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DS1620.PDF

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www.dalsemi.com DS1620 Digital Thermometer and Thermostat FEATURES § Requires no external components § Supply voltage range covers from 2.7V to 5.5V § Measures temperatures from -55°C to +125°C in 0.5°C increments; Fahrenheit equivalent is -67°F to +257°F in 0.9°F increments § Temperature is read as a 9-bit value § Converts temperature to digital word in 1 second (max) § Thermostatic settings are user-definable and nonvolatile § Data is read from/written via a 3-wire serial interface (CLK, DQ, RST ) § Applications include thermostatic controls, industrial systems, consumer products, thermometers, or any thermally sensitive system § 8-pin DIP or SOIC (208-mil) packages PIN ASSIGNMENT DQ 1 8 VDD CLK/CONV 2 7 THIGH RST 3 6 TLOW GND 4 5 TCOM DS1620S 8-Pin SOIC (208-miil) See Mech Drawings Section DQ 1 CLK/CONV 2 RST 3 GND 4 8 VDD 7 THIGH 6 TLOW 5 TCOM DS1620 8-Pin DIP (300-mil) See Mech Drawings Section PIN DESCRIPTION DQ - 3-Wire Input/Output CLK/ CONV - 3-Wire Clock Input and Stand-alone Convert Input RST GND THIGH TLOW TCOM VDD - 3-Wire Reset Input - Ground - High Temperature Trigger - Low Temperature Trigger - High/Low Combination Trigger - Power Supply Voltage (3V - 5V) DESCRIPTION The DS1620 Digital Thermometer and Thermostat provides 9–bit temperature readings which indicate the temperature of the device. With three thermal alarm outputs, the DS1620 can also act as a thermostat. THIGH is driven high if the DS1620’s temperature is greater than or equal to a user–defined temperature TH. TLOW is driven high if the DS1620’s temperature is less than or equal to a user–defined temperature TL. TCOM is driven high when the temperature exceeds TH and stays high until the temperature falls below that of TL. 1 of 13 072099 DS1620 User–defined temperature settings are stored in nonvolatile memory, so parts can be programmed prior to insertion in a system, as well as used in standalone applications without a CPU. Temperature settings and temperature readings are all communicated to/from the DS1620 over a simple 3–wire interface. OPERATION-MEASURING TEMPERATURE A block diagram of the DS1620 is shown in Figure 1. The DS1620 measures temperatures through the use of an onboard proprietary temperature measurement technique. A block diagram of the temperature measurement circuitry is shown in Figure 2. The DS1620 measures temperature by counting the number of clock cycles that an oscillator with a low temperature coefficient goes through during a gate period determined by a high temperature coefficient oscillator. The counter is preset with a base count that corresponds to –55°C. If the counter reaches 0 before the gate period is over, the temperature register, which is also preset to the –55°C value, is incremented, indicating that the temperature is higher than –55°C. At the same time, the counter is then preset with a value determined by the slope accumulator circuitry. This circuitry is needed to compensate for the parabolic behavior of the oscillators over temperature. The counter is then clocked again until it reaches 0. If the gate period is still not finished, then this process repeats. The slope accumulator is used to compensate for the nonlinear behavior of the oscillators over temperature, yielding a high-resolution temperature measurement. This is done by changing the number of counts necessary for the counter to go through for each incremental degree in temperature. To obtain the desired resolution, therefore, both the value of the counter and the number of counts per degree C (the value of the slope accumulator) at a given temperature must be known. DS1620 FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM Figure 1 2 of 13 TEMPERATURE MEASURING CIRCUITRY Figure 2 SLOPE ACCUMULATOR DS1620 PRESET COMPARE LOW TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OSCILLATOR COUNTER PRESET SET/CLEAR LSB INC =0 TEMPERATURE REGISTER HIGH TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OSCILLATOR COUNTER STOP =0 This calculation is done inside the DS1620 to provide 0.5°C resolution. The temperature reading is provided in a 9–bit, two’s complement reading by issuing a READ TEMPERATURE command. Table 1 describes the exact relationship of output data to measured temperature. The data is transmitted serially through the 3–wire serial interface, LSB first. The DS1620 can measure temperature over the range of -55°C to +125°C in 0.5°C increments. For Fahrenheit usage, a lookup table or conversion factor must be used. TEMPERATURE/DATA RELATIONSHIPS Table 1 TEMP DIGITAL OUTPUT DIGITAL OUTPUT (Binary) (Hex) +125°C 0 11111010 00FA +25°C 0 00110010 0032h +½°C 0 00000001 0001h +0°C 0 00000000 0000h -½°C 1 11111111 01FFh -25°C 1 11001110 01CEh -55°C 1 10010010 0192h Since data is transmitted over the 3–wire bus LSB first, temperature data can be written to/read from the DS1620 as either a 9–bit word (taking RST low after the 9th (MSB) bit), or as two transfers of 8–bit 3 of 13 DS1620 words, with the most significant 7 bits being ignored or set to 0, as illustrated in Table 1. After the MSB, the DS1620 will output 0s. Note that temperature is represented in the DS1620 in terms of a ½°C LSB, yielding the following 9–bit format: MSB LSB XXXXXXX1 11001110 T = -25°C Higher resolutions may be obtained by reading the temperature, and truncating the 0.5°C bit (the LSB) from the read value. This value is TEMP_READ. The value left in the counter may then be read by issuing a READ COUNTER command. This value is the count remaining (COUNT_REMAIN) after the gate period has ceased. By loading the value of the slope accumulator into the count register (using the READ SLOPE command), this value may then be read, yielding the number of counts per degree C (COUNT_PER_C) at that temperature. The actual temperature may be then be calculated by the user using the following: TEMPERATURE=TEMP_READ-0.25 + (COUNT_PER_C - COUNT_REMAIN) COUNT_PER_C DETAILED PIN DESCRIPTION Table 2 PIN SYMBOL DESCRIPTION 1 DQ Data Input/Output pin for 3-wire communication port. 2 CLK/ CONV Clock input pin for 3-wire communication port. When the DS1620 is used in a stand-alone application with no 3–wire port, this pin can be used as a convert pin. Temperature conversion will begin on the falling edge of CONV . 3 RST Reset input pin for 3-wire communication port. 4 GND Ground pin. 5 TCOM High/Low Combination Trigger. Goes high when temperature exceeds TH; will reset to low when temperature falls below TL. 6 TLOW Low Temperature Trigger. Goes high when temperature falls below TL. 7 THIGH High Temperature Trigger. Goes high when temperature exceeds TH. 8 VDD Supply Voltage. 2.7V – 5.5V input power pin. OPERATION–THERMOSTAT CONTROLS Three thermally triggered outputs, THIGH, TLOW, and TCOM, are provided to allow the DS1620 to be used as a thermostat, as shown in Figure 3. When the DS1620’s temperature meets or exceeds the value stored in the high temperature trip register, the output THIGH becomes active (high) and remains active until the DS1620’s measured temperature becomes less than the stored value in the high temperature register, TH. The THIGH output can be used to indicate that a high temperature tolerance boundary has been met or exceeded, or it can be used as part of a closed loop system to activate a cooling system and deactivate it when the system temperature returns to tolerance. The TLOW output functions similarly to the THIGH output. When the DS1620’s measured temperature equals or falls below the value stored in the low temperature register, the TLOW output becomes active. TLOW remains active until the DS1620’s temperature becomes greater than the value stored in the low temperature register, TL. The TLOW output can be used to indicate that a low temperature tolerance 4 of 13 DS1620 boundary has been met or exceeded, or as part of a closed loop system it can be used to activate a heating system and deactivate it when the system temperature returns to tolerance. The TCOM output goes high when the measured temperature meets or exceeds TH, and will stay high until the temperature equals or falls below TL. In this way, any amount of hysteresis can be obtained. THERMOSTAT OUTPUT OPERATION Figure 3 THIGH TLOW TCOM TL TH T(°C) OPERATION AND CONTROL The DS1620 must have temperature settings resident in the TH and TL registers for thermostatic operation. A configuration/status register also determines the method of operation that the DS1620 will use in a particular application and indicates the status of the temperature conversion operation. The configuration register is defined as follows: CONFIGURATION/STATUS REGISTER DONE THF TLF NVB 1 0 CPU 1SHOT where DONE = Conversion Done Bit. 1=conversion complete, 0=conversion in progress. THF = Temperature High Flag. This bit will be set to 1 when the temperature is greater than or equal to the value of TH. It will remain 1 until reset by writing 0 into this location or by removing power from the device. This feature provides a method of determining if the DS1620 has ever been subjected to temperatures above TH while power has been applied. TLF = Temperature Low Flag. This bit will be set to 1 when the temperature is less than or equal to the value of TL. It will remain 1 until reset by writing 0 into this location or by removing power from the device. This feature provides a method of determining if the DS1620 has ever been subjected to temperatures below TL while power has been applied. NVB = Nonvolatile Memory Busy Flag. 1=write to an E2 memory cell in progress. 0=nonvolatile memory is not busy. A copy to E2 may take up to 10 ms. CPU = CPU Use Bit. If CPU=0, the CLK/ CONV pin acts as a conversion start control, when RST is low. If CPU is 1, the DS1620 will be used with a CPU communicating to it over the 3–wire port, and the 5 of 13 DS1620 operation of the CLK/ CONV pin is as a normal clock in concert with DQ and RST . This bit is stored in nonvolatile E2 memory, capable of at least 50,000 writes. The DS1620 is shipped with CPU=0. 1SHOT = One–Shot Mode. If 1SHOT is 1, the DS1620 will perform one temperature conversion upon reception of the Start Convert T protocol. If 1SHOT is 0, the DS1620 will continuously perform temperature conversion. This bit is stored in nonvolatile E2 memory, capable of at least 50,000 writes. The DS1620 is shipped with 1SHOT=0. For typical thermostat operation, the DS1620 will operate in continuous mode. However, for applications where only one reading is needed at certain times or to conserve power, the one–shot mode may be used. Note that the thermostat outputs (THIGH, TLOW, TCOM) will remain in the state they were in after the last valid temperature conversion cycle when operating in one–shot mode. OPERATION IN STAND–ALONE MODE In applications where the DS1620 is used as a simple thermostat, no CPU is required. Since the temperature limits are nonvolatile, the DS1620 can be programmed prior to insertion in the system. In order to facilitate operation without a CPU, the CLK/ CONV pin (pin 2) can be used to initiate conversions. Note that the CPU bit must be set to 0 in the configuration register to use this mode of operation. Whether CPU=0 or 1, the 3–wire port is active. Setting CPU=1 disables the stand–alone mode. To use the CLK/ CONV pin to initiate conversions, RST must be low and CLK/ CONV must be high. If CLK/ CONV is driven low and then brought high in less than 10 ms, one temperature conversion will be performed and then the DS1620 will return to an idle state. If CLK/ CONV is driven low and remains low, continuous conversions will take place until CLK/ CONV is brought high again. With the CPU bit set to 0, the CLK/ CONV will override the 1SHOT bit if it is equal to 1. This means that even if the part is set for one–shot mode, driving CLK/ CONV low will initiate conversions. 3–WIRE COMMUNICATIONS The 3–wire bus is comprised of three signals. These are the RST (reset) signal, the CLK (clock) signal, and the DQ (data) signal. All data transfers are initiated by driving the RST input high. Driving the RST input low terminates communication. (See Figures 4 and 5.) A clock cycle is a sequence of a falling edge followed by a rising edge. For data inputs, the data must be valid during the rising edge of a clock cycle. Data bits are output on the falling edge of the clock and remain valid through the rising edge. When reading data from the DS1620, the DQ pin goes to a high-impedance state while the clock is high. Taking RST low will terminate any communication and cause the DQ pin to go to a high-impedance state. Data over the 3–wire interface is communicated LSB first. The command set for the 3–wire interface as shown in Table 3 is as follows. Read Temperature [AAh] This command reads the contents of the register which contains the last temperature conversion result. The next nine clock cycles will output the contents of this register. 6 of 13 DS1620 Write TH [01h] This command writes to the TH (HIGH TEMPERATURE) register. After issuing this command the next nine clock cycles clock in the 9–bit temperature limit which will set the threshold for operation of the THIGH output. Write TL [02h] This command writes to the TL (LOW TEMPERATURE) register. After issuing this command the next nine clock cycles clock in the 9–bit temperature limit which will set the threshold for operation of the TLOW output. Read TH [A1h] This command reads the value of the TH (HIGH TEMPERATURE) register. After issuing this command the next nine clock cycles clock out the 9–bit temperature limit which sets the threshold for operation of the THIGH output. Read TL [A2h] This command reads the value of the TL (LOW TEMPERATURE) register. After issuing this command the next nine clock cycles clock out the 9–bit temperature limit which sets the threshold for operation of the TLOW output. Read Counter [A0h] This command reads the value of the counter byte. The next nine clock cycles will output the contents of this register. Read Slope [A9h] This command reads the value of the slope counter byte from the DS1620. The next nine clock cycles will output the contents of this register. Start Convert T [EEh] This command begins a temperature conversion. No further data is required. In one–shot mode the temperature conversion will be performed and then the DS1620 will remain idle. In continuous mode this command will initiate continuous conversions. Stop Convert T [22h] This command stops temperature conversion. No further data is required. This command may be used to halt a DS1620 in continuous conversion mode. After issuing this command the current temperature measurement will be completed and then the DS1620 will remain idle until a Start Convert T is issued to resume continuous operation. Write Config [0Ch] This command writes to the configuration register. After issuing this command the next eight clock cycles clock in the value of the configuration register. Read Config [ACh] This command reads the value in the configuration register. After issuing this command the next eight clock cycles output the value of the configuration register. 7 of 13 DS1620 COMMAND SET Table 3 3-WIRE BUS DATA AFTER ISSUING INSTRUCTION DESCRIPTION PROTOCOL PROTOCOL TEMPERATURE CONVERSION COMMANDS Read Temperature Reads last converted temperature AAh value from temperature register. Read Counter Reads value of count remaining A0h from counter. Read Slope Reads value of the slope A9h accumulator. Start Convert T Initiates temperature conversion. EEh Idle Stop Convert T Halts temperature conversion. 22h Idle THERMOSTAT COMMANDS Write TH Writes high temperature limit value 01h into TH register. Write TL Writes low temperature limit value 02h into TL register. Read TH Reads stored value of high A1h temperature limit from TH register. Read TL Reads stored value of low A2h temperature limit from TL register. Write Config Writes configuration data to 0Ch configuration register. Read Config Reads configuration data from ACh configuration register. DS1620 NOTES 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 NOTES: 1. In continuous conversion mode, a Stop Convert T command will halt continuous conversion. To restart, the Start Convert T command must be issued. In one–shot mode, a Start Convert T command must be issued for every temperature reading desired. 2. Writing to the E2 typically requires 10 ms at room temperature. After issuing a write command no further writes should be requested for at least 10 ms. 8 of 13 DS1620 FUNCTION EXAMPLE Example: CPU sets up DS1620 for continuous conversion and thermostatic function. DS1620 MODE CPU MODE (3-WIRE) DATA (LSB FIRST) COMMENTS TX RX 0Ch CPU issues Write Config command TX RX 00h CPU sets DS1620 up for continuous conversion TX RX Toggle RST CPU issues Reset to DS1620 TX RX 01h CPU issues Write TH command TX RX 0050h CPU sends data for TH limit of +40°C TX RX Toggle RST CPU issues Reset to DS1620 TX RX 02h CPU issues Write TL command TX RX 0014h CPU sends data for TL limit of +10°C TX RX Toggle RST CPU issues Reset to DS1620 TX RX A1h CPU issues Read TH command RX TX 0050h DS1620 sends back stored value of TH for CPU to verify TX RX Toggle RST CPU issues Reset to DS1620 TX RX A2h CPU issues Read TL command RX TX 0014h DS1620 sends back stored value of TL for CPU to verify TX RX Toggle RST CPU issues Reset to DS1620 TX RX EEh CPU issues Start Convert T command TX RX Drop RST CPU issues Reset to DS1620 READ DATA TRANSFER Figure 4 9 of 13 WRITE DATA TRANSFER Figure 5 DS1620 NOTE: tCL, tCH, tR, and tF apply to both read and write data transfer. RELATED APPLICATION NOTES The following Application Notes can be applied to the DS1620. These notes can be obtained from the Dallas Semiconductor “Application Note Book”, via our Web site at http:\\www.dalsemi.com/, or through our faxback service at (972) 371–4441. Application Note 67: “Applying and Using the DS1620 in Temperature Control Applications” Application Note 85: “Interfacing the DS1620 to the Motorola SPI Bus” Application Note 105: “High Resolution Temperature Measurement with Dallas Direct–to–Digital Temperature Sensors” Sample DS1620 subroutines that can be used in conjunction with AN105 can be downloaded from the web-site or our Anonymous FTP Site. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS* Voltage on Any Pin Relative to Ground Operating Temperature Storage Temperature Soldering Temperature –0.5V to +7.0V –55°C to +125°C –55°C to +125°C 260°C for 10 seconds * This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation sections of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods of time may affect reliability. RECOMMENDED DC OPERATING CONDITIONS PARAMETER SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX Supply VDD 2.7 5.5 Logic 1 Logic 0 VIH 2.0 VIL -0.3 VCC+0.3 +0.6 UNITS V V V NOTES 1 1 1 10 of 13 DS1620 DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (-55°C to +125°C; VDD=2.7V to 5.5V) PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITION MIN MAX UNITS NOTES Thermometer Error TERR 0°C to +70°C -55°C to +0°C ±½ °C 10, 11 and 70°C to See Typical Curve 125°C Logic 0 Output VOL 0.4 V 3 Logic 1 Output VOH 2.4 V 2 Input Resistance RI RST to GND 1 MΩ DQ, CLK to VDD 1 MΩ Active Supply Current ICC 0°C to +70°C 1 mA 4, 5 Standby Supply Current ISTBY 0°C to +70°C 1 µA 4, 5 SINGLE CONVERT TIMING DIAGRAM (STAND-ALONE MODE) CONV tCNV AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (-55°C to +125°C; VDD=2.7V to 5.5V) PARAMETERS SYMBOL MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES Temperature Conversion Time TTC 400 1000 ms Data to CLK Setup tDC 35 ns 6 CLK to Data Hold tCDH 40 ns 6 CLK to Data Delay tCDD 100 ns 6, 7, 8 CLK Low Time tCL 285 ns 6 CLK High Time tCH 285 ns 6 CLK Frequency fCLK DC 1.75 MHz 6 CLK Rise and Fall tR, tF 500 ns RST to CLK Setup tCC 100 ns 6 CLK to RST Hold tCCH 40 ns 6 RST Inactive Time tCWH 125 ns 6, 9 CLK High to I/O High-Z tCDZ 50 ns 6 RST Low to I/O High-Z tRDZ 50 ns 6 Convert Pulse Width tCNV 250 ns 500 ms NV Write Cycle Time tWR 10 50 ms 12 AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS PARAMETER SYMBOL Input Capacitance CI I/O Capacitance CI/O (-55°C to +125°C; VDD=2.7V to 5.5V) MIN TYP MAX UNITS NOTES 5 pF 10 pF 11 of 13 NOTES: 1. All voltages are referenced to ground. DS1620 2. Logic 1 voltages are specified at a source current of 1 mA. 3. Logic 0 voltages are specified at a sink current of 4 mA. 4. ICC specified with DQ pin open and CLK pin at VDD. 5. ICC specified with VCC at 5.0V and RST =GND. 6. Measured at VIH = 2.0V or VIL = 0.8V. 7. Measured at VOH = 2.4V or VOL = 0.4V. 8. Load capacitance = 50 pF. 9. tCWH must be 10 ms minimum following any write command that involves the E2 memory. 10. See typical curve for specification limits outside 0°C to 70°C range. 11. Thermometer error reflects temperature accuracy as tested during calibration. 12. Writing to the nonvolatile memory should only take place in the 0°C to 70°C temperature range. 13. Valid for design revisions D1 and above. The supply range for Rev. C2 and below is 4.5V < 5.5V. 12 of 13 TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CURVE DS1620 DIGITAL THERMOMETER AND THERMOSTAT TEMPERATURE READING ERROR DS1620 TEMPERATURE (deg. C) 13 of 13

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