the UF, TF, read AF flags to determine which flag has a value of "1" (this indicates which type of interrupt event has occurred). (2) To keep the /INT pin from changing to low level, write "0" to the UIE, TIE, and AIE bits. To check whether an event has occurred without outputting any interrupts via the /INT pin, use software to monitor the value of the UF, TF, and AF interrupt flags. 4) RESET bit It also resets the RTC module's internal counter value when the value is less than one second. Writing a "1" to this bit stops the counter operation and resets the RTC module's internal counter value when the value is less than one second. If a STOP-condition or repeated START-condition(I2C) is received while the 0.95-second bus timeout function is operating, stop status is automatically canceled (the RESET bit value is changed from "1" to "0"). ∗ For optimum performance, do not use this bit for functions other than the clock and calendar functions. RESET Data 0 Description [Normal operation mode] This bit is used to cancel stop status for (i.e., restart) the clock and calendar function. Also, when "1" is written to the RESET bit, it cancels stop status for the fixed-cycle timer function. Write/Read [Operation stop mode] Stops updating of year, month, date, day, hour, minute, and second values and partially stops the fixed-cycle timer function. (Stop 1) Stops updating of year, month, date, day, hour, minute, and second values • This stops all clock and calendar update operations. Once this occurs, no more time update interrupt events or alarm 1 interrupt events occur. (Stop 2) Partially stops the fixed-cycle timer function • If the fixed-cycle timer's source clock settings include an update setting of 64 Hz, 1 Hz, or "Minute", the fixed-cycle timer function does not operate. ∗ However, this function does operate when the fixed-cycle timer's source clock setting is 4096 Hz. (Note) When this bit value is "1", the internal divider keeps the reset state, from 2048Hz to 1 Hz . Page - 9 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.2.3. Flag register (Reg-E) Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 E Flag register ! ! UF TF (Default) (0) (0) (−) (−) ∗1) The default value is the value that is read (or is set internally) after powering up from 0 V. ∗2) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. ∗3) "−" indicates a default value is undefined. bit 3 AF (−) bit 2 ! (0) bit 1 VLF (1) bit 0 VDET (1) • This register is used to detect the occurrence of various interrupt events and reliability problems in internal data. 1) UF ( Update Flag ) bit If set to "0" beforehand, this flag bit's value changes from "0" to 1" when a time update interrupt event has occurred. Once this flag bit's value is "1", its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. ∗ For details, see "8.4. Time Update Interrupt Function". 2) TF ( Timer Flag ) bit If set to "0" beforehand, this flag bit's value changes from "0" to 1" when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has occurred. Once this flag bit's value is "1", its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. ∗ For details, see "8.3. Fixed-cycle Timer Interrupt Function". 3) AF ( Alarm Flag ) bit If set to "0" beforehand, this flag bit's value changes from "0" to 1" when an alarm interrupt event has occurred. Once this flag bit's value is "1", its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. ∗ For details, see "8.5. Alarm Interrupt Function". 4) VLF ( Voltage Low Flag ) bit This flag bit indicates the retained status of clock operations or internal data. Its value changes from "0" to "1" when data loss occurs, such as due to a supply voltage drop. Once this flag bit's value is "1", its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. When after powering up from 0 V this bit's value is "1" . VLF Data Description Write 0 The VLF bit is cleared to zero to prepare for the next status detection. 1 This bit is invalid after a "1" has been written to it. Read 0 Data loss is not detected. 1 Data loss is detected. All registers must be initialized. ( This setting is retained until a "zero" is written to this bit. ) 5) VDET ( Voltage Detection Flag ) bit This flag bit indicates the status of temperature compensation. Its value changes from "0" to "1" when stop the temperature compensation, such as due to a supply voltage drop. Once this flag bit's value is "1", its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. When after powering up from 0 V this bit's value is "1". VDET Data Description Write 0 The VDET bit is cleared to zero to prepare for the next low voltage detection. 1 The write access of "1" to this bit is invalid. Read 0 Temperature compensation is normal. 1 Temperature compensation is stop detected. Page - 10 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.2.4. Extension register (Reg-D) Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 D Extension Register TEST WADA USEL TE (Default) (0) (−) (−) (−) ∗1) The default value is the value that is read (or is set internally) after powering up from 0 V. ∗2) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. ∗3) "−" indicates a default value is undefined. bit 3 FSEL1 (0) bit 2 FSEL0 (0) bit 1 TSEL1 (−) bit 0 TSEL0 (−) • This register is used to specify the target for the alarm function or time update interrupt function and to select or set operations such as fixed-cycle timer operations. 1) TEST bit This is the manufacturer's test bit. Its value should always be "0". Be careful to avoid writing a "1" to this bit when writing to other bits. ∗ If a "1" is inadvertently written to this TEST bit, there is a safety function where by this bit will be automatically cleared to zero when a STOP condition or Repeated START condition is received or when the 0.95-second bus timeout function operates. TEST Data Description Write/Read 0 Normal operation mode 1 Setting prohibited (manufacturer's test bit) ∗ Default 2) WADA ( Week Alarm/Day Alarm ) bit This bit is used to specify either WEEK or DAY as the target of the alarm interrupt function. Writing a "1" to this bit specifies DAY as the comparison object for the alarm interrupt function. Writing a "0" to this bit specifies WEEK as the comparison object for the alarm interrupt function. 3) USEL ( Update Interrupt Select ) bit This bit is used to specify either "second update" or "minute update" as the update generation timing of the time update interrupt function. USEL Data update interrupts Auto reset time tRTN 0 Write/Read 1 second update minute update ∗ Default 500 ms 7.813 ms 4) TE ( Timer Enable ) bit This bit controls the start/stop setting for the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function. Writing a "1" to this bit specifies starting of the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function (a countdown starts from a preset value). Writing a "0" to this bit specifies stopping of the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function. 5) FSEL0,1 ( FOUT frequency Select 0, 1 ) bits The combination of these two bits is used to set the FOUT frequency. FSEL0,1 FSEL1 (bit 3) FSEL0 (bit 2) FOUT frequency 0 0 32768 Hz Output ∗ Default 0 1 Write/Read 1 0 1024 Hz Output 1 Hz Output 1 1 32768 Hz Output 6) TSEL0,1 ( Timer Select 0, 1 ) bits The combination of these two bits is used to set the countdown period (source clock) for the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function (four settings can be made). TSEL0,1 TSEL1 (bit 1) TSEL0 (bit 0) Source clock 0 0 4096 Hz / Once per 244.14 µs 0 1 Write/Read 1 0 64 Hz / Once per 15.625 ms "Second" update / Once per second 1 1 "Minute" update / Once per minute Page - 11 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.2.5. RAM register (Reg - 7) Address 7 Function RAM bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 • • • • • • • • • This RAM register is read/write accessible for any data in the range from 00 h to FF h. 8.2.6. Clock counter (Reg - 0 to 2) Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 0 SEC ! 40 20 1 MIN ! 40 20 2 HOUR ! ! 20 ∗) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. bit 4 10 10 10 bit 3 8 8 8 bit 2 4 4 4 bit 1 2 2 2 bit 0 1 1 1 • The clock counter counts seconds, minutes, and hours. • The data format is BCD format. For example, when the "seconds" register value is "0101 1001" it indicates 59 seconds. ∗ Note with caution that writing non-existent time data may interfere with normal operation of the clock counter. 1) Second counter Address 0 Function SEC bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 ! 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 • This second counter counts from "00" to "01," "02," and up to 59 seconds, after which it starts again from 00 seconds. 2) Minute counter Address 1 Function MIN bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 ! 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 • This minute counter counts from "00" to "01," "02," and up to 59 minutes, after which it starts again from 00 minutes. 3) Hour counter Address 2 Function HOUR bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 ! ! 20 10 8 4 2 1 • This hour counter counts from "00" hours to "01," "02," and up to 23 hours, after which it starts again from 00 hours. 8.2.7. Day counter (Reg - 3) Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 3 WEEK ! 6 5 ∗) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. bit 4 4 bit 3 3 bit 2 2 bit 1 1 bit 0 0 • The day (of the week) is indicated by 7 bits, bit 0 to bit 6. The day data values are counted as: Day 01h → Day 02h → Day 04h → Day 08h → Day 10h → Day 20h → Day 40h → Day 01h → Day 02h, etc. • The correspondence between days and count values is shown below. WEEK Write/Read Write prohibit bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 ∗ Do not set "1" to more than one day at the same time. Also, note with caution that any setting other than the seven shown above should not be made as it may interfere with normal operation. Day Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday − Data [h] 01 h 02 h 04 h 08 h 10 h 20 h 40 h − Page - 12 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.2.8. Calendar counter (Reg 4 to 6) Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 4 DAY ! ! 20 5 MONTH ! ! ! 6 YEAR 80 40 20 ∗) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. bit 4 10 10 10 bit 3 8 8 8 bit 2 4 4 4 bit 1 2 2 2 bit 0 1 1 1 • The auto calendar function updates all dates, months, and years from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2099. • The data format is BCD format. For example, a date register value of "0011 0001" indicates the 31st. ∗ Note with caution that writing non-existent date data may interfere with normal operation of the calendar counter. 1) Date counter Address 4 Function DAY bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 ! ! 20 10 8 4 2 1 • The updating of dates by the date counter varies according to the month setting. ∗ A leap year is set whenever the year value is a multiple of four (such as 04, 08, 12, 88, 92, or 96). In February of a leap year, the counter counts dates from "01," "02," "03," to "28," "29," "01," etc. 2) Month counter DAY Write/Read Month 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, or 12 4, 6, 9, or 11 February in normal year February in leap year Date update pattern 01, 02, 03 ∼ 30, 31, 01 ∼ 01, 02, 03 ∼ 30, 01, 02 ∼ 01, 02, 03 ∼ 28, 01, 02 ∼ 01, 02, 03 ∼ 28, 29, 01 ∼ Address 5 Function MONTH bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 ! ! ! 10 8 4 2 1 • The month counter counts from 01 (January), 02 (February), and up to 12 (December), then starts again at 01 (January). 3) Year counter Address 6 Function Years bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 Y80 Y40 Y20 Y10 Y8 Y4 Y2 Y1 • The year counter counts from 00, 01, 02 and up to 99, then starts again at 00. • Any year that is a multiple of four (04, 08, 12, 88, 92, 96, etc.) is handled as a leap year. 8.2.9. Alarm registers (Reg - 8 to A) Address 8 9 A Function MIN Alarm HOUR Alarm WEEK Alarm DAY Alarm bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 AE 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 AE • 20 10 8 4 2 1 AE 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 • 20 10 8 4 2 1 • The alarm interrupt function is used, along with the AEI, AF, and WADA bits, to set alarms for specified date, day, hour, and minute values. • When the settings in the above alarm registers and the WADA bit match the current time, the /INT pin goes to low level and "1" is set to the AF bit to report that and alarm interrupt event has occurred. 8.2.10. Fixed-cycle timer control registers (Reg - B to C) Address B C Function Timer Counter 0 Timer Counter 1 bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 • • • • 2048 1024 512 256 • These registers are used to set the preset countdown value for the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function. The TE, TF, TIE, and TSEL0/1 bits are also used to set the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function. • When the value in the above fixed-cycle timer control register changes from 001h to 000h, the /INT pin goes to low level and "1" is set to the TF bit to report that a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has occurred. Page - 13 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.3. Fixed-cycle Timer Interrupt Function The fixed-cycle timer interrupt generation function generates an interrupt event periodically at any fixed cycle set between 244.14 µs and 4095 minutes. When an interrupt event is generated, the /INT pin goes to low level and "1" is set to the TF bit to report that an event has occurred. (However, when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has been generated low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's TIE bit is "1". Up to 7.8 ms after the interrupt occurs, the /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low-level to Hi-Z). ∗ Example of /INT operation 7.8ms (Max.) TIE = " 1 " TE = " 0 " → " 1 " period TIE = " 1 " → " 0 " 8.3.1. Diagram of fixed-cycle timer interrupt function Fixed-cycle timer starts Fixed-cycle timer stops (1) TE bit TIE bit Operation of fixed-cycle timer "1" (9) (5) "1" (7) "0" "1" "0" /INT output TF bit Event occurs (6) tRTN (4) (3) period period (1) • • • 001 h → 000 h (2) tRTN (8) ∗ Even when the TF bit is cleared to zero, the /INT status does not change. period tRTN period ∗ When the TE bit value changes from "0" to "1" the fixed-cycle timer function starts. The counter always starts counting down from the preset value when the TE value changes from "0" to "1". (7) tRTN ∗ Even when the TE bit is cleared to zero, /INT remains low during the tRTN time. Hi - z "L" "1" "0" (7) RTC internal operation Write operation (1) When a "1" is written to the TE bit, the fixed-cycle timer countdown starts from the preset value. (2) A fixed-cycle timer interrupt event starts a countdown based on the countdown period (source clock). When the count value changes from 001h to 000h, an interrupt event occurs. ∗ After the interrupt event that occurs when the count value changes from 001h to 000h, the counter automatically reloads the preset value and again starts to count down. (Repeated operation) (3) When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs, "1" is written to the TF bit. (4) When the TF bit = "1" its value is retained until it is cleared to zero. (5) If the TIE bit = "1" when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt occurs, /INT pin output goes low. ∗ If the TIE bit = "0" when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt occurs, /INT pin output remains Hi-Z. (6) Output from the /INT pin remains low during the tRTN period following each event, after which it is automatically cleared to Hi-Z status. ∗ /INT is again set low when the next interrupt event occurs. (7) When a "0" is written to the TE bit, the fixed-cycle timer function is stopped and the /INT pin is set to Hi-Z status. ∗ When /INT = low, the fixed-cycle timer function is stopped. The tRTN period is the maximum amount of time before the /INT pin status changes from low to Hi-Z. (8) As long as /INT = low, the /INT pin status does not change when the TF bit value changes from "1" to "0". (9) When /INT = low, the /INT pin status changes from low to Hi-Z as soon as the TIE bit value changes from "1" to "0". Page - 14 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.3.2. Related registers for function of time update interrupts. Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 B Timer Counter 0 128 64 32 16 C Timer Counter 1 • • • • D Extension Register TEST W ADA USEL TE E Flag Register ! ! UF TF F Control Register CSEL1 CSEL0 UIE TIE ∗1) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. ∗2) Bits marked with "•" are RAM bits that can contain any value and are read/write-accessible. bit 3 8 2048 FSEL1 AF AIE bit 2 4 1024 FSEL0 ! ! bit 1 2 512 TSEL1 VLF ! bit 0 1 256 TSEL0 VDET RESET ∗ Before entering settings for operations, we recommend writing a "0" to the TE and TIE bits to prevent hardware interrupts from occurring inadvertently while entering settings. ∗ When the RESET bit value is "1" the time update interrupt function operates only partially. (Operation continues if the source clock setting is 4096 Hz. Otherwise, operation is stopped.) ∗ When the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function is not being used, the fixed-cycle timer control register (Reg – B to C) can be used as a RAM register. In such cases, stop the fixed-cycle timer function by writing "0" to the TE and TIE bits. 1) TSEL0,1 bits (Timer Select 0, 1) The combination of these two bits is used to set the countdown period (source clock) for the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function (four settings can be made). TSEL0,1 TSEL1 TSEL0 (bit 1) (bit 0) Source clock Auto reset time Effects of STOP tRTN and RESET bits 0 0 4096 Hz / Once per 244.14 µs 122 µs − Write/Read 0 1 1 1 64 Hz / Once per 15.625 ms 7.8125 ms ∗ Does not operate 0 "Second" update / Once per second 7.8125 ms when the STOP bit or RESET bit value 1 "Minute" update / Once per minute 7.8125 ms is "1". ∗1) The /INT pin's auto reset time (tRTN) varies as shown above according to the source clock setting. ∗2) When the source clock has been set to "second update" or "minute update", the timing of both countdown and interrupts is coordinated with the clock update timing. 2) Fixed-cycle Timer Control register (Reg - B to C) This register is used to set the default (preset) value for the counter. Any count value from 1 (001 h) to 4095 (FFFh) can be set. The counter counts down based on the source clock's period, and when the count value changes from 001h to 000h, the TF bit value becomes "1". The countdown that starts when the TE bit value changes from "0" to "1" always begins from the preset value. Be sure to write "0" to the TE bit before writing the preset value. If a value is written while TE = "1" the first subsequent event will not be generated correctly. Address C Address B Timer Counter 1 Timer Counter 0 bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 • • • • 2048 1024 512 256 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 3) TE (Timer Enable) bit This bit controls the start/stop setting for the fixed-cycle timer interrupt function. TE Data Description 0 Stops fixed-cycle timer interrupt function. Write/Read Starts fixed-cycle timer interrupt function. 1 ∗ The countdown that starts when the TE bit value changes from "0" to "1" always begins from the preset value. 4) TF (Timer Flag) bit If set to "0" beforehand, this flag bit's value changes from "0" to 1" when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has occurred. Once this flag bit's value is "1", its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. TF Data Description Write 0 The TF bit is cleared to zero to prepare for the next status detection ∗ Clearing this bit to zero does not enable the /INT low output status to be cleared (to Hi-Z). 1 This bit is invalid after a "1" has been written to it. Read 0 Fixed-cycle timer interrupt events are not detected. 1 Fixed-cycle timer interrupt events are detected. (Result is retained until this bit is cleared to zero.) Page - 15 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 5) TIE (Timer Interrupt Enable) bit When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs (when the TF bit value changes from "0" to "1"), this bit's value specifies whether an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) or is not generated (/INT status remains Hi-Z). TIE Data Description Write/Read 1) When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is not generated or is canceled (/INT status remains Hi-Z). 0 2) When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs, the interrupt signal is canceled (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). ∗ Even when the TIE bit value is "0" another interrupt event may change the /INT status to low (or may hold /INT = "L"). When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low). 1 ∗ When a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has been generated low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's TIE bit is "1". Up to 7.8 ms after the interrupt occurs, the /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). 8.3.3. Fixed-cycle timer interrupt interval (example) Timer Counter setting 0 1 2 • • • 41 205 410 2048 • • • 4095 4096 Hz TSEL1,0 = 0,0 − 244.14 µs 488.28 µs • • • 10.010 ms 50.049 ms 100.10 ms 500.00 ms • • • 0.9998 s Source clock 64 Hz TSEL1,0 = 0,1 − 15.625 ms 31.25 ms "Second" update TSEL1,0 = 1,0 − 1s 2s • • • 640.63 ms 3.203 s 6.406 s 32.000 s • • • 41 s 205 s 410 s 2048 s • • • 63.984 s • • • 4095 s "Minute" update TSEL1,0 = 1,1 − 1 min 2 min • • • 41 min 205 min 410 min 2048 min • • • 4095 min • Time error in fixed-cycle timer A time error in the fixed-cycle timer will produce a positive or negative time period error in the selected source clock. The fixed-cycle timer's time is within the following range relative to the time setting. (Fixed-cycle timer's time setting (∗) − source clock period) to (timer's time setting) ∗) The timer's time setting = source clock period × timer counter's division value. ∗ The time actually set to the timer is adjusted by adding the time described above to the communication time for the serial data transfer clock used for the setting. 8.3.4. Fixed-cycle timer start timing Counting down of the fixed-cycle timer value starts at the rising edge of the SCL signal that occurs when the TE value is changed from "0" to "1" (after bit 0 is transferred). Address D SCL pin SDA pin Internal timer TE FSEL1 FSEL0 TSEL1 TSEL0 ACK /INT pin Operation of timer Page - 16 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.4. Time Update Interrupt Function The time update interrupt function generates interrupt events at one-second or one-minute intervals, according to the timing of the internal clock. When an interrupt event occurs, the UF bit value becomes "1" and the /INT pin goes to low level to indicate that an event has occurred. (However, when a fixed-cycle timer interrupt event has been generated, low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the value of the control register's UIE bit is "1". This /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low level to Hi-Z) 7.8 ms (fixed value) after the interrupt occurs. ∗ /INT operation example 7.8ms UIE = " 1 " period UIE = " 1 " → " 0 " 8.4.1. Time update interrupt function diagram "1" (7) (4) UIE bit /INT output UF bit Events (5) tRTN (3) (2) period period (1) tRTN (6) ∗ /INT status does not change when UF bit is cleared to zero. period tRTN period tRTN "1" "0" Hi - z "L" "1" "0" Operation in RTC Write operation (1) A time update interrupt event occurs when the internal clock's value matches either the second update time or the minute update time. The USEL bit's specification determines whether it is the second update time or the minute update time that must be matched. (2) When a time update interrupt event occurs, the UF bit value becomes "1". (3) When the UF bit value is "1" its value is retained until it is cleared to zero. (4) When a time update interrupt occurs, /INT pin output is low if UIE = "1". ∗ If UIE = "0" when a timer update interrupt occurs, the /INT pin status remains Hi-Z. (5) Each time an event occurs, /INT pin output is low only up to the tRTN time (which is fixed as 7.1825 ms for time update interrupts) after which it is automatically cleared to Hi-Z. ∗ /INT pin output goes low again when the next interrupt event occurs. (6) As long as /INT = low, the /INT pin status does not change, even if the UF bit value changes from "1" to "0". (7) When /INT = low, the /INT pin status changes from low to Hi-Z as soon as the UIE bit value changes from "1" to "0". Page - 17 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.4.2. Related registers for time update interrupt functions. Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 D Extension Register TEST WADA USEL E Flag Register ! ! UF F Control Register CSEL1 CSEL0 UIE ∗) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. bit 4 TE TF TIE bit 3 FSEL1 AF AIE bit 2 FSEL0 ! ! bit 1 TSEL1 VLF ! bit 0 TSEL0 VDET RESET ∗ Before entering settings for operations, we recommend writing a "0" to the UIE bit to prevent hardware interrupts from occurring inadvertently while entering settings. ∗ When the RESET bit value is "1" time update interrupt events do not occur. ∗ Although the time update interrupt function cannot be fully stopped, if "0" is written to the UIE bit, the time update interrupt function can be prevented from changing the /INT pin status to low. 1) USEL (Update Interrupt Select) bit This bit is used to select "second" update or "minute" update as the timing for generation of time update interrupt events. USEL Data Description Write/Read 0 Selects "second update" (once per second) as the timing for generation of interrupt events 1 Selects "minute update" (once per minute) as the timing for generation of interrupt events 2) UF (Update Flag) bit Once it has been set to "0", this flag bit value changes from "0" to "1" when a time update interrupt event occurs. When this flag bit = "1" its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. UF Data Description Write 0 The UF bit is cleared to zero to prepare for the next status detection ∗ Clearing this bit to zero does not enable the /INT low output status to be cleared (to Hi-Z). 1 This bit is invalid after a "1" has been written to it. Read 0 Time update interrupt events are not detected. 1 Time update interrupt events are detected. (The result is retained until this bit is cleared to zero.) 3) UIE (Update Interrupt Enable) bit When a time update interrupt event occurs (UF bit value changes from "0" to "1"), this bit selects whether to generate an interrupt signal (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) or to not generate it (/INT status remains Hi-Z). UIE Data Description Write/Read 1) Does not generate an interrupt signal when a time update interrupt event occurs (/INT remains Hi-Z) 0 2) Cancels interrupt signal triggered by time update interrupt event (/INT changes from low to Hi-Z). ∗ Even when the UIE bit value is "0" another interrupt event may change the /INT status to low (or may hold /INT = "L"). When a time update interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low). 1 ∗ When a time update interrupt event occurs, low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the UIE bit value is "1". Up to 7.8 ms after the interrupt occurs, the /INT status is automatically cleared (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). Page - 18 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.5. Alarm Interrupt Function The alarm interrupt generation function generates interrupt events for alarm settings such as date, day, hour, and minute settings. When an interrupt event occurs, the AF bit value is set to "1" and the /INT pin goes to low level to indicate that an event has occurred. ∗ Example of /INT operation AIE = " 1 " ( AF = " 0 " → " 1 " ) AF = " 1 " → " 0 " or AIE = " 1 " → " 0 " 8.4.1. Diagram of alarm interrupt function "1" (4) AIE bit /INT output AF bit (5) (7) (6) (3) (2) (1) Event occurs "1" "0" Hi - z "L" "1" "0" RTC internal operation Write operation (1) The hour, minute, date or day when an alarm interrupt event is to occur is set in advance along with the WADA bit, and when the setting matches the current time an interrupt event occurs. (Note) Even if the current date/time is used as the setting, the alarm will not occur until the counter counts up to the current date/time (i.e., an alarm will occur next time, not immediately). (2) When a time update interrupt event occurs, the AF bit values becomes "1". (3) When the AF bit = "1", its value is retained until it is cleared to zero. (4) If AIE = "1" when an alarm interrupt occurs, the /INT pin output goes low. ∗ When an alarm interrupt event occurs, /INT pin output goes low, and this status is then held until it is cleared via the AF bit or AIE bit. (5) If the AIE value is changed from "1" to "0" while /INT is low, the /INT status immediately changes from low to Hi-Z. After the alarm interrupt occurs and before the AF bit value is cleared to zero, the /INT status can be controlled via the AIE bit. (6) If the AF bit value is changed from "1" to "0" while /INT is low, the /INT status immediately changes from low to Hi-Z. (7) If the AIE bit value is "0" when an alarm interrupt occurs, the /INT pin status remains Hi-Z. Page - 19 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.5.2. Related registers Address Function bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 1 MIN ! 40 20 10 2 HOUR ! ! 20 10 3 WEEK ! 6 5 4 4 DAY ! ! 20 10 8 MIN Alarm AE 40 20 10 9 HOUR Alarm AE • 20 10 A WEEK Alarm DAY Alarm AE 6 • 5 4 20 10 D Extension Register TEST W ADA USEL TE E Flag Register ! ! UF TF F Control Register CSEL1 CSEL0 UIE TIE ∗1) "o" indicates write-protected bits. A zero is always read from these bits. ∗2) Bits marked with "•" are RAM bits that can contain any value and are read/write-accessible. bit 3 8 8 3 8 8 8 3 8 FSEL1 AF AIE bit 2 4 4 2 4 4 4 2 4 FSEL0 ! ! bit 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 TSEL1 VLF ! bit 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 TSEL0 VDET RESET ∗ Before entering settings for operations, we recommend writing a "0" to the AIE bit to prevent hardware interrupts from occurring inadvertently while entering settings. ∗ When the RESET bit value is "1" alarm interrupt events do not occur. ∗ When the alarm interrupt function is not being used, the Alarm registers (Reg - 8 to A) can be used as a RAM register. In such cases, be sure to write "0" to the AIE bit. ∗ When the AIE bit value is "1" and the Alarm registers (Reg - 8 to A) is being used as a RAM register, /INT may be changed to low level unintentionally. 1) WADA (Week Alarm /Day Alarm) bit The alarm interrupt function uses either "Day" or "Week" as its target. The WADA bit is used to specify either WEEK or DAY as the target for alarm interrupt events. WADA Data Description Write/Read 0 Sets WEEK as target of alarm function (DAY setting is ignored) 1 Sets DAY as target of alarm function (WEEK setting is ignored) 2) Alarm registers (Reg - 8 to A) Address 8 9 A Function MIN Alarm HOUR Alarm WEEK Alarm DAY Alarm bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 AE 40 20 10 8 4 2 1 AE • 20 10 8 4 2 1 AE 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 • 20 10 8 4 2 1 The hour, minute, date or day when an alarm interrupt event will occur is set using this register and the WADA bit. In the WEEK alarm /Day alarm register (Reg - A), the setting selected via the WADA bit determines whether WEEK alarm data or DAY alarm data will be set. If WEEK has been selected via the WADA bit, multiple days can be set (such as Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday). When the settings made in the alarm registers and the WADA bit match the current time, the AF bit value is changed to "1". At that time, if the AIE bit value has already been set to "1", the /INT pin goes low. ∗1) The register that "1" was set to "AE" bit, doesn't compare alarm. (Example) Write 80h (AE = "1") to the WEEK Alarm /DAY Alarm register (Reg - A): Only the hour and minute settings are used as alarm comparison targets. The week and date settings are not used as alarm comparison targets. As a result, alarm occurs if only an hour and minute accords with alarm data. ∗2) If all three AE bit values are "1" the week/date settings are ignored and an alarm interrupt event will occur once per minute. Page - 20 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 3) AF (Alarm Flag) bit When this flag bit value is already set to "0", occurrence of an alarm interrupt event changes it to "1". When this flag bit value is "1", its value is retained until a "0" is written to it. AF Data Description Write The AF bit is cleared to zero to prepare for the next status detection 0 ∗ Clearing this bit to zero enables /INT low output to be canceled (/INT remains Hi-Z) when an alarm interrupt event has occurred. 1 This bit is invalid after a "1" has been written to it. Read 0 Alarm interrupt events are not detected. 1 Alarm interrupt events are detected. (Result is retained until this bit is cleared to zero.) 4) AIE (Alarm Interrupt Enable) bit When an alarm interrupt event occurs (when the AF bit value changes from "0" to "1"), this bit's value specifies whether an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low) or is not generated (/INT status remains Hi-Z). AIE Data Description Write/Read 1) When an alarm interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is not generated or is canceled (/INT status remains Hi-Z). 0 2) When an alarm interrupt event occurs, the interrupt signal is canceled (/INT status changes from low to Hi-Z). ∗ Even when the AIE bit value is "0" another interrupt event may change the /INT status to low (or may hold /INT = "L"). When an alarm interrupt event occurs, an interrupt signal is generated (/INT status changes from Hi-Z to low). 1 ∗ When an alarm interrupt event occurs, low-level output from the /INT pin occurs only when the AIE bit value is "1". This value is retained (not automatically cleared) until the AF bit is cleared to zero. 8.5.2. Examples of alarm settings 1) Example of alarm settings when "Day" has been specified (and WADA bit = "0") Day is specified WADA bit = "0" Reg - A bit bit bit bit bit bit bit bit 76543210 AE S F T W T M S Reg - 9 HOUR Alarm Monday through Friday, at 7:00 AM ∗ Minute value is ignored 00111110 07 h Every Saturday and Sunday, for 30 minutes each hour ∗ Hour value is ignored 01000001 Every day, at 6:59 AM Χ: Don't care 01111111 1ΧΧΧΧΧΧΧ 2) Example of alarm settings when "Day" has been specified (and WADA bit = "1") 80 h ∼ FF h 18 h Day is specified WADA bit = "1" Reg - A bit bit bit bit bit bit bit bit 76543210 AE • 20 10 08 04 02 01 Reg - 9 HOUR Alarm First of each month, at 7:00 AM ∗ Minute value is ignored 15th of each month, for 30 minutes each hour ∗ Hour value is ignored 00000001 07 h 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 80 h ∼ FF h Every day, at 6:59 PM Χ: Don't care 1ΧΧΧΧΧΧΧ 18 h Reg - 8 MIN Alarm 80 h ∼ FF h 30 h 59 h Reg - 8 MIN Alarm 80 h ∼ FF h 30 h 59 h Page - 21 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.6. Reading/Writing Data via the I2C Bus Interface 8.6.1. Overview of I2C-BUS The I2C bus supports bi-directional communications via two signal lines: the SDA (data) line and SCL (clock) line. A combination of these two signals is used to transmit and receive communication start/stop signals, data transfer signals, acknowledge signals, and so on. Both the SCL and SDA signals are held at high level whenever communications are not being performed. The starting and stopping of communications is controlled at the rising edge or falling edge of SDA while SCL is at high level. During data transfers, data changes that occur on the SDA line are performed while the SCL line is at low level, and on the receiving side the data is output while the SCL line is at high level. The I2C bus device does not include a chip select pin such as is found in ordinary logic devices. Instead of using a chip select pin, slave addresses are allocated to each device and the receiving device responds to communications only when its slave address matches the slave address in the received data. In either case, the data is transferred via the SCL line at a rate of one bit per clock pulse. 8.6.2. System configuration All ports connected to the I2C bus must be either open drain or open collector ports in order to enable AND connections to multiple devices. SCL and SDA are both connected to the VDD line via a pull-up resistance. Consequently, SCL and SDA are both held at high level when the bus is released (when communication is not being performed). VDD SDA SCL Master Transmitter/ Receiver CPU, etc. Slave Transmitter/ Receiver RX - 8025T Master Slave Transmitter/ Receiver Transmitter/ Receiver Other I2C bus device Any device that controls the data transmission and data reception is defined as a "Master". and any device that is controlled by a master device is defined as a “Slave”. The device transmitting data is defined as a “Transmitter” and the device receiving data is defined as a receiver” In the case of this RTC module, controllers such as a CPU are defined as master devices and the RTC module is defined as a slave device. When a device is used for both transmitting and receiving data, it is defined as either a transmitter or receiver depending on these conditions. Page - 22 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.6.3. Starting and stopping I2C bus communications START condition Repeated START(RESTART) condition SCL [S] [ Sr ] SDA STOP condition [P] 0.95 s ( Max. ) 1) START condition, repeated START condition, and STOP condition (1) START condition • The SDA level changes from high to low while SCL is at high level. (2) STOP condition • This condition regulates how communications on the I2C-BUS are terminated. The SDA level changes from low to high while SCL is at high level. (3) Repeated START condition (RESTART condition) • In some cases, the START condition occurs between a previous START condition and the next STOP condition, in which case the second START condition is distinguished as a RESTART condition. Since the required status is the same as for the START condition, the SDA level changes from high to low while SCL is at high level. 2) Caution points ∗1) The master device always controls the START, RESTART, and STOP conditions for communications. ∗2) The master device does not impose any restrictions on the timing by which STOP conditions affect transmissions, so communications can be forcibly stopped at any time while in progress. (However, this is only when this RTC module is in receiver mode (data reception mode = SDA released). ∗3) When communicating with this RTC module, the series of operations from transmitting the START condition to transmitting the STOP condition should occur within 0.95 seconds. (A RESTART condition may be sent between a START condition and STOP condition, but even in such cases the series of operations from transmitting the START condition to transmitting the STOP condition should still occur within 0.95 seconds.) If this series of operations requires 0.95 seconds or longer, the I2C bus interface will be automatically cleared and set to standby mode by this RTC module's bus timeout function. Note with caution that both write and read operations are invalid for communications that occur during or after this auto clearing operation. (When the read operation is invalid, all data that is read has a value of "1"). Restarting of communications begins with transfer of the START condition again ∗4) When communicating with this RTC module, wait at least 1.3 µs (see the tBUF rule) between transferring a STOP condition (to stop communications) and transferring the next START condition (to start the next round of communications). STOP condition START condition SCL [P] [S] SDA 61 µs (Min.) Page - 23 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.6.4. Data transfers and acknowledge responses during I2C-BUS communications 1) Data transfers Data transfers are performed in 8-bit (1 byte) units once the START condition has occurred. There is no limit on the amount (bytes) of data that are transferred between the START condition and STOP condition. (However, the transfer time must be no longer than 0.95 seconds.) The address auto increment function operates during both write and read operations. After address Fh, incrementation goes to address 0h. Updating of data on the transmitter (transmitting side)'s SDA line is performed while the SCL line is at low level. The receiver (receiving side) receives data while the SCL line is at high level. SCL SDA Data is valid when data line is stable Data can be changed ∗ Note with caution that if the SDA data is changed while the SCL line is at high level, it will be treated as a START, RESTART, or STOP condition. 2) Data acknowledge response (ACK signal) When transferring data, the receiver generates a confirmation response (ACK signal, low active) each time an 8-bit data segment is received. If there is no ACK signal from the receiver, it indicates that normal communication has not been established. (This does not include instances where the master device intentionally does not generate an ACK signal.) Immediately after the falling edge of the clock pulse corresponding to the 8th bit of data on the SCL line, the transmitter releases the SDA line and the receiver sets the SDA line to low (= acknowledge) level. SCL from Master 1 2 8 9 SDA from transmitter (sending side) Release SDA SDA from receiver (receiving side) Low active ACK signal After transmitting the ACK signal, if the Master remains the receiver for transfer of the next byte, the SDA is released at the falling edge of the clock corresponding to the 9th bit of data on the SCL line. Data transfer resumes when the Master becomes the transmitter. When the Master is the receiver, if the Master does not send an ACK signal in response to the last byte sent from the slave, that indicates to the transmitter that data transfer has ended. At that point, the transmitter continues to release the SDA and awaits a STOP condition from the Master. 8.6.5. Slave address The I2C bus device does not include a chip select pin such as is found in ordinary logic devices. Instead of using a chip select pin, slave addresses are allocated to each device. All communications begin with transmitting the [START condition] + [slave address (+ R/W specification)]. The receiving device responds to this communication only when the specified slave address it has received matches its own slave address. Slave addresses have a fixed length of 7 bits. This RTC's slave address is [0110 010∗]. An R/W bit ("*" above) is added to each 7-bit slave address during 8-bit transfers. Transfer data Slave address bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 Read Write 65 h 64 h 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 R/W bit bit 0 1 (= Read) 0 (= Write) Page - 24 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.6.6. I2C bus protocol In the following sequence descriptions, it is assumed that the CPU is the master and the RX-8025T is the slave. a. Address specification write sequence Since the RX-8025T includes an address auto increment function, once the initial address has been specified, the RX-8025T increments (by one byte) the receive address each time data is transferred. (1) CPU transfers start condition [S]. (2) CPU transmits the RX-8025T's slave address with the R/W bit set to write mode. (3) Check for ACK signal from RX-8025T. (4) CPU transmits write address to RX-8025T. (5) Check for ACK signal from RX-8025T. (6) CPU transfers write data to the address specified at (4) above. (7) Check for ACK signal from RX-8025T. (8) Repeat (6) and (7) if necessary. Addresses are automatically incremented. (9) CPU transfers stop condition [P]. (1) (2) (3) S Slave address 00 R/W (4) Address (5) (6) (7) 0 Data 0 ACK signal from RX-8801 (8) Data (9) 0P b. Address specification read sequence After using write mode to write the address to be read, set read mode to read the actual data. (1) CPU transfers start condition [S]. (2) CPU transmits the RX-8025T's slave address with the R/W bit set to write mode. (3) Check for ACK signal from RX-8025T. (4) CPU transfers address for reading from 8025T. (5) Check for ACK signal from RX-8025T. (6) CPU transfers RESTART condition [Sr] (in which case, CPU does not transfer a STOP condition [P]). (7) CPU transfers RX-8025T's slave address with the R/W bit set to read mode. (8) Check for ACK signal from RX-8025T (from this point on, the CPU is the receiver and the RX-8025T is the transmitter). (9) Data from address specified at (4) above is output by the RX-8025T. (10) CPU transfers ACK signal to RX-8025T. (11) Repeat (9) and (10) if necessary. Read addresses are automatically incremented. (12) CPU transfers ACK signal for "1". (13) CPU transfers stop condition [P]. (1) (2) (3) S Slave address 00 R/W (4) Address (5) (6) 0 Sr (7) Slave address ACK from RX-8801 (8) 10 R/W (9) Data (10) (11) (12) (13) 0 Data 1P ACK from CPU c. Read sequence when address is not specified Once read mode has been initially set, data can be read immediately. In such cases, the address for each read operation is the previously accessed address + 1. (1) CPU transfers start condition [S]. (2) CPU transmits the RX-8025T's slave address with the R/W bit set to read mode. (3) Check for ACK signal from RX-8025T (from this point on, the CPU is the receiver and the RX-8025T is the transmitter). (4) Data is output from the RX-8025T to the address following the end of the previously accessed address. (5) CPU transfers ACK signal to RX-8025T. (6) Repeat (4) and (5) if necessary. Read addresses are automatically incremented in the RX-8025T. (7) CPU transfers ACK signal for "1". (8) CPU transfers stop condition [P]. (1) (2) (3) (4) S Slave address 10 R/W Data ACK from RX-8801 (5) (6) (7) (8) 0 Data 1P ACK from CPU Page - 25 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.7. Backup and Recovery VDD VCLK 0V t R1 VDET tF t R2 Back up Item Power supply detection voltage ( 1 ) Power supply detection voltage ( 2 ) Power supply drop time Initial power-up time Clock maintenance power-up time Symbol VDET VLOW tF t R1 t R2 Condition − − − − 1.6V → VDD ≤ 3.6V 1.6V → VDD > 3.6V Min. 2 5 15 Typ. Max. 2.2 1.6 10 Unit. V V µs /V ms /V µs /V µs /V Page - 26 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 8.8. Connection with Typical Microcontroller D1: Schottky Barrier Diode Note VDD SCL RX-8025T SLAVE ADRS = 0110 010* GND SDA VDD SCL I 2C-BUS Master SDA VDD Pull up Registor R = tr C BUS SCL SDA ( I2C Bus ) Note : It uses the secondary battery or a lithium battery. When using the seconding battery, the diode is not required. When using the lithium battery, the diode is required. For detailed value on the resistance, please consult a battery maker. 8.9. When used as a clock source (32 kHz-TCXO) 32.768kHz OE RX-8025T VDD VDD VDD T1 SCL TEST SDA T2 FOUT /INT FOE GND 0.1 µF Page - 27 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 9. External Dimensions / Marking Layout 9.1. External dimensions RX-8025T (SOP - 14 pin) • External dimensions 10.1 ± 0.2 #14 #8 0° - 10° 5. 0 7.4 ± 0.2 R8025T E 1234A 0.6 #1 #7 0.15 0.05 Min. 3.2 ± 0.1 • Recommended soldering 1.4 5.4 1.4 1.27 0.7 1.27 × 6 = 7.62 0.35 1.27 1.2 Unit : mm ∗ The crystal oscillator's metal case may be visible in the area (on top) indicated in broken lines , but this has no effect on the device's characteristics. 9.2. Marking layout RX – 8025T ( SOP-14pin ) Type R 8025T E A123B Logo Production lot ∗ Contents displayed indicate the general markings and display, but are not the standards for the fonts, sizes and positioning. Page - 28 ETM25E-01 RX – 8025T 10. Application notes 10.1. Notes on handling This module uses a C-MOS IC to realize low power consumption. Carefully note the following cautions when handling. (1) Static electricity W hile this module has built-in circuitry designed to protect it against electrostatic discharge, the chip could still be damaged by a large discharge of static electricity. Containers used for packing and transport should be constructed of conductive materials. In addition, only soldering irons, measurement circuits, and other such devices which do not leak high voltage should be used with this module, which should also be grounded when such devices are being used. (2) Noise If a signal with excessive external noise is applied to the power supply or input pins, the device may malfunction or "latch up." In order to ensure stable operation, connect a filter capacitor (preferably ceramic) of greater that 0.1F as close as possible to the power supply pins (between VDD and GNDs). Also, avoid placing any device that generates high level of electronic noise near this module. * Do not connect signal lines to the shaded area in the figure shown in Fig. 1 and, if possible, embed this area in a GND land. (3) Voltage levels of input pins W hen the input pins are at the mid-level, this will cause increased current consumption and a reduced noise margin, and can impair the functioning of the device. Therefore, try as much as possible to apply the voltage level close to VDD or GND. (4) Handling of unused pins Since the input impedance of the input pins is extremely high, operating the device with these pins in the open circuit state can lead to unstable voltage level and malfunctions due to noise. Therefore, pull-up or pull-down resistors should be provided for all unused input pins. 10.2. Notes on packaging (1) Soldering heat resistance. If the temperature within the package exceeds +260 °C, the characteristics of the crystal oscillator will be degraded and it may be damaged. The reflow conditions within our reflow profile is recommended. Therefore, always check the mounting temperature and time before mounting this device. Also, check again if the mounting conditions are later changed. * See Fig. 2 profile for our evaluation of Soldering heat resistance for reference. (2) Mounting equipment W hile this module can be used with general-purpose mounting equipment, the internal crystal oscillator may be damaged in some circumstances, depending on the equipment and conditions. Therefore, be sure to check this. In addition, if the mounting conditions are later changed, the same check should be performed again. (3) Ultrasonic cleaning Depending on the usage conditions, there is a possibility that the crystal oscillator will be damaged by resonance during ultrasonic cleaning. Since the conditions under which ultrasonic cleaning is carried out (the type of cleaner, power level, time, state of the inside of the cleaning vessel, etc.) vary widely, this device is not warranted against damage during ultrasonic cleaning. (4) Mounting orientation This device can be damaged if it is mounted in the wrong orientation. Always confirm the orientation of the device before mounting. (5) Leakage between pins Leakage between pins may occur if the power is turned on while the device has condensation or dirt on it. Make sure the device is dry and clean before supplying power to it. Fig. 1 : Example GND Pattern RX - 8025T ( SOP-14pin ) ∗ The shaded part ( ) indicates where a GND pattern should be set without getting too close to a signal line Fig. 2 : Reference profile for our evaluation of Soldering heat resistance. Temperature [ °C ] 300 TP ; +260 °C 250 +255 °C Avg. Ramp-up tp ; 20 s to 40 s TL ; +217 °C +3 °C / s Max. tL 200 Ts max ; +200 °C 60 s to 150 s ( +217 °C over ) −6 °C / s Max. 150 100 Ts min ; +150 °C ts 60 s to 180 s ( +150 °C to +200 °C ) 50 Time +25 °C to Peak 0 60 120 180 240 300 360 420 480 540 600 660 720 780 Time [ s ] Page - 29 ETM25E-01 Application Manual AMERICA EPSON ELECTRONICS AMERICA, INC. HEADQUARTER Atlanta Office Boston Office Chicago Office El Segundo Office 2580 Orchard Parkway, San Jose, CA 95131, U.S.A. Phone: (1)800-228-3964 (Toll free) : (1)408-922-0200 (Main) Fax: (1)408-922-0238 http://www.eea.epson.com One Crown Center 1895 Phoenix Blvd. Suite 348 Atlanta,GA 30349 Phone: (1)800-228-3964 (Toll free) : (1)770-907-7667 (Main) 301Edgewater Place, Ste. 120, Wakefield, MA 01880, U.S.A. Phone: (1)800-922-7667 (Toll free) : (1)781-246-3600 (Main) Fax: (1)781-246-5443 1827 Walden Office Square. Suite 450 Schaumburg, IL 60173 Phone: (1)847-925-8350 Fax: (1)847 925-8965 1960 E. 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Phone: (1)800-249-7730 (Toll free) : (1)310-955-5300 (Main) Fax: (1)310-955-5400 EUROPE EPSON EUROPE ELECTRONICS GmbH HEADQUARTER Riesstrasse 15, 80992 Munich, Germany Phone: (49)-(0)89-14005-0 Fax: (49)-(0)89-14005-110 http://www.epson-electronics.de ASIA EPSON (CHINA) CO., LTD. 7F, Jinbao Building No.89 Jinbao Street Dongcheng District, Beijing, China, 100005 Phone: (86) 10-8522-1199 Fax: (86) 10-8522-1120 http://www.epson.com.cn Shinghai Branch High-Tech Building,900 Yishan Road Shanghai 200233,China Phone: (86) 21-5423-5577 Fax: (86) 21-5423-4677 EPSON HONG KONG LTD. 20/F., Harbour Centre, 25 Harbour Road, Wanchai,Hong kong Phone: (852) 2585-4600 Fax: (852) 2827-2152 http://www.epson.com.hk EPSON ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT (SHENZHEN )CO., LTD. 12/F, Dawning Mansion,#12 Keji South Road, Hi-Tech Park,Shenzhen, China Phone: (86) 755-26993828 Fax: (86) 755-26993838 EPSON TAIWAN TECHNOLOGY & TRADING LTD. 14F, No.7, Song Ren Road, Taipei 110 Phone: (886) 2-8786-6688 Fax: (886)2-8786-6660 http://www.epson.com.tw EPSON SINGAPORE PTE. 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