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[-]-jis a1400-2007 radiators, convectors and similar appliances -- methods of performance test.pdf

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A 1400ɿ2007 ໨ç ࣍ ϖʔδ 1ç ద༻ൣғ ································································································································································· 1 2ç Ҿ༻‫ ································································································································································· ֨ن‬1 3ç ༻‫ͼٴޠ‬ఆٛ ························································································································································· 1 4ç ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷछྨ ····················································································································································· 1 5ç ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷ֓ཁ ····················································································································································· 2 5.1ç ԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ·········································································································· 2 5.2ç ৠ‫ؾ‬Λ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ·········································································································· 2 5.3ç ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ·································································································· 2 6ç ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷछྨ ························································································································································· 2 7ç ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ֓ཁ ························································································································································· 2 7.1ç ։์‫ ······················································································································································ ࣨݧࢼܗ‬2 7.2ç ۭྫྷີด‫ ·············································································································································· ࣨݧࢼܗ‬2 7.3ç ӷྫྷີด‫ ·············································································································································· ࣨݧࢼܗ‬3 8ç ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷߍਖ਼ ························································································································································· 3 9ç ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ํࢉܭ‬๏‫݁ݧࢼͼٴ‬Ռͷใࠂ ········································································································· 3 9.1ç ์೤ೳྗ ······························································································································································ 3 9.2ç ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗ ······················································································································································ 3 ෟଐॻ Aʢ‫ن‬ఆʣԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏········································································ 4 ෟଐॻ Bʢ‫ن‬ఆʣৠ‫ؾ‬Λ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏·······································································12 ෟଐॻ Cʢ‫ن‬ఆʣ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷͨΊͷࢼ‫·································································································· ࣨݧ‬21 ෟଐॻ Dʢ‫ن‬ఆʣ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏···········································································26 ෟଐॻ EʢࢀߟʣϚελʔϥδΤʔλΛ࢖༻͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷߍਖ਼ํ๏ ·······························································33 ʢ1ʣ A 1400ɿ2007 ·͕͖͑ ͜ͷ‫֨ن‬͸ɼ޻‫ۀ‬ඪ४Խ๏ୈ 14 ৚ʹΑͬͯ४༻͢Δୈ 12 ৚ୈ 1 ߲ͷ‫ن‬ఆʹ‫͖ͮج‬ɼ೔ຊஆ๪‫ۀ޻ثػ‬ ձ‫ஂࡒͼٴ‬๏ਓ೔ຊ‫ڠ֨ن‬ձ(JSA)͔Βɼ޻‫ۀ‬ඪ४‫ݪ‬ҊΛ۩ͯ͠೔ຊ޻‫֨نۀ‬Λվਖ਼͢΂͖ͱͷਃग़͕͋Γɼ ೔ຊ޻‫ۀ‬ඪ४ௐࠪձͷ৹ٞΛ‫ͯܦ‬ɼ‫ۀ࢈ࡁܦ‬େਉ͕վਖ਼ͨ͠೔ຊ޻‫͋Ͱ֨نۀ‬Δɻ ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɼJIS A 1400:1998 ͸վਖ਼͞Εɼ͜ͷ‫ʹ֨ن‬ஔ͖‫͑׵‬ΒΕͨɻ ͜ͷ‫֨ن‬͸ɼஶ࡞‫ݖ‬๏Ͱอ‫ޢ‬ର৅ͱͳ͍ͬͯΔஶ࡞෺Ͱ͋Δɻ ͜ͷ‫֨ن‬ͷҰ෦͕ɼಛ‫ݖڐ‬ɼग़‫ެئ‬։‫ޙ‬ͷಛ‫ڐ‬ग़‫ئ‬ɼ࣮༻৽Ҋ‫ݖ‬ຢ͸ग़‫ެئ‬։‫ޙ‬ͷ࣮༻৽Ҋొ࿥ग़‫ʹئ‬ ఍৮͢ΔՄೳੑ͕͋Δ͜ͱʹ஫ҙΛ‫͢ىש‬Δɻ‫ۀ࢈ࡁܦ‬େਉ‫ͼٴ‬೔ຊ޻‫ۀ‬ඪ४ௐࠪձ͸ɼ͜ͷΑ͏ͳಛ‫ڐ‬ ‫ݖ‬ɼग़‫ެئ‬։‫ޙ‬ͷಛ‫ڐ‬ग़‫ئ‬ɼ࣮༻৽Ҋ‫ݖ‬ຢ͸ग़‫ެئ‬։‫ޙ‬ͷ࣮༻৽Ҋొ࿥ग़‫܎ʹئ‬Δ֬ೝʹ͍ͭͯɼ੹೚͸ ΋ͨͳ͍ɻ ʢ2ʣ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 ೔ຊ޻‫֨نۀ‬ç ç ç JIS A 1400ɿ2007 ஆ๪༻ࣗવରྲྀɾ์ࣹ‫์ܗ‬೤‫ث‬ʵੑೳࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ Radiators, convectors and similar appliancesʵMethods of performance test 1 ద༻ൣғ ͜ͷ‫֨ن‬͸ɼஆ๪༻ࣗવରྲྀɾ์ࣹ‫์ܗ‬೤‫ث‬ʢҎԼɼ์೤‫͏͍ͱث‬ɻʣͷੑೳࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹ͍ͭͯ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δɻ ੑೳࢼ‫์ʹ࣌ݧ‬೤‫͢څڙʹث‬ΔԹਫຢ͸ৠ‫ؾ‬ͷԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬ѹྗͷ‫౓ݶ‬͸ɼ์೤‫ʹͱ͝ث‬੡଄‫ऀۀ‬ͷఆΊΔ஋ ʢ࠷ߴ࢖༻Թ౓‫༻࢖ߴ࠷ͼٴ‬ѹྗʣҎԼͱ͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼ͜ͷ‫͏͍Ͱ֨ن‬ৠ‫ͱؾ‬͸ɼ͢΂ͯ๞࿨ৠ‫ؾ‬Λࢦ͠ɼѹྗ͸ɼ͢΂ͯήʔδѹྗͱ͢Δɻ 2 Ҿ༻‫֨ن‬ ࣍ʹ‫͛ܝ‬Δ‫֨ن‬͸ɼ͜ͷ‫ʹ֨ن‬Ҿ༻͞ΕΔ͜ͱʹΑͬͯɼ͜ͷ‫֨ن‬ͷ‫ن‬ఆͷҰ෦Λߏ੒͢Δɻ͜ΕΒͷ Ҿ༻‫֨ن‬͸ɼͦͷ࠷৽൛ʢ௥ิΛ‫ؚ‬ΉɻʣΛద༻͢Δɻ JIS A 4004ç ஆ๪༻ࣗવରྲྀɾ์ࣹ‫์ܗ‬೤‫ث‬ʵछྨ‫ͼٴ‬ཁ‫߲ࣄٻ‬ JIS Z 8704ç Թ౓ଌఆํ๏ʵి‫ؾ‬తํ๏ 3 ༻‫ͼٴޠ‬ఆٛ ͜ͷ‫͍༻Ͱ֨ن‬Δओͳ༻‫ͼٴޠ‬ఆٛ͸ɼJIS A 4004 ʹΑΔ΄͔ɼ࣍ʹΑΔɻ 3.1 ‫ܗ‬ଶ܎਺ ೋͭͷ໘ 1ɼ2 ͕ۭؒΛִͯͯ૬ର͢Δͱ͖ɼ໘ 1 ͔Β์ࣹ͞Ε໘ 2 ʹ௚઀ೖࣹ͢Δ์ࣹ೤ྔͷൺΛɼ໘ 1 ͔Β໘ 2 ΁ͷ‫ܗ‬ଶ܎਺ͱ͍͍ɼF12 ͱॻ͘ɻ‫ܗ‬ଶ܎਺͸ɼ2 ໘ͷେ͖͞ɼ‫ܗ‬ঢ়ɼ૬ରҐஔɼ֯ؔ܎ͳͲ‫ز‬ Կֶతͳؔ܎͚ͩͰܾ·Δ஋Ͱ͋Δɻ 4 ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷछྨ ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷछྨ͸ɼද 1 ͷͱ͓Γͱ͢Δɻ ද 1ʵࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷछྨ ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷछྨ ԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ৠ‫ؾ‬Λ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δ์ࣹ์ ೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ཁࢫ ์೤‫͞څڙʹث‬ΕΔԹਫͷ೤༰ྔΛɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗͱ͢Δɻ ‫͞څڙ‬ΕΔԹਫͷ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫͚͓ʹޱ‬ΔΤϯλϧϐͷ͔ࠩΒ์೤ೳྗ Λ‫ٻ‬ΊΔɻ ์೤‫͞څڙʹث‬ΕΔৠ‫ؾ‬ͷ೤༰ྔΛɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗͱ͢Δɻ ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔ͔Β์೤ೳྗΛ‫ٻ‬ΊΔɻ ์೤‫ث‬લ໘ʹ೤ः΁͍൘Λஔ͍ͨ৔߹ͱஔ͔ͳ͍৔߹ͷͦΕͧΕͷ์ࣹ೤ྔ Λ์ࣹ‫ʹܭ‬Αͬͯ‫ܭ‬ଌ͠ɼͦͷ͔ࠩΒ์೤‫ث‬ͷਖ਼ຯ์ࣹ೤ྔΛ‫ٻ‬ΊΔɻ 2 A 1400ɿ2007 5 ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷ֓ཁ 5.1 ԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ์೤‫ث‬ͷೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫͚͓ʹޱ‬Δ೤ഔͷԹ౓ͱɼ์೤‫ث‬ΛྲྀΕΔ೤ഔͷྲྀྔΛଌఆ͢Δ͜ͱʹΑͬͯɼ೤ ഔͷΤϯλϧϐͷࠩͱ࣭ྔྲྀྔΛ৐͡ɼ์೤ೳྗΛ‫ٻ‬ΊΔɻࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷৄࡉ͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹΑΔɻ 5.2 ৠ‫ؾ‬Λ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ์೤‫ث‬ͷ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔΛଌఆ͢Δ͜ͱʹΑͬͯɼ์೤ೳྗΛ‫ٻ‬ΊΔɻࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷৄࡉ͸ɼෟଐॻ B ʹΑΔɻ 5.3 ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ์೤‫ث‬Λ A.6.3 ʹࣔ͢ఆৗঢ়ଶʹͳΔΑ͏ʹɼ೤ഔͷ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧࢼͼٴڅڙ‬Թ౓ͷ੍‫ޚ‬Λߦ͏ɻͦͷ҆ ఆঢ়ଶʹ͓͍ͯɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷલํ 0.6 m ͷҐஔͰɼ์ࣹ‫ʹܭ‬Αͬͯ์ࣹྔΛଌఆ͢Δɻ ࣍ʹɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷ͙͢લʹۙ઀ͯ͠೤ः΁͍൘Λஔ͍ͯ์೤‫͔ث‬Βͷ์ࣹΛःΓɼ͜ͷঢ়ଶͰಉ͡ҐஔͰ ์ࣹ‫ʹܭ‬Αͬͯ์ࣹྔΛଌఆ͢Δɻ೤ः΁͍൘ʹΑͬͯ์೤‫͔ث‬Βͷ์ࣹ೤͚͕ͩःΒΕΔͷͰɼः΁͍ ൘Λஔ͍ͨͱ͖ͱஔ͔ͳ͍ͱ͖ͷ์೤ྔͷ͔ࠩΒɼ์೤‫͔ث‬Βͷਖ਼ຯ์ࣹ೤ྔΛ‫ٻ‬ΊΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δɻ ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ͷৄࡉ͸ɼෟଐॻ D ʹΑΔɻ 6 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷछྨ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫͢༻࢖ʹݧ‬Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷछྨ͸ɼද 2 ͷͱ͓Γͱ͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼ͜ͷ‫͍͓ͯʹ֨ن‬ɼࢼ‫ߏͰͱࣨ֎ͱࣨ಺͕ࣨݧ‬੒͞ΕΔ৔߹ʹ͸ɼಛʹஅΓ͕ͳ͍‫ݶ‬Γɼ์೤‫ث‬ Λઃஔ͢Δ಺ࣨΛࢼ‫͏͍ͱࣨݧ‬ɻ ද 2ʵࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷछྨ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷछྨ ։์‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ ۭྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ ӷྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ ཁࢫ ์೤‫ث‬Λઃஔ͢Δ಺ࣨͱɼͦΕΛऔΓғΉ֎ࣨͱ͔ΒͳΔೋॏߏ଄ͷࢼ‫Ͱࣨݧ‬ɼ಺ࣨͷ চ໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ʹ͸ۭ‫ؾ‬ͷग़ೖ‫ͳͱޱ‬Δ։‫ޱ‬෦Λઃ͚Δɻ ์೤‫ث‬Λઃஔ͢Δ಺ࣨͱɼͦΕΛऔΓғΉ֎ࣨͱ͔ΒͳΔೋॏߏ଄ͷࢼ‫Ͱࣨݧ‬ɼ಺ࣨΛ ߏ੒͢ΔนମʹͰ͖Δ͚ͩ೤Λಁաͤ͞΍͍͢෦ࡐΛ࢖༻͢Δɻ ์೤‫ث‬Λઃஔ͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷนମʹɼྫྷਫͦͷଞͷྫྷ٫༻ഔମΛ௨͢ύΠϓɼύωϧͳͲ Λઃஔ͢Δɻ 7 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ֓ཁ 7.1 ։์‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ ์೤‫ث‬Ληοτ͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λ։์‫͢ͱࣜํྫྷۭͰܗ‬Δࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏Ͱɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸಺ࣨͱ֎ࣨͱΛ΋ͭೋॏߏ ଄ͱ͠ɼ಺ࣨʹ֎ࣨͱ௨ͣΔ௨෩޸Λઃ͚Δߏ଄ͱ͢Δɻࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ʢ಺ࣨʣ಺ʹ์೤‫ث‬Ληοτͯ͠ɼ֎෦ ͔Β഑؅Λ௨ͯ͠೤ഔΛ‫͠څڙ‬ɼ͜ΕʹΑͬͯൃੜ͢Δ೤ෛՙΛఱҪ໘ͷ։‫ޱ‬෦͔Βۭ‫ͱͱؾ‬΋ʹ֎ࣨʹ ಀ͕͢ํ๏Ͱ͋Δɻ ֎ࣨʹ͓͍ͯ͸ɼྫྷ٫ϑΝϯʹΑΔۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ‫੍ڧ‬॥‫؀‬ɼϑΝϯΛ࢖Θͳ͍ࣗવ॥‫؀‬ɼຢ͸ۭௐ‫ʹػ‬Αͬͯɼ ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ྔʹ‫͏߹ݟ‬೤ྔΛআ‫͢ڈ‬Δɻ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɼ์೤‫͔ث‬Βͷ์೤ྔͱɼ֎ࣨʹΑͬͯআ‫͞ڈ‬Ε Δ೤ྔͱΛόϥϯεͤ͞ɼࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ΛҰఆʹอͭɻࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷৄࡉ͸ɼෟଐॻ C ʹΑΔɻ ஫‫ۭ ه‬ௐ‫ػ‬Λ࢖༻͠ͳ͍৔߹͸ɼ೤ෛՙͷ‫੍ڧ‬తͳআ‫ڈ‬ΛߦΘͳ͍ͷͰɼ֎෦Թ౓ͷ҆ఆͨ࣌͠ࠁ ΛબΜͰࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦ͏ɻ 7.2 ۭྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ ์೤‫ث‬Ληοτ͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λີด‫͢ͱࣜํྫྷۭͰܗ‬Δࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏Ͱɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λ಺ࣨͱ֎ࣨͱΛ΋ͭೋॏߏ ଄ͱ͢Δɻࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ʢ಺ࣨʣ಺ʹ์೤‫ث‬Ληοτͯ͠ɼ֎෦͔Β഑؅Λ௨ͯ͠೤ഔΛ‫͠څڙ‬ɼ͜ΕʹΑͬͯ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 3 A 1400ɿ2007 ൃੜ͢Δ೤ෛՙΛࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷนΛ௨ͯ͠֎ࣨʹಀ͕͢ํ๏Ͱ͋Δɻ ֎ࣨʹ͓͍ͯ͸ɼۭௐ‫ʹػ‬Αۭͬͯ‫ؾ‬ͷ॥‫؀‬Λ൐͏ྫྷ٫ʹΑͬͯ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ྔʹ‫͏߹ݟ‬೤ྔΛআ‫͢ڈ‬ Δɻ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɼ์೤‫͔ث‬Βͷ์೤ྔͱɼۭௐ‫ʹػ‬Αͬͯ಺͔ࣨΒআ‫͢ڈ‬Δ೤ྔͱΛόϥϯεͤ͞ɼࢼ ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ΛҰఆʹอͭɻࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷৄࡉ͸ɼෟଐॻ C ʹΑΔɻç 7.3 ӷྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ ์೤‫ث‬Ληοτ͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λີด‫Ͱܗ‬ӷྫྷํࣜͱ͢Δࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏Ͱɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷपนʢচ‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪΛ‫ؚ‬Ήɻʣ ʹྫྷ٫ύΠϓΛ८ΒͤΔ͔ຢ͸ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷนࣗମΛ಺෦ʹྫྷ٫ӷͳͲ͕௨ͤΔΑ͏ʹͨ͠΋ͷͰߏ੒͢Δɻ ࢼ‫์ʹ಺ࣨݧ‬೤‫ث‬Ληοτͯ͠ɼ֎෦͔Β഑؅Λ௨ͯ͠೤ഔΛ‫͠څڙ‬ɼ͜ΕʹΑͬͯൃੜ͢Δ೤ෛՙΛ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷपนʹ८Βͤͨྫྷ٫ύΠϓຢ͸ྫྷ٫ӷΛ௨ͨ͡นύωϧʹಀ͕͢͜ͱʹΑͬͯɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ྔ ʹ‫͏߹ݟ‬೤ྔΛআ‫͢ڈ‬Δɻ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɼ์೤‫͔ث‬Βͷ์೤ྔͱɼྫྷ٫ӷʹΑͬͯࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬पน͔Βআ‫͢ڈ‬ Δ೤ྔͱΛόϥϯεͤ͞ɼࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ΛҰఆʹอͭɻࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷৄࡉ͸ɼෟଐॻ C ʹΑΔɻç ஫‫͜ ه‬ͷํࣜͷ৔߹ɼนମΛྫྷ٫͢ΔͨΊͷྫྷഔຢ͸ྫྷ٫ӷΛ‫͢څڙ‬Δඞཁ͕͋Δ͕ɼۭྫྷํࣜͷ ͱ͖ͷΑ͏ͳ֎ࣨ͸ෆཁʹͳΔɻç 8 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷߍਖ਼ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫͢༻࢖ʹݧ‬Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷߍਖ਼͸ɼෟଐॻ E ʹΑͬͯߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δɻ 9 ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ํࢉܭ‬๏‫݁ݧࢼͼٴ‬Ռͷใࠂ 9.1 ์೤ೳྗ ։์‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ɼۭྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ຢ͸ӷྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬Λ༻͍ͨ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ݁Ռ͔Βɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์ ೤ೳྗΛࢉग़͢Δํ๏‫݁ݧࢼͼٴ‬Ռͷใࠂ͸ɼԹਫ༻์೤‫ث‬ͷ৔߹͸ෟଐॻ Aɼৠ‫์༻ؾ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ৔߹͸ෟ ଐॻ B ʹΑΔɻç 9.2 ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗ ։์‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ɼۭྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ຢ͸ӷྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬Λ༻͍ͨ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ݁Ռ͔Βɼ์೤‫ث‬ ͷ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗΛࢉग़͢Δํ๏‫݁ݧࢼͼٴ‬Ռͷใࠂ͸ɼෟଐॻ D ʹΑΔɻ 4 A 1400ɿ2007 ෟଐॻ A ʢ‫ن‬ఆʣ ԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ংจ ͜ͷෟଐॻ͸ɼԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹ͍ͭͯ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δ΋ͷͰɼ֤์೤‫ث‬ͷ‫ࣜܗ‬ ʹԠͯ͡ઃఆ͞Εͨ৚݅ʹै͍ɼఆৗঢ়ଶͰߦΘΕΔࢼ‫ʹݧ‬ద༻͢Δɻ·ͨɼ์೤‫ʹث‬ಛघͳઃஔ৚݅Λ ઃఆͨ͠ͱ͖ʹ΋ద༻Ͱ͖Δɻ A.1 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ ์೤‫ث‬ͷঢ়ଶΛҰఆʹอͭͨΊʹɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λઃ͚Δɻࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷେ͖͞ɼߏ଄ͳͲ͸ෟଐॻ C ʹΑΔɻ A.2 ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ A.2.1 Թ࣪౓ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ç Թ࣪౓ͷଌఆ͸ɼ͋Β͔͡Ίߍਖ਼͞Εͨਫۜ෧ೖΨϥε੡Թ౓‫ܭ‬ɼ೤ిରԹ౓‫ܭ‬ɼ ఍߅Թ౓‫ܭ‬ɼαʔϛελԹ౓‫Ͳͳܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δɻ͜ΕΒͷԹ࣪౓‫ܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼ ਫ਼౓͸ͦͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ஋ʹ͓͍ͯɼද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻç A.2.2 ਫྔଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ç ਫྔͷଌఆ͸ɼྲྀྔ‫ܭ‬ɼΦϦϑΟεϝʔλຢ͸࣭ྔए͘͠͸ମੵΛ௚઀ଌఆ͢Δਫ ྔ‫ܭ‬Λ༻͍Δɻਫྔଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼਫ਼౓͸ͦͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ஋ʹ͓͍ͯɼද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻ A.2.3 ௨ਫ఍߅ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ç ௨ਫ఍߅ͷଌఆ͸ɼਫѹྗ‫ܭ‬Λ༻͍Δɻਫѹྗଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼਫ਼౓͸ϑϧεέʔϧʹ͓͍ͯɼද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻ A.2.4 େ‫ؾ‬ѹଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ç େ‫ؾ‬ͷѹྗଌఆ͸ɼ‫ؾ‬ѹ‫ܭ‬Λ༻͍Δɻ͜ͷ‫ثܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻç ·ͨɼਫ਼౓͸ͦͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ஋ʹ͓͍ͯɼද A.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻ ද A.1ʵଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ͷ 1 ໨੝ͷ஋‫ͼٴ‬ਫ਼౓ ଌఆ߲໨ Թ࣪౓ଌఆ ਫྔଌఆ େ‫ؾ‬ѹྗଌఆ ௨ਫ఍߅ଌఆ ‫ٿס‬Թ౓‫ܭ‬ ࣪‫ٿ‬Թ౓‫ܭ‬ ਫྔ‫ܭ‬ ྲྀྔ‫ܭ‬ ‫ؾ‬ѹ‫ܭ‬ ਫѹྗ‫ܭ‬ ‫ثܭ‬ ۭ‫ٿ࣪ͼٴٿסؾ‬Թ౓༻ ԹਫԹ౓༻ ҰൠԹ౓༻ ࣭ྔ‫ܭ‬ ༰ੵ‫ܭ‬ ࣌‫ܭ‬ ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋ 0.1 ˆҎԼ 0.1 ˆҎԼ 1ˆ 5 g ҎԼ 5 cm3 ҎԼ 0.1 s ҎԼ 0.01 L/h ҎԼ 0.1 hPa ҎԼ ‫ܭ‬ଌ஋ͷ 5 %ҎԼ ਫ਼౓ ʶ0.1 ˆ ʶ0.1 ˆ ʶ0.5 ˆ ʶ0.5 % ʶ0.5 % ʶ0.5 % ʶ0.5 % ʶ0.25 hPa ʶ1.6 %F.S A.3 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔ A.3.1 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମç ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߏ੒͸ɼਤ A.1 ͷྫʹΑΔɻ ͳ͓ɼԹਫΛ‫͢څڙ‬Δࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔͷߏ੒͸ɼཁ‫ٻ‬৚݅ʹద߹͢Δଞͷ૷ஔΛ࢖༻ͯ͠΋Α͍ɻ A.3.2 Թਫ‫ݯڅڙ‬ç Թਫ‫ݯڅڙ‬͸ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த҆ఆͨ͠Թ౓ͱਫྔΛอ࣋ͯ͠‫͖Ͱڅڙ‬Δ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 5 A 1400ɿ2007 A.3.3 ؅‫ܥ‬ç ؅‫ܥ‬͸ɼదॴʹ؅಺ͷۭ‫ؾ‬๐͕໨ࢹͰ͖Δߏ଄ͱ͠ɼۭ‫ؾ‬ൈ͖ͦͷଞඞཁͳ΋ͷΛઃ͚ɼࢼ ‫ݧ‬தɼਫʹۭ‫ؾ‬๐͕ࠞೖ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍͜ͱΛ֬ೝͰ͖Δ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻç ਤ A.1ʵࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߏ੒ྫ A.4 ଌఆ૷ஔ A.4.1 Ұൠ ଌఆ૷ஔ͸ɼਤ A.1 ‫ͼٴ‬ਤ A.2 ʹࣔ͢ঢ়ଶͰɼਤʹࣔ͢ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ຢ͸͜Εʹ४͡Δଌఆ‫ʹثܭ‬Αͬͯɼ ۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ‫ٿס‬Թ౓ɼ࣪‫ٿ‬Թ౓ɼ೤‫͢ͱݯ‬ΔԹਫͷ௨ਫྔɼਫೖ‫ޱ‬Թ౓ɼਫग़‫ޱ‬Թ౓ɼਫೖ‫ޱ‬ѹྗ‫ͼٴ‬ਫग़‫ޱ‬ ѹྗΛଌఆ͢Δɻ A.4.2 ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬ɼนɼচ‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ͷଌఆ ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬นԹ౓ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬চ໘Թ౓‫ࣨݧࢼͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ͷଌఆʹ͸ɼ์ࣹͷӨ‫ڹ‬Λഉ আͨ͠‫ײ‬ԹମΛ༻͍Δɻ‫ײ‬Թମ͸ɼ͋Β͔͡Ίߍਖ਼ͨ͠ T ‫ܗ‬೤ిରຢ͸നۚଌԹ఍߅ମͷ࢖༻͕๬·͍͠ɻ ଌఆ఺͸࣍ͷͱ͓Γͱ͠ɼԹ౓ଌఆͷͨΊͷ‫ײ‬Թମͷ഑ஔΛɼਤ A.2 ʹࣔ͢ɻ a)ç ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷத৺ਨ௚࣠ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ 1)ç ୅ද఺ɿচ໘্ 0.75 m 2)ç চ໘্ç 0.05 mɼ0.50 m ‫ ͼٴ‬1.50 m ఱҪ໘Լç 0.05 m b)ç ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 4 ۱ͷਨ௚࣠ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 4 ۱Ͱ௚ަ͢Δ 2 น໘͔ΒɼͦΕͧΕ 1 m ͷ 4 ਨ௚߹‫ ܭ‬8 ఺ʢ֤ਨ௚࣠ʹ 2 ఺ʣ চ໘্ç 0.75 m ‫ ͼٴ‬1.50 m c)ç ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷน໘Թ౓ 1)ç ֎น໘ɼচ໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ͷ֤த఺ɿ߹‫ ܭ‬6 ఺ 2)ç ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫͕ث‬ઃஔ͞ΕΔཪଆର޲น໘ͷத৺ਨ௚্࣠Ͱɼচ໘্ 0.3 m ͷ఺ 6 A 1400ɿ2007 d)ç ͦͷଞͷଌఆ 1)ç ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬ͷ૬ର࣪౓ 2)ç ֎ࣨ಺Λ॥‫͢؀‬Δۭ‫ؾ‬ͷԹ౓ 3)ç େ‫ؾ‬ѹ ୯Ґç m ਤ A.2ʵࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ɼนɼচ‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ଌఆͷͨΊͷ‫ײ‬Թମͷ഑ஔ A.4.3 ೤‫ݯ‬ਫྔɼਫԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬ѹྗͷଌఆ ೤‫ݯ‬ਫྔɼਫԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬ѹྗͷଌఆ͸ɼ࣍ʹΑΔɻ a)ç ೤‫ݯ‬ਫྔͷଌఆç ਫྔଌఆ͸ɼ͸͔ΓΛ༻͍࣭ͯྔ๏Ͱଌఆ͢Δ͔ຢ͸ਫྔ‫ʹܭ‬Αͬͯ‫ܭ‬ଌ͢Δɻ༰ ੵຢ͸࣭ྔ๏ʹΑΔਫྔଌఆ๏Ͱ͸ɼগͳ͘ͱ΋ 2 ෼ؒͷྲྀྔΛ஝ੵͰ͖Δ༰‫ث‬Λઃ͚ͯ‫ܭ‬ଌ͠ͳ͚ Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻਫྔଌఆΛ࣭ྔ๏Ͱߦ͏৔߹͸ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬தྲྀΕ͍ͯΔਫྔ͕҆ఆ͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱΛ֬ೝ͢ ΔͨΊʹɼॠؒྲྀྔ‫ܭ‬ຢ͸ΦϦϑΟεϝʔλΛซઃ͢Δɻ b)ç ೤‫ݯ‬ਫԹͷଌఆç ਫԹͷଌఆ͸ɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷίΠϧͷਫೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ਫग़‫͖Ͱʹޱ‬Δ͚͍ͩۙҐஔͰɼԹ౓ ‫ܭ‬ɼԹ౓ηϯαͳͲΛ༻͍ͯߦ͏ɻ c)ç ഑؅ͷอԹç ਫԹ౓ଌఆ૷ஔ‫ͼٴ‬ਫԹ౓ଌఆ૷ஔͱ์೤‫ͱث‬ͷؒͷ഑؅ɼฒͼʹਫԹ౓ଌఆ૷ஔΛ௒ ͑ͯ 150 mm ͷؒͷ഑؅͸ɼ͍ͣΕ΋อԹ͢Δ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻ d)ç ௨ਫ఍߅ͷଌఆç ์೤‫ث‬ͷೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷѹྗΛɼਫѹྗ‫ʹܭ‬Αͬͯଌఆ͢Δɻ A.5 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ‫ݪ‬ཧ ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗ͸೤ഔଆͷଌఆ஋Λ༻͍ɼ์೤‫ث‬Λ௨ա͢Δ೤ഔྲྀྔͱೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷൺΤϯλϧϐ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 ࠩͱʹΑͬͯࢉग़͢Δɻç ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗ͸ɼ࣍ͷࣜͰ༩͑ΒΕΔɻ QʹWm (h1ʵh2 ) 7 A 1400ɿ2007 ͜͜ʹɼ Qɿ ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗ (W) Wmɿ ೤ഔͷ࣭ྔྲྀྔʢ࣭ྔ଎౓ʣ(kg/s) h1ɼh2ɿ ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫͚͓ʹޱ‬Δ೤ഔͷൺΤϯλϧϐ (J/kg) h1 ‫ ͼٴ‬h2 ͸ɼࢼ‫࣌ݧ‬ͷ์೤‫ث‬ग़ೖ‫͚͓ʹޱ‬ΔѹྗɼԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬೤ഔͷঢ়ଶΛ‫ʹج‬ɼ࠷৽ͷৠ‫ؾ‬දʹΑͬͯ ‫ٻ‬ΊΔɻ A.6 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ཁ߲ A.6.1 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ४උ A.6.1.1 ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ࢓༷ൣғ ͜ͷෟଐॻʹ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δํ๏Ͱੑೳࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦͬͯ΋Α͍์೤‫ث‬͸ɼ࣍ͷ࢓༷Λ΋ͭ์೤‫͢ͱث‬Δɻ a)ç ์೤ೳྗ͸ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ୯Ґ༰ੵ౰ͨΓ 87 W/m3 ҎԼͱ͢Δɻ b)ç ์೤ೳྗ͸ɼ700 W Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻ c)ç ์೤‫ث‬ͷ෯ʢ௕͞ʣ͸ɼ0.5 m Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻͨͩ͠ɼͨͯ௕‫ܗ‬ͷ์೤‫ͯͬ͋ʹث‬͸ɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷߴ͕͞ 0.5 m Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻ A.6.1.2 ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷઃஔํ๏ a) ์೤‫ث‬͸ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 1 น໘ʢਤ A.2 ʹࣔ͢ N ໘ʣʹฏߦͰɼน໘த৺࣠ʹର͠ରশͱͳΔΑ͏ઃஔ͢ Δɻͨͩ͠ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊͨಛผͳઃஔ৚͕݅͋Δ৔߹͸ɼͦΕʹΑΔɻ b) ์೤‫ث‬ཪଆʹର޲͢Δน໘ͱ࠷΋͍ۙ์೤‫ث‬ཪଆ์೤໘ͷִؒ͸ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊΔඪ४ͷ஋ͱ͢Δɻ c) চ໘ͱ์೤‫ث‬Լ୺ͷ‫཭ڑ‬͸ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊΔඪ४ͷઃஔҐஔͱ͢Δɻ d) ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ഑؅઀ଓ͸ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊΔํ๏Ͱ೤ഔೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫઀ʹޱ‬ଓ͢Δɻ e) ์೤‫ث‬͸ɼ੡଄‫༻͕ऀۀ‬ҙͨ͠ඪ४औ෇ۚ۩Λ༻͍ࢧ࣋ຢ͸‫ݻ‬ఆ͢Δɻ A.6.2 ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ঢ়ଶ੍‫ޚ‬ ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬୅ද఺Ͱଌఆ͞Εۭͨ‫ؾ‬Թ౓͕ɼ19 ˆʙ21 ˆͷؒͰɼ͔ͭɼͦͷมಈ͕ʶ0.5 ˆҎ಺Ͱ҆ఆ ΛอͭΑ͏ௐઅ͢Δɻ ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷน໘Թ౓͸ɼࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ࿐఺Թ౓Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻ A.6.3 ఆৗঢ়ଶ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼԹ౓ଌఆʹΑͬͯे෼ͳ೤తఆৗঢ়ଶ͕֬ೝ͞Ε͔ͯΒߦ͏ɻఆৗঢ়ଶ͸ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬։࢝ લʹ‫ཱ֬͠ʹط‬ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த͸҆ఆͯ͠ҡ࣋͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ཁ‫͞ٻ‬ΕΔɻఆৗঢ়ଶ͸ɼ೤ഔଆͱࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ ঢ়ଶͷ྆ํʹؔ܎͢Δɻ ࢼ‫֤಺ࣨݧ‬෦ͷԹ౓ͷఆৗঢ়ଶΛද A.2 ʹɼ೤ഔଆ֤෦ͷԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬ѹྗͷఆৗঢ়ଶΛද A.3 ʹࣔ͢ɻࢼ ‫ݧ‬தʹ౳ִؒͰ 6 ճҎ্ଌఆ֤ͨ͠఺ͷԹ౓͕ɼද A.2 ‫ͼٴ‬ද A.3 ʹ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ൣғ಺Ͱ͋Ε͹ɼఆৗঢ়ଶ ཱ͕֬͠ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த΋ҡ࣋͞Ε͍ͯͨ΋ͷͱΈͳ͢ɻç ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ͷมಈ͸ɼ୅ද఺΄͔ͷଌఆ఺ͱ΋ʹʶ0.5 ˆҎ಺ͱ͢Δɻ 8 A 1400ɿ2007 ද A.2ʵࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ͷఆৗঢ়ଶ ଌఆ͞ΕͨԹ౓ ฏ‫ۉ‬஋͔Βͷ࠷େภࠩ ֤पน໘ɼচ໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ͷத఺Թ౓ ʶ0.5 ˆ ์೤‫ث‬ཪଆʹ઀ۙͯ͠ର޲͢Δน໘ͷԹ౓ ʶ0.5 ˆ ୅ද఺ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ʶ0.5 ˆ ද A.3ʵ೤ഔଆͷఆৗঢ়ଶ A.6.4 ࢼ‫࡞ૢݧ‬ ଌఆର৅ ྲྀྔ Թ౓ ѹྗ ೤ྔ ฏ‫ۉ‬஋͔Βͷ࠷େภࠩ ʶ2 % ʶ0.2 ˆ ʶ2 % ʶ1 % ์೤‫ث‬ΛॴఆͷҐஔʹઃஔ͠ɼཁ‫͞ٻ‬ΕΔࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶΛಘΔͨΊࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔͷՃ೤Λ։࢝͠ௐ੔͢Δɻ͜ͷ ४උ࣌ؒ಺͸ɼ֤఺ͷԹ౓Λ‫ܧ‬ଓͯ͠‫ه‬࿥͠ɼ೤ഔ‫૷څڙ‬ஔͱࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷ૒ํ͕ A.6.3 Ͱ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ఆৗঢ় ଶʹୡ͢Δ·ͰௐઅΛଓ͚Δɻ ԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬͸ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬தͷ์೤‫ʹث‬ର͠‫ن‬ఆͷԹ౓ࠩͱͳΔΑ͏ྲྀྔΛఆΊΔɻ͜ͷ໨తͷ ͨΊɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த͸์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷԹਫԹ౓Λଌఆ͠ɼ์೤‫ث‬ग़ೖ‫ޱ‬Թ౓ࠩΛ֬ೝ͢Δɻ A.6.5 ඪ४ঢ়ଶ ඪ४ঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼද A.4 ʹࣔ͢৚݅Ͱߦ͏ɻ֤ࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬͸ɼ҆ఆͨ͠ঢ়ଶ͕֬ೝͰ͖ΔΑ͏Թ౓ Λ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ ද A.4ʵඪ४ঢ়ଶ ۭ‫ٿסؾ‬Թ౓ ฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ Թ౓ࠩ ԹਫԹ౓߱Լ 20 ˆ 70 ˆ 50 K 10 K ʢฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ʵۭ‫ٿסؾ‬Թ౓ʣ A.6.6 ์೤ೳྗมԽಛੑࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ৚݅ ೤ഔԹ౓ʹΑΔ์೤ೳྗͷมԽಛੑΛ‫ٻ‬ΊΔͨΊͷࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼද A.5 ʹࣔ͢৚݅Ͱߦ͏ɻ ֤ࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬͸ɼ҆ఆͨ͠ঢ়ଶ͕֬ೝͰ͖ΔΑ͏Թ౓Λ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ 70 ˆͷͱ͖ɼೖ ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷԹਫԹ౓߱Լ͕ 10 K ͱͳΔ௨ਫྔΛఆ֨௨ਫྔͱ͠ɼฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓͕ 80 ˆ‫ ͼٴ‬50 ˆͷ͍ ͣΕͷ৔߹΋ɼ͜ͷఆ֨௨ਫྔʹ౳͍͠ྔͷԹਫΛ௨ਫͯ͠ࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦ͏ɻ ද A.5ʵ์೤ೳྗมԽಛੑࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ৚݅ ۭ‫ٿסؾ‬Թ౓ ฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ ௨ਫྔ 20 ˆ 80 ˆ 70 ˆ 50 ˆ ฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ 70 ˆͷͱ͖ʹɼԹਫԹ౓߱Լ͕ 10 K ͱͳΔͱ͖ͷਫྔʢఆ֨௨ ਫྔʣΛ௨ਫ͢Δɻ ྲྀྔͷภࠩ͸ɼʶ2 %Ҏ಺ͱ͢Δɻ A.6.7 ࢼ‫ؒ࣌ݧ‬ ಉҰ৚݅ͷࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ 1 ࣌ؒҎ্ଓ͚ɼ10 ෼Ҏ಺ͷ౳ִؒͰཁ‫͞ٻ‬Εͨଌఆͱ‫ه‬࿥Λߦ͏ɻࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶͷ༗ޮ ੑʢఆৗঢ়ଶͷҡ࣋ʣ͕֬ೝ͞Εͨͷͪɼ֤ଌఆ఺ͷฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λ༻͍ͯ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ࢉܭ‬Λߦ͍ɼࢼ‫݁ݧ‬Ռͷ ใࠂΛߦ͏ɻ A.7 ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ࢉܭ‬ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 9 A 1400ɿ2007 ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ʹࢉܭ‬͸ɼࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬ಘ֤ͨଌఆ஋ͷฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λ༻͍Δɻ͜ͷํ๏ʹΑͬͯࢉग़͞Εͨ์೤ೳྗΛɼ ඪ४ѹྗঢ়ଶʹ‫͢ࢉ׵‬ΔͨΊɼ࣍ͷิਖ਼܎਺Λ৐͡Δɻ 1+ β∆p p0 ͜͜ʹɼ β ͸ఆ਺Ͱ͋ΓɼϥδΤʔλྨͷ৔߹͸ 0.3ɼίϯϕΫ λྨͷ৔߹͸ 0.5 ͱ͢Δɻ ∆p=p-p0 ͜͜ʹɼ pɿ p0ɿ ͜ͷิਖ਼܎਺͸ɼ1.01 Ҏ্ͷͱ͖ద༻͢Δɻ ࢼ‫࣌ݧ‬ͷฏ‫ۉ‬େ‫ؾ‬ѹ (kPa) ඪ४େ‫ؾ‬ѹ (101.3 kPa) ಉҰ೤ഔྲྀྔͰ์೤‫಺ث‬ฏ‫ۉ‬೤ഔԹ౓͕૬ҧ͢Δ 3 छͷࢼ‫ߦ͕ݧ‬ΘΕͨͱ͖ɼ์೤ೳྗ Q ͸࣍ͷࣜͷ‫ܗ‬ Ͱ੔ཧ͢Δɻ Q=B(twm-ta )n=B(∆t )n ͜͜ʹɼ twmɿ ์೤‫಺ث‬ฏ‫ۉ‬೤ഔԹ౓ɿ(tw1ʴtw2)/ 2 (ˆ) tw1ɿ ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ޱ‬೤ഔԹ౓ (ˆ) tw2ɿ ์೤‫ث‬ग़‫ޱ‬೤ഔԹ౓ (ˆ) taɿ ࢼ‫ݧ‬தͷ୅දۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ (ˆ) ఆ਺ B ͱࢦ਺ n ͸ɼlogQʹlogBʴnlog∆t ͷؔ਺ؔ܎Λར༻͠ɼA.8 ʹࣔ͢ॏΈ܎਺Λߟྀͨ͠࠷খ 2 ৐ ๏ͷద༻ʹΑͬͯಘΒΕΔɻ A.8 ࢼ‫݁ݧ‬Ռ΁ͷॏΈ܎਺ͷద༻ ֤ࢼ‫݁ݧ‬Ռʹద༻͢Δ৴པͰ͖ΔॏΈͷ਺஋͸ɼબ୒ͨ͠ํ๏ʹΑͬͯਖ਼౰Խ͞ΕΔɻ ͜ͷෟଐॻʹ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏Ͱ‫͜ى‬ΓಘΔ‫ࠩޡ‬͸ɼ‫ج‬ຊతʹԹ౓ࠩʢtwmʵtaʣʹؔ͢Δ΋ͷͰ͋Δɻ ͦΕΏ͑ɼॏΈ ω ͸͜ΕΒͷ‫ٯʹࠩޡ‬ൺྫ͢ΔͷͰɼ࣍ͷΑ͏ʹద༻͢Δɻ Q=B(twm-ta )n=B(∆t )n લ‫ه‬ͷࣜΛ௚ઢͷࣜʹճ‫͢ؼ‬Δͱɼ࣍ͷࣜΛಘΔɻ logQʹlogBʴnlog∆t ࠷খ 2 ৐๏Λద༻͠ɼlogB ‫ ͼٴ‬n Λ‫ٻ‬ΊΔͨΊ࣍ͷࣜΛಘΔɻ log B = å ω log Q ⋅ å ω (log ∆t) 2 − å ω log ∆t ⋅ å ω log ∆t ⋅ log Q å ω ⋅ å ω (log ∆t)2 − (å ω ⋅ log ∆t)2 n = åω ⋅ åω åω log ∆t ⋅ log Q − åω log ∆t ⋅ åω ⋅ åω (log ∆t)2 − (åω ⋅ log ∆t)2 log Q ͍·ɼ‫͜ى‬ΓಘΔ‫ࠩޡ‬ൣғ͕ͦΕͧΕ 1 %ɼ1.5 %‫ ͼٴ‬2.5 %Ͱ͋Δ 3 ‫ݸ‬ͷ࣮‫఺ݧ‬ΛԾఆ͢Δɻ͜ͷͱ͖ɼ ॏΈ ω ͸ɼͦΕͧΕ 1/1ɼ1/1.5 ‫ ͼٴ‬1/2.5 ʹൺྫ͠ɼ੔਺Խ͢Δͱ 30ɼ20 ‫ ͼٴ‬12 ͱͳΔɻ ͦ͜Ͱɼ åω = 62 10 A 1400ɿ2007 åω log Q = 30 log Q1 + 20 log Q2 + 12 log Q3 Q1ɼQ2 ‫ ͼٴ‬Q3 ͸ɼ∆t1ɼ∆t2 ‫∆ͼٴ‬t3 ʹରԠ͠ ∆t1 ≠ ∆t2 ≠ ∆t3 30 20 12 ˀ åω log ∆t = 30 log ∆t1 + 20 log ∆t2 + 12 log ∆t3 A.9 ௕͚͕ͩ͞ҟͳΔಉҰΩϟϥΫλʔͷ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗͷࢉग़ ߏ଄ɼ֎‫์ͼٴ؍‬೤෦෼ͷ‫ܗ‬ঢ়͕ಉ͡Ͱ͋Γɼ͔ͭɼߴ͞ੇ๏‫ͼٴ‬Ԟߦ͖ੇ๏͕ಉҰͷ์೤‫Ͱث‬ɼ௕͞ ͚ͩҟͳΔόϦΤʔγϣϯ‫ػ‬छ͕ଘࡏ͢Δ৔߹ɼ͜ͷ‫نʹ֨ن‬ఆ͢Δํ๏Ͱ࣮ࢪͨ͠ࢼ‫݁ݧ‬ՌΛ‫ʹج‬ɼ‫ܭ‬ ࢉʹΑͬͯ౰֘์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗΛࢉग़͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δɻç ͜ͷ৔߹ɼ์೤ೳྗ͕௕͞ʹൺྫ͢Δ͜ͱΛূ໌Ͱ͖Δɼ߹ཧతͳࠜ‫ͮ͘جʹڌ‬ෳ਺ͷࢼ‫݁ݧ‬ՌΛඞཁ ͱ͢Δɻ A.10 ԹਫԹ౓߱Լ͕ 10 K ͱҟͳΔ‫ج‬४Ͱઃ‫์ͨ͠ܭ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬Λɼ͜ͷෟଐॻʹ४ͨ͡ํ๏Ͱ ߦ͏͜ͱʹ͍ͭͯ ԹਫԹ౓߱Լ͕ɼ20 Kɼ5 K ͳͲɼ͜ͷ‫نʹ֨ن‬ఆ͢Δ஋ɿ10 K ͱҟͳΔԹਫྲྀྔͷ‫ج‬४Ͱઃ‫͞ܭ‬Εͨ ์೤‫ث‬͸ɼ੡଄‫ऀۀ‬ͷࢦఆ͢Δྲྀྔຢ͸ԹਫԹ౓߱ԼͰࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δɻ͜ͷ৔߹ɼಘΒΕͨࢼ ‫݁ݧ‬Ռ͸ɼ͜ͷ‫ͮ͘جʹ֨ن‬ఆ֨஋ͱͯ͠ѻ͏͜ͱ͸Ͱ͖ͣɼࢀߟ஋ͱͯ͠औΓѻ͏ɻ ͳ͓ɼ͜ΕΒͷࢼ‫݁ݧ‬ՌΛදࣔ͢Δ৔߹ʹ͸ɼԹਫԹ౓߱ԼΛ໌‫͚ͳ͠ه‬Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ A.11 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ใࠂॻ A.11.1 ‫ه‬࿥ͷอଘ ࢼ‫ݧ‬தʹҰఆप‫ߦͰظ‬ΘΕ࣮ͨ‫݁ݧ‬Ռͷ‫ه‬࿥Λอଘ͢Δɻ A.11.2 ࢼ‫ͱ͝ݧ‬ͷ‫ه‬࿥಺༰ ͋Δࢼ‫ݧ‬৚݅ʹ૬౰͢Δใࠂॻʹ͸ɼ֤ଌఆ஋ɼ์೤ೳྗͳͲฏ‫ۉ‬஋͚ͩΛද‫͢ه‬Ε͹Α͍ɻ A.11.3 ‫߲ࣄࡌه‬ A.11.3.1 ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹؔ͢Δৄࡉͳղઆ a) ೤ഔ‫૷څڙ‬ஔʢਤ A.1 ࢀরʣ b) ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ʢෟଐॻ C ࢀরʣ A.11.3.2 ࢼ‫์ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷৄࡉͳ࢓༷ a) ࢼ‫์ͨ͠༻࢖ʹݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷৄࡉͳઆ໌‫์ͼٴ‬೤‫ث‬ͷߏ੒͕໌֬ʹཧղͰ͖Δࣸਅฒͼʹղઆ b) ࢼ‫์ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ֎‫ੇܗ‬๏ɼ࣭ྔɼਫ༰ྔͳͲͷ࢓༷ A.11.3.3 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ݁ՌಘΒΕͨσʔλ ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ʹࢉܭ‬ඞཁͳ͢΂ͯͷଌఆ஋Λ‫ؚ‬Ήɼ֤ࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬ಘΒΕͨଌఆ఺ͷฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λද‫ͨ͠ه‬΋ͷɻࢼ ‫͕ݧ‬ఆ֨ࢼ‫ݧ‬৚݅Ͱ͋Δ 10 K Ҏ֎ͷԹ౓ࠩͰߦΘΕͨ৔߹ʢࢀߟ஋ʣ͸ɼ࠾༻ͨ͠Թ౓ࠩʹ͍ͭͯ‫ه‬ड़͢ Δɻ·ͨɼ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ิͰࢉܭ‬ਖ਼͕ඞཁͳ৔߹͸ɼͦͷཧ༝Λ໌‫͢ه‬Δɻ A.11.3.4 ؔ࿈͢Δ߲໨ a)ç ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ૬ର࣪౓ b)ç ࢼ‫֎಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ c)ç େ‫ؾ‬ѹ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 11 A 1400ɿ2007 d)ç ֎ࣨΛ΋ͭࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λࢼ‫ͨ͠༻࢖ʹݧ‬৔߹ʹ͸ɼ֎ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ A.11.3.5 ೤ഔԹ౓ͷมԽʹର͢Δ์೤ಛੑͷάϥϑ ԹਫΛ೤ഔͱ͢Δࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬͸ɼ྆ର਺࣠Λ༻͍ͯ์೤ೳྗ Q ͱԹ౓ࠩ∆t ͷ௚ઢؔ܎Λࢹ֮తʹද‫͖Ͱݱ‬Δɻ ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɼ์೤‫಺ث‬ฏ‫ۉ‬೤ഔԹ౓ twm ͱࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷ୅දۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ta ͷ͕ࠩ 50 K Ͱ͋Δͱ͖ͷඪ४ʢఆ ֨ʣ์೤ೳྗ͕‫ٻ‬ΊΒΕΔɻ A.11.3.6 ଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬࿥߲໨ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷଌఆ݁Ռ͸ɼද A.6 ʹैͬͯ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬ೖཝͷ‫಺ހׅ‬ͷ਺஋͸‫ج‬४஋Λࣔ͢΋ͷͰɼྲྀྔཝͷ GW ͸ఆ֨௨ਫྔΛࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼ ଌఆҐஔΛද͢‫߸ه‬͸ɼਤ A.2 ʹΑΔɻ ද A.6ʵଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬࿥ද C ఺চ্ 0.05 mç C ఺চ্ 0.5 m C ఺চ্ 0.75 mʢ୅ද఺ʣ C ఺চ্ 1.5 m C ఺ఱҪԼ 0.05 m NW ఺চ্ 0.75 m NW ఺চ্ 1.5 m NE ఺চ্ 0.75 m NE ఺চ্ 1.5 m SW ఺চ্ 0.75 m SW ఺চ্ 1.5 m SE ఺চ্ 0.75 m SE ఺চ্ 1.5 m ์೤‫ث‬ཪ N ఺น໘த఺ W ఺น໘த఺ E ఺น໘த఺ S ఺น໘த఺ C ఺ఱҪ໘ C ఺চ໘ ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ ์೤‫ث‬ग़‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ ฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ Թ౓ࠩʢฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ʵ୅දۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ʣ ์೤ྔ ྲྀྔ ࢼ‫ੇࣨݧ‬๏ʢॎ mʷԣ mʷߴ͞ mʣ ୯Ґ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ K W L/h 1 2 3 (20) (20) (20) (75) (65) (70) (50) (GW) (80) (50) (60) (30) ʢಉࠨʣ ʢಉࠨʣ ࢼ‫ྫྷࣨݧ‬٫ํࣜʢۭྫྷ։์ɼۭྫྷີดຢ͸ӷྫྷີดʣç 12 A 1400ɿ2007 ෟଐॻ B ʢ‫ن‬ఆʣ ৠ‫ؾ‬Λ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ংจ ͜ͷෟଐॻ͸ɼৠ‫ؾ‬Λ೤ഔͱ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹ͍ͭͯ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δ΋ͷͰɼ֤์೤‫ث‬ͷ‫ࣜܗ‬ ʹԠͯ͡ઃఆ͞Εͨ৚݅ʹै͍ɼఆৗঢ়ଶͰߦΘΕΔࢼ‫ʹݧ‬ద༻͢Δɻ·ͨɼ์೤‫ʹث‬ಛघͳઃஔ৚݅Λ ઃఆͨ͠ͱ͖ʹ΋ద༻Ͱ͖Δɻ B.1 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ ์೤‫ث‬ͷঢ়ଶΛҰఆʹอͭͨΊʹɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λઃ͚Δɻࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷେ͖͞ɼߏ଄ͳͲ͸ෟଐॻ C ʹΑΔɻ B.2 ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ B.2.1 Թ࣪౓ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ Թ࣪౓ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬͸ɼ͋Β͔͡Ίߍਖ਼͞Εͨਫۜ෧ೖΨϥε੡Թ౓‫ܭ‬ɼ೤ిରԹ౓‫ܭ‬ɼ఍߅Թ౓‫ܭ‬ɼαʔ ϛελԹ౓‫Ͳͳܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δɻ͜ΕΒͷԹ࣪౓‫ܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼਫ਼౓͸ɼͦͷ‫ܭ‬ ଌ஋ʹ͓͍ͯද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻ B.2.2 ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ ৠ‫ؾ‬ͷѹྗଌఆ͸ɼৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ‫ܭ‬Λ༻͍Δɻଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼਫ਼౓͸ɼͦ ͷ‫ثܭ‬ͷϑϧεέʔϧʹ͓͍ͯද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻ B.2.3 ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔͷଌఆ͸ɼ࣭ྔΛ௚઀ଌఆ͢Δ͸͔Γ‫ܭ࣌ͼٴ‬Λ༻͍Δɻ͜ΕΒͷଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λ ද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼਫ਼౓͸ɼͦͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ஋ʹ͓͍ͯද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻ B.2.4 ͦͷଞͷ‫ثܭ‬ େ‫ؾ‬ͷѹྗଌఆ͸ɼ‫ؾ‬ѹ‫ܭ‬Λ༻͍Δɻଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ͷ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋Λɼද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼਫ਼౓͸ɼ‫ܭ‬ଌ ஋ʹ͓͍ͯද B.1 ʹࣔ͢ൣғ಺ͱ͢Δɻ ද B.1ʵଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ͷ 1 ໨੝ͷ஋‫ͼٴ‬ਫ਼౓ ଌఆ߲໨ Թ࣪౓ଌఆ ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔଌఆ ѹྗଌఆ ‫ٿס‬Թ౓‫ܭ‬ ࣪‫ٿ‬Թ౓‫ܭ‬ ਫྔ‫ܭ‬ ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ‫ܭ‬ ‫ؾ‬ѹ‫ܭ‬ ‫ثܭ‬ ۭ‫ٿ࣪ͼٴٿסؾ‬Թ౓༻ ৠ‫ؾ‬Թ౓༻ ԹਫԹ౓༻ ҰൠԹ౓༻ ࣭ྔ‫ܭ‬ ༰ੵ‫ܭ‬ ࣌‫ܭ‬ ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ༻ େ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ༻ ࠷খ໨੝ͷ஋ 0.1 ˆҎԼ 0.1 ˆҎԼ 0.1 ˆҎԼ 1ˆ 5 g ҎԼ 5 cm3 ҎԼ 0.1 s ҎԼ 10 kPa ҎԼ 0.1 hPa ҎԼ ਫ਼౓ ʶ0.1 ˆ ʶ0.1 ˆ ʶ0.1 ˆ ʶ0.5 ˆ ʶ0.5 % ʶ0.5 % ʶ0.5 % ʶ1.6 % F.S ʶ0.25 hPa B.3 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔ B.3.1 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 13 A 1400ɿ2007 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߏ੒͸ɼਤ B.1 ͷྫʹΑΔɻ ͳ͓ɼৠ‫ؾ‬Λ‫͢څڙ‬Δࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔͷߏ੒͸ɼཁ‫ٻ‬৚݅ʹద߹͢Δଞͷ૷ஔΛ࢖༻ͯ͠΋Α͍ɻ ਤ B.1ʵࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߏ੒ྫ B.3.2 ৠ‫ݯڅڙؾ‬ ৠ‫ؾ‬͸ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த҆ఆͨ͠Թ౓ͱѹྗΛอ࣋Ͱ͖Δ‫͔ݯڅڙ‬ΒૹΔɻ B.3.3 ؅‫ܥ‬ B.3.3.1 ਫణ෼཭‫ߜͼٴث‬Γห ৠ‫์ͱݯڅڙؾ‬೤‫ͱث‬ͷؒʹ͸ɼਫణ෼཭‫ث‬ʢηύϨʔλʣ‫ߜͼٴ‬ΓหΛઃ͚Δɻਫణ෼཭‫͔ث‬Β์೤ ‫Ͱ·ث‬ͷৠ‫څڙؾ‬؅͸Ͱ͖Δ͚ͩ୹͘͠ɼ600 mm Λ௒͑ͳ͍Α͏ʹ͢Δɻਫణ෼཭‫ث‬͸ద੾ͳ༰ྔΛ΋ ͭ΋ͷͱ͠ɼߜΓห͸ਫ਼ࡉʹௐઅͰ͖Δ΋ͷΛ༻͍Δɻ B.3.3.2 ‫ڽ‬ॖਫऔग़͠؅ ์೤‫͔ث‬Βͷ‫ڽ‬ॖਫऔग़͠؅͸ɼ‫ڽ‬ॖਫͷྲྀग़Λ࣮֬ʹ͢ΔͨΊʹɼ‫ڽ‬ॖਫड͚ʢϨγʔόʣʹ޲͔ͬ ͯ܏ࣼΛ͚ͭɼͦͷ௕͞͸ 600 mm Λ௒͑ͣɼ͔ͭɼͦͷؒʹ͸όϧϒྨ‫ͼٴ‬τϥοϓྨΛઃ͚ͯ͸ͳΒ ͳ͍ɻ B.3.3.3 ‫ڽ‬ॖਫड͚‫ͼٴ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ௐઅห ‫ڽ‬ॖਫड͚ͷେ͖͞͸ɼ಺‫ ܘ‬50 mm ҎԼɼ௕͞ 350 mm ҎԼͱ͢Δɻ‫ڽ‬ॖਫड͚͸ɼ௚઀ਫ໘͕‫ݟ‬΍͢ ͍Α͏ʹ͢Δ͔ຢ͸ਫ໘‫ܭ‬ΛऔΓ෇͚Δɻग़‫ޱ‬ௐઅห͸ਫ਼ࡉʹௐઅͰ͖Δ΋ͷΛ༻͍Δɻ B.4 ଌఆ૷ஔ 14 A 1400ɿ2007 B.4.1 Ұൠ ଌఆ૷ஔ͸ɼਤ B.1 ‫ͼٴ‬ਤ B.2 ʹࣔ͢ঢ়ଶͰɼਤʹࣔ͢ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ຢ͸͜Εʹ४͡Δଌఆ‫ʹثܭ‬Αͬͯɼ ۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ‫ٿס‬Թ౓ɼ࣪‫ٿ‬Թ౓ɼ೤‫͢ͱݯ‬Δৠ‫ؾ‬ͷѹྗɼৠ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ɼ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔ‫ڽͼٴ‬ॖਫԹ౓Λଌఆ͢Δɻ B.4.2 ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬ɼนɼচ‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ͷଌఆ ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬นԹ౓ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬চ໘Թ౓‫ࣨݧࢼͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ͷଌఆʹ͸ɼ์ࣹͷӨ‫ڹ‬Λഉ আͨ͠‫ײ‬ԹମΛ༻͍Δɻ ‫ײ‬Թମ͸ɼ͋Β͔͡Ίߍਖ਼ͨ͠ T ‫ܗ‬೤ిରɼຢ͸നۚଌԹ఍߅ମͷ࢖༻͕๬·͍͠ɻ ଌఆ఺͸࣍ͷͱ͓Γͱ͠ɼԹ౓ଌఆͷͨΊͷ‫ײ‬Թମͷ഑ஔΛਤ B.2 ʹࣔ͢ɻ a) ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷத৺ਨ௚࣠ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ç 1) ୅ද఺ɿচ໘্ 0.75 m 2) চ໘্ç 0.05 mɼ0.50 m ‫ ͼٴ‬1.50 m ఱҪ໘Լç 0.05 m b) ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 4 ۱ͷਨ௚࣠ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 4 ۱Ͱ௚ަ͢Δ 2 น໘͔ΒͦΕͧΕ 1 m ͷ 4 ਨ௚߹‫ ܭ‬8 ఺ʢ֤ਨ௚࣠ʹ 2 ఺ʣ চ໘্ç 0.75 m ‫ ͼٴ‬1.50 m c) ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷน໘ɼচ໘ɼఱҪ໘Թ౓ 1) ֤น໘ɼচ໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ͷ֤த఺ɿ߹‫ ܭ‬6 ఺ 2) ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫͕ث‬ઃஔ͞ΕΔཪଆର޲น໘ͷத৺ਨ௚্࣠Ͱɼচ໘্ 0.3 m ͷ఺ d) ͦͷଞͷଌఆ 1) ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬ͷ૬ର࣪౓ 2) ֎ࣨ಺Λ॥‫͢؀‬Δۭ‫ؾ‬ͷԹ౓ 3) େ‫ؾ‬ѹ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 15 A 1400ɿ2007 ୯Ґç m ਤ B.2ʵࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ɼนɼচ‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ଌఆͷͨΊͷ‫ײ‬Թମͷ഑ஔ B.4.3 ৠ‫ؾ‬Թ౓‫ͼٴ‬ѹྗฒͼʹ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔͷଌఆ B.4.3.1 ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ‫ͼٴ‬Թ౓ͷଌఆ ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ޱ‬ͷৠ‫ؾ‬ঢ়ଶΛଌఆ͢Δѹྗ‫ͼٴܭ‬Թ౓‫ܭ‬͸ɼߜΓหͷ‫ʹޙ‬औΓ෇͚ɼԹ౓‫์ͱܭ‬೤‫ث‬ͷৠ‫ؾ‬ ೖ‫ͱޱ‬ͷִؒ͸ 150 mm Ҏ಺ͱ͠ɼԹ౓‫ܭ‬ͷ‫ײ‬೤෦͕ৠ‫ؾ‬ओྲྀʹ৮ΕΔΑ͏ʹ഑ஔ͢Δɻ B.4.3.2 ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔͷଌఆ ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔ͸༰ੵຢ͸࣭ྔ๏ʹΑΔਫྔଌఆ๏Ͱߦ͍ɼগͳ͘ͱ΋ 2 ෼ؒͷྲྀྔΛ஝ੵͰ͖Δ༰‫ث‬Λઃ͚ ͯ‫ܭ‬ଌ͠ͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ B.4.3.3 ഑؅ͷอԹ ਫణ෼཭‫ث‬ɼ‫ڽ‬ॖਫड͚‫ͦͼٴ‬ͷؒͷ഑؅‫ܥ‬͸ɼ͢΂ͯอԹ͢Δ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻ B.5 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ‫ݪ‬ཧ ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗ͸೤ഔଆͷଌఆ஋Λ༻͍ɼ์೤‫ث‬Λ௨ա͢Δ೤ഔྲྀྔͱೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷൺΤϯλϧϐ ࠩͱʹΑͬͯࢉग़͢Δɻç ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗ͸ɼ࣍ͷࣜͰ༩͑ΒΕΔɻ Q = Wm (h1 − h2 ) 16 A 1400ɿ2007 ͜͜ʹɼ Qɿ Wmɿ h1ɼh2ɿ ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗ (W) ೤ഔͷ࣭ྔྲྀྔʢ࣭ྔ଎౓ʣ(kg/s) ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫͚͓ʹޱ‬Δ೤ഔͷൺΤϯ λϧϐ (J/kg) h1 ‫ ͼٴ‬h2 ͸ɼࢼ‫࣌ݧ‬ͷ์೤‫ث‬ग़ೖ‫͚͓ʹޱ‬ΔѹྗɼԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬೤ഔͷঢ়ଶΛ‫ʹج‬ɼ࠷৽ͷৠ‫ؾ‬දʹΑͬͯ ‫ٻ‬ΊΔɻ B.6 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ཁ߲ B.6.1 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ४උ B.6.1.1 ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ࢓༷ൣғ ͜ͷ‫نʹ֨ن‬ఆͷํ๏Ͱੑೳࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦͬͯ΋Α͍์೤‫ث‬͸ɼ࣍ͷ࢓༷Λ΋ͭ์೤‫͢ͱث‬Δɻ a) ์೤ೳྗ͸ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ୯Ґ༰ੵ౰ͨΓ 87 W/m3 ҎԼͱ͢Δɻ b) ์೤ೳྗ͸ɼ700 W Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻ c) ์೤‫ث‬ͷ෯ʢ௕͞ʣ͸ɼ0.5 m Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻͨͩ͠ɼͨͯ௕‫ܗ‬ͷ์೤‫ͯͬ͋ʹث‬͸ɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷߴ͕͞ 0.5 m Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻ B.6.1.2 ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷઃஔํ๏ a)ç ์೤‫ث‬͸ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 1 น໘ʢਤ B.2 ʹࣔ͢ N ໘ʣʹฏߦͰɼน໘த৺࣠ʹର͠ରশͱͳΔΑ͏ઃஔ͢ Δɻͨͩ͠ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊͨಛผͳઃஔ৚͕݅͋Δ৔߹͸ɼͦΕʹΑΔɻ b)ç ์೤‫ث‬ཪଆʹର޲͢Δน໘ͱɼ࠷΋͍ۙ์೤‫ث‬ཪଆ์೤໘ͷִؒ͸ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊΔඪ४ͷ஋ͱ͢ Δɻ c)ç চ໘ͱ์೤‫ث‬Լ୺ͷ‫཭ڑ‬͸ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊΔඪ४ͷઃஔҐஔͱ͢Δɻ d)ç ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ഑؅઀ଓ͸ɼ੡଄‫͕ऀۀ‬ఆΊΔํ๏Ͱ೤ഔೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫઀ʹޱ‬ଓ͢Δɻ e) ์೤‫ث‬͸ɼ੡଄‫༻͕ऀۀ‬ҙͨ͠ඪ४औ෇ۚ۩Λ༻͍ࢧ࣋ຢ͸‫ݻ‬ఆ͢Δɻ B.6.2 ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ঢ়ଶ੍‫ޚ‬ ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬୅ද఺Ͱଌఆ͞Εۭͨ‫ؾ‬Թ౓͕ɼ19 ˆʙ21 ˆͷؒͰɼ͔ͭɼͦͷมಈ͕ʶ0.5 ˆҎ಺Ͱ҆ఆ ΛอͭΑ͏ௐઅ͢Δɻ ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷน໘Թ౓͸ɼࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ࿐఺Թ౓Ҏ্ͱ͢Δɻ B.6.3 ఆৗঢ়ଶ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼԹ౓ଌఆʹΑͬͯे෼ͳ೤తఆৗঢ়ଶ͕֬ೝ͞Ε͔ͯΒߦ͏ɻ ఆৗঢ়ଶ͸ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬։࢝લʹ‫ཱ֬͠ʹط‬ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த͸҆ఆͯ͠ҡ࣋͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ཁ‫͞ٻ‬ΕΔɻఆৗঢ়ଶ͸ɼ ೤ഔଆͱࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ঢ়ଶͷ྆ํʹؔ܎͢Δɻ ࢼ‫֤಺ࣨݧ‬෦ͷԹ౓ͷఆৗঢ়ଶΛද B.2 ʹɼ೤ഔଆ֤෦ͷԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬ѹྗͷఆৗঢ়ଶΛද B.3 ʹࣔ͢ɻࢼ ‫ݧ‬தʹ౳ִؒͰ 6 ճҎ্ଌఆ֤ͨ͠఺ͷԹ౓͕ɼද B.2 ‫ͼٴ‬ද B.3 ʹ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ൣғ಺Ͱ͋Ε͹ɼఆৗঢ়ଶ ཱ͕֬͠ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த΋ҡ࣋͞Ε͍ͯͨ΋ͷͱΈͳ͢ɻ ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ͷมಈ͸୅ද఺΄͔ͷ఺ͱ΋ʹʶ0.5 ˆҎ಺ͱ͢Δɻ ද B.2ʵࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ͷఆৗঢ়ଶ ଌఆ͞ΕͨԹ౓ ֤पน໘ɼচ໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ͷத఺Թ౓ ์೤‫ث‬ཪଆʹ઀ۙͯ͠ର޲͢Δน໘ͷԹ౓ ୅ද఺ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ฏ‫ۉ‬஋͔Βͷ࠷େภࠩ ʶ0.5 ˆ ʶ0.5 ˆ ʶ0.5 ˆ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 ද B.3ʵ೤ഔଆͷఆৗঢ়ଶ ଌఆର৅ç ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔç Թ౓ ѹྗ ೤ྔ ฏ‫ۉ‬஋͔Βͷ࠷େภࠩç ʶ2 % ʶ0.2çˆ ʶ2 % ʶ1 % 17 A 1400ɿ2007 B.6.4 ࢼ‫࡞ૢݧ‬ ์೤‫ث‬ΛॴఆͷҐஔʹઃஔ͠ɼཁ‫͞ٻ‬ΕΔࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶΛಘΔͨΊࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔͷՃ೤Λ։࢝͠ௐ੔͢Δɻ͜ͷ ४උ࣌ؒ಺͸ɼ֤఺ͷԹ౓Λ‫ܧ‬ଓͯ͠‫ه‬࿥͠ɼ೤ഔ‫૷څڙ‬ஔͱࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷ૒ํ͕ B.6.3 Ͱ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ఆৗঢ় ଶʹୡ͢Δ·ͰௐઅΛଓ͚Δɻ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ޱ‬ͷৠ‫ؾ‬͸ɼ2ʙ5 ˆͷա೤౓Λ΋ͭ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻ ࢼ‫ݧ‬த͸ɼ์೤‫͔ث‬Β‫ڽ‬ॖਫ͚͕ͩഉग़͞Εɼ‫ڽ‬ॖਫԹ౓͸ೖ‫ޱ‬ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗʹ૬౰͢Δ๞࿨Թ౓ΑΓ 1 ˆ Ҏ্߱Լͯ͠͸ͳΒͳ͍ɻ ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗͱԹ౓ͱ͸ɼ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫Ͱޱ‬ଌఆ͢Δɻ B.6.5 ඪ४ঢ়ଶ ඪ४ঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼද B.4 ʹࣔ͢৚݅Ͱߦ͏ɻ ֤ࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬͸ɼ҆ఆͨ͠ঢ়ଶ͕֬ೝͰ͖ΔΑ͏Թ౓Λ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ ද B.4ʵඪ४ঢ়ଶ ۭ‫ٿסؾ‬Թ౓ ๞࿨ৠ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ๞࿨ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ Թ౓ࠩ 20 ˆ 102 ˆ 5 kPa 82 K ʢେ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ 101.3 kPa ‫ج‬४ʣ ʢ๞࿨ৠ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ʵۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ʣ B.6.6 ์೤ೳྗมԽಛੑࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ৚݅ ೤ഔԹ౓ʹΑΔ์೤ೳྗͷมԽಛੑΛ‫ٻ‬ΊΔͨΊͷࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼද B.5 ʹࣔ͢৚݅Ͱߦ͏ɻ ֤ࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬͸ɼ҆ఆͨ͠ঢ়ଶ͕֬ೝͰ͖ΔΑ͏Թ౓Λ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ ද B.5ʵ์೤ೳྗมԽಛੑࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ৚݅ B.6.7 ࢼ‫ؒ࣌ݧ‬ ۭ‫ٿסؾ‬Թ౓ ๞࿨ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ 20 ˆ 5 kPa 20 kPa 100 kPa ಉҰ৚݅ͷࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ 1 ࣌ؒҎ্ଓ͚ɼ10 ෼Ҏ಺ͷ౳ִؒͰཁ‫͞ٻ‬Εͨଌఆͱ‫ه‬࿥Λߦ͏ɻࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶͷ༗ޮ ੑʢఆৗঢ়ଶͷҡ࣋ʣ͕֬ೝ͞Εͨͷͪɼ֤ଌఆ఺ͷฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λ༻͍ͯ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ࢉܭ‬Λߦ͍ɼࢼ‫݁ݧ‬Ռͷ ใࠂΛߦ͏ɻ B.7 ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ࢉܭ‬ ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ʹࢉܭ‬͸ɼࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬ಘ֤ͨଌఆ஋ͷฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λ༻͍Δɻ ͜ͷํ๏ʹΑͬͯࢉग़͞Εͨ์೤ೳྗΛɼ ඪ४ѹྗঢ়ଶʹ‫͢ࢉ׵‬ΔͨΊɼ࣍ͷิਖ਼܎਺Λ৐͡Δɻ 1+ β∆p p0 ͜͜ʹɼ β ͸ఆ਺Ͱ͋ΓɼϥδΤʔλྨͷ৔߹͸ 0.3ɼίϯϕΫ λྨͷ৔߹͸ 0.5 ͱ͢Δɻ 18 A 1400ɿ2007 ∆p=p-p0 ͜͜ʹɼ pɿ p0ɿ ͜ͷิਖ਼܎਺͸ɼ1.01 Ҏ্ͷͱ͖ద༻͢Δɻ ࢼ‫࣌ݧ‬ͷฏ‫ۉ‬େ‫ؾ‬ѹ (kPa) ඪ४େ‫ؾ‬ѹ (101.3 kPa) ์೤‫಺ث‬ฏ‫ۉ‬೤ഔԹ౓͕૬ҧ͢Δ 3 छͷࢼ‫ߦ͕ݧ‬ΘΕͨͱ͖ɼ์೤ೳྗ Q ͸࣍ͷࣜͷ‫Ͱܗ‬੔ཧ͢Δɻ Q=B(ts-ta )n=B(∆t)n ͜͜ʹɼ tsɿ ์೤‫಺ث‬೤ഔԹ౓ (ˆ) taɿ ࢼ‫ݧ‬தͷ୅දۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ (ˆ) ఆ਺ B ͱࢦ਺ n ͸ɼlogQʹlogBʴnlog∆t ͷؔ਺ؔ܎Λར༻͠ɼB.8 ʹࣔ͢ॏΈ܎਺Λߟྀͨ͠࠷খ 2 ৐ ๏ͷద༻ʹΑͬͯಘΒΕΔɻ ৠ‫ؾ‬Λ೤ഔͱ͢Δ৔߹Ͱɼଌఆͨ͠೤ഔԹ౓͕ 1 ਫ४͚ͩͷͱ͖͸ɼଌఆ৚݅ʹΑΔ์೤ೳྗ͚͕ͩಘ ΒΕΔɻ B.8 ࢼ‫݁ݧ‬Ռ΁ͷॏΈ܎਺ͷద༻ ֤ࢼ‫݁ݧ‬Ռʹద༻͢Δ৴པͰ͖ΔॏΈͷ਺஋͸ɼબ୒ͨ͠ํ๏ʹΑͬͯਖ਼౰Խ͞ΕΔɻ ͜ͷෟଐॻʹ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏Ͱ‫͜ى‬ΓಘΔ‫ࠩޡ‬͸ɼ‫ج‬ຊతʹԹ౓ࠩʢtsʵtaʣʹؔ͢Δ΋ͷͰ͋Δɻͦ ΕΏ͑ɼॏΈ ω ͸͜ΕΒͷ‫ٯʹࠩޡ‬ൺྫ͢ΔͷͰɼ࣍ͷΑ͏ʹద༻͢Δɻ Q=B(ts-ta )n=B(∆t)n લ‫ه‬ͷࣜΛ௚ઢͷࣜʹճ‫͢ؼ‬Δͱɼ࣍ͷࣜΛಘΔɻ logQʹlogBʴnlog∆t ࠷খ 2 ৐๏Λద༻͠ɼlogBɼn Λ‫ٻ‬ΊΔͨΊ࣍ͷࣜΛಘΔɻ log B = å ω log Q ⋅ å ω (log ∆t) 2 − å ω log ∆t ⋅ å ω log ∆t ⋅ log Q å ω ⋅ å ω (log ∆t) 2 − (å ω ⋅ log ∆t) 2 n = åω ⋅åω åω log ∆t ⋅ log Q − åω log ∆t ⋅ åω ⋅ åω (log ∆t)2 − (åω ⋅ log ∆t)2 log Q ͍·ɼ‫͜ى‬ΓಘΔ‫ࠩޡ‬ൣғ͕ͦΕͧΕ 1 %ɼ1.5 %‫ ͼٴ‬2.5 %Ͱ͋Δ 3 ‫ݸ‬ͷ࣮‫఺ݧ‬ΛԾఆ͢Δɻ͜ͷͱ͖ɼ ॏΈ ω ͸ɼͦΕͧΕ 1/1ɼ1/1.5 ‫ ͼٴ‬1/2.5 ʹൺྫ͠ɼ੔਺Խ͢Δͱ 30ɼ20 ‫ ͼٴ‬12 ͱͳΔɻ ͦ͜Ͱɼ åω = 62 åω log Q = 30 log Q1 + 20 log Q2 + 12 log Q3 Q1ɼQ2 ‫ ͼٴ‬Q3 ͸ɼ∆t1ɼ∆t2 ‫∆ͼٴ‬t3 ʹରԠ͠ ∆t1 ≠ ∆t2 ≠ ∆t3 30 20 12 ˀ åω log ∆t = 30 log ∆t1 + 20 log ∆t2 + 12 log ∆t3 B.9 ௕͚͕ͩ͞ҟͳΔಉҰΩϟϥΫλʔͷ์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗͷࢉग़ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 19 A 1400ɿ2007 ߏ଄ɼ֎‫์ͼٴ؍‬೤෦෼ͷ‫ܗ‬ঢ়͕ಉ͡Ͱ͋Γɼ͔ͭɼߴ͞ੇ๏‫ͼٴ‬Ԟߦ͖ੇ๏͕ಉҰͷ์೤‫Ͱث‬ɼ௕͞ ͚ͩҟͳΔόϦΤʔγϣϯ‫ػ‬छ͕ଘࡏ͢Δ৔߹ɼ͜ͷ‫نʹ֨ن‬ఆ͢Δํ๏Ͱ࣮ࢪͨ͠ࢼ‫݁ݧ‬ՌΛ‫ʹج‬ɼ‫ܭ‬ ࢉʹΑͬͯɼ౰֘์೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗΛࢉग़͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δɻ ͜ͷ৔߹ɼ์೤ೳྗ͕௕͞ʹൺྫ͢Δ͜ͱΛূ໌Ͱ͖Δɼ߹ཧతͳࠜ‫ͮ͘جʹڌ‬ෳ਺ͷࢼ‫݁ݧ‬ՌΛඞཁ ͱ͢Δɻ B.10 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ใࠂॻ B.10.1 ‫ه‬࿥ͷอଘ ࢼ‫ݧ‬தʹҰఆप‫ߦͰظ‬ΘΕ࣮ͨ‫݁ݧ‬Ռͷ‫ه‬࿥Λอଘ͢Δɻ B.10.2 ࢼ‫ͱ͝ݧ‬ͷ‫ه‬࿥಺༰ ͋Δࢼ‫ݧ‬৚݅ʹ૬౰͢Δใࠂॻʹ͸ɼ֤ଌఆ஋ɼ์೤ೳྗͳͲฏ‫ۉ‬஋͚ͩΛද‫͢ه‬Ε͹Α͍ɻ B.10.3 ‫߲ࣄࡌه‬ B.10.3.1 ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹؔ͢Δৄࡉͳղઆ a) ೤ഔ‫૷څڙ‬ஔʢਤ B.1 ࢀরʣ b) ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ʢෟଐॻ C ࢀরʣ B.10.3.2 ࢼ‫์ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷৄࡉͳ࢓༷ a)ç ࢼ‫์ͨ͠༻࢖ʹݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷৄࡉͳઆ໌ͱɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷߏ੒͕໌֬ʹཧղͰ͖Δࣸਅ‫ͼٴ‬ղઆ b) ࢼ‫์ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ֎‫ੇܗ‬๏ɼ࣭ྔͳͲͷ࢓༷ B.10.3.3 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ݁ՌಘΒΕͨσʔλ ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ʹࢉܭ‬ඞཁͳ͢΂ͯͷଌఆ஋Λ‫ؚ‬Ήɼ֤ࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬ಘΒΕͨଌఆ఺ͷฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λද‫ͨ͠ه‬΋ͷɻ· ͨɼ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ิͰࢉܭ‬ਖ਼͕ඞཁͳ৔߹͸ɼͦͷཧ༝Λ໌‫͢ه‬Δɻ B.10.3.4 ؔ࿈͢Δ߲໨ a)ç ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ૬ର࣪౓ b)ç ࢼ‫֎಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ c)ç େ‫ؾ‬ѹ d)ç ֎ࣨΛ΋ͭࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λࢼ‫ͨ͠༻࢖ʹݧ‬৔߹ʹ͸ɼ֎ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ B.10.3.5 ଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬࿥߲໨ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷଌఆ݁Ռ͸ɼද B.6 ʹैͬͯ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬ೖཝͷ‫಺ހׅ‬ͷ਺஋͸ɼ‫ج‬४஋Λࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼଌఆҐஔΛද͢‫߸ه‬͸ɼਤ B.2 ʹΑΔɻ 20 A 1400ɿ2007 ද B.6ʵଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬࿥ද C ఺চ্ 0.05 m C ఺চ্ 0.5 m C ఺চ্ 0.75 mʢ୅ද఺ʣ C ఺চ্ 1.5 m C ఺ఱҪԼ 0.05 m NW ఺চ্ 0.75 m NW ఺চ্ 1.5 m NE ఺চ্ 0.75 m NE ఺চ্ 1.5 m SW ఺চ্ 0.75 m SW ఺চ্ 1.5 m SE ఺চ্ 0.75 m SE ఺চ্ 1.5 m ์೤‫ث‬ཪ N ఺น໘த఺ W ఺น໘த఺ E ఺น໘த఺ S ఺น໘த఺ C ఺ఱҪ໘ C ఺চ໘ ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ޱ‬ৠ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ޱ‬ৠ‫ؾ‬ѹྗ ‫ڽ‬ॖਫྔ Թ౓ࠩʢ๞࿨ৠ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ʵ୅දۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ʣ ์೤ྔ ୯Ґ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ kPa g/h K W 1 (20) (5 kPa) ࢼ‫ੇࣨݧ‬๏ʢॎ mʷԣ mʷߴ͞ mʣ ࢼ‫ྫྷࣨݧ‬٫ํࣜʢۭྫྷ։์ɼۭྫྷີดຢ͸ӷྫྷີดʣ 2 3 (20) (20) (20 kPa) (100 kPa) 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 ෟଐॻ C ʢ‫ن‬ఆʣ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷͨΊͷࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ 21 A 1400ɿ2007 ংจ ͜ͷෟଐॻ͸ɼஆ๪༻ࣗવରྲྀɾ์ࣹ‫์ܗ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦ͏ͨΊͷࢼ‫Ͱࣨݧ‬ɼ։์‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ɼ ۭྫྷີด‫ͼٴࣨݧࢼܗ‬ӷྫྷີด‫ن͍ͯͭʹࣨݧࢼܗ‬ఆ͢Δɻ C.1 ։์‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ʢਤ C.1 ࢀরʣç ୯Ґç m ਤ C.1ʵ։์‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ͷྫ C.1.1 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷੇ๏‫ߏͼٴ‬଄ C.1.1.1 ಺ࣨͷੇ๏ ಺ࣨ͸ɼ࣍ʹࣔ͢ੇ๏Λ΋ͭ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻ ç চ໘ɿ4ʶ0.2 mʷ4ʶ0.2 m ఱҪߴɿ3.0ʶ0.2 m ͨͩ͠ɼ‫ط‬ઃͷࢼ‫͍ͯͭʹࣨݧ‬͸ɼ࣍ͷੇ๏ൣғ಺ʹ͋Ε͹Α͍ɻ ç চ໘ɿ2.7ʙ4.5 mʷ3.4ʙ6.7 m ఱҪߴɿ2.0ʙ3.2 m ͳ͓ɼෟଐॻ E ʹΑͬͯɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λ‫ؚ‬Ήࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߍਖ਼Λߦͬͨ৔߹ʹ͸ɼ͜ͷੇ๏ʹΑΒͳ͘ͱ ΋Α͍͕ɼচ໘ੵ͸ 9 m2 Ҏ্͋Δ͜ͱ͕๬·͍͠ɻ C.1.1.2 ߏ଄ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸ɼ಺ࣨͱ֎ࣨͱ͔ΒͳΔೋॏߏ଄ͱ͢Δɻ ಺ࣨͷচ໘͸ɼ֎ࣨͷচ͔Β 0.3 m Ҏ্ߴ͘ઃ͚Δɻน‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ͸ɼ։‫ޱ‬෦Λআ͖‫ͯ͠ʹີؾ‬ɼͦͷ಺ ໘͸ฏ‫͢ͱ্͛࢓ͳ׈‬Δɻ಺ࣨͷఱҪ໘‫ͼٴ‬চ໘ʹɼۭ‫ؾ‬ग़‫ؾۭͼٴޱ‬ೖ‫ޱ‬Λઃ͚Δɻচ໘ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ೖ‫ޱ‬͸ɼ ์೤‫ث‬ͷઃஔଆʹઃ͚ͯ͸ͳΒͳ͍ɻ·ͨɼۭ‫ؾ‬ग़‫ؾۭͼٴޱ‬ೖ‫ޱ‬͸ɼ։ดՄೳͳߏ଄ͱ͢Δɻ಺ࣨ͸ɼ ‫ػ‬ց‫ؾ׵‬ΛߦΘͳ͍΋ͷͱ͠ɼࣗવ॥‫ྲྀ؀‬Ҏ֎ͷۭ‫͕ͯͬ͋ྲྀؾ‬͸ͳΒͳ͍ɻ 22 A 1400ɿ2007 C.1.2 ֎ࣨ ֎ࣨͱ಺ࣨͱͷִؒ͸ 0.5 m Ҏ্ͱ͠ɼ྆ࣨͷఱҪ͸ 0.5 m Ҏ্཭͢ɻ֎ࣨ಺ʹ͓͍ͯ͸ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷଆ໘ Ͱɼ಺ࣨͱ֎ࣨͷதؒ఺Ͱɼ֎ࣨͷচ্͔Β 1.5 m ͷҐஔͰଌఆͨ͠ࢼ‫ݧ‬தͷԹ౓ͷมಈ͕ʶ2 ˆҎ্ʹ ͳΒͳ͍Α͏ʹ͢Δɻ֎ࣨ͸ɼඞཁʹԠͯ͡॥‫ૹ༻؀‬෩‫ػ‬ɼۭௐ‫Ͳͳػ‬Λඋ͑ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬தɼ಺ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ͕ॴఆͷԹ౓Λҡ࣋Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δɻ͜ͷ৔߹ɼ֎ࣨ಺ͷ‫͕ྲྀؾ੍ۭڧ‬ɼ಺ࣨ಺ͷࣗવ॥‫ʹྲྀ؀‬Ө‫ڹ‬Λ ‫͍ͳ͞΅ٴ‬Α͏ʹ഑ஔ͢Δɻ C.2 ۭྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ʢਤ C.2 ‫ͼٴ‬ਤ C.3 ࢀরʣç ୯Ґç m ਤ C.2ʵۭྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ͷྫç ͦͷ 1 ୯Ґç m ਤ C.3ʵۭྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ͷྫç ͦͷ 2 C.2.1 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷੇ๏‫ߏͼٴ‬଄ C.2.1.1 ಺ࣨͷੇ๏ ಺ࣨ͸ɼ࣍ʹࣔ͢ੇ๏Λ΋ͭ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻ ç চ໘ɿ4ʶ0.2 mʷ4ʶ0.2 m ఱҪߴɿ3.0ʶ0.2 m ͨͩ͠ɼ‫ط‬ઃͷࢼ‫͍ͯͭʹࣨݧ‬͸ɼ࣍ͷੇ๏ൣғ಺ʹ͋Ε͹Α͍ɻ ç চ໘ɿ2.7ʙ4.5 mʷ3.4ʙ6.7 m ఱҪߴɿ2.0ʙ3.2 m 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 23 A 1400ɿ2007 ͳ͓ɼෟଐॻ E ʹΑͬͯɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λ‫ؚ‬Ήࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߍਖ਼Λߦͬͨ৔߹ʹ͸ɼ͜ͷੇ๏ʹΑΒͳ͘ͱ ΋Α͍͕ɼচ໘ੵ͸ 9 m2 Ҏ্͋Δ͜ͱ͕๬·͍͠ɻ C.2.1.2 ߏ଄ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸ɼ಺ࣨͱ֎ࣨͱ͔ΒͳΔೋॏߏ଄ͱ͢Δɻ ಺ࣨͷচ໘͸ɼਤ C.2 ʹࣔ͢Α͏ʹ֎ࣨͷচ͔Βߴ͘ઃ͚Δ͔ຢ͸ɼਤ C.3 ʹࣔ͢Α͏ʹɼ֎ࣨচ໘ͱ ‫ڞ‬௨ͱ͢Δɻน‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ͸‫ͯ͠ʹີؾ‬ɼͦͷ಺໘͸ฏ‫͢ͱ্͛࢓ͳ׈‬Δɻ·ͨɼ಺ࣨΛ‫ܗ‬੒͢ΔนɼఱҪ ͳͲͷࡐྉ͸ɼͰ͖Δ͚ͩ೤༰ྔ͕খ͘͞ɼ೤௨աੑͷྑ͍΋ͷΛ࢖༻͠ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬த์೤‫͔ث‬Βൃੜͨ͠೤ ͕ɼ֎ࣨ಺ۭ‫ʹؾ‬଎΍͔ʹಀ͛ΔΑ͏ʹ͢Δɻ ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɼ಺ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ͱ֎ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ͱͷԹ౓ࠩΛখ͘͞͠ɼ಺ࣨͷน໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ͷද໘ Թ౓Λ಺ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ʹ͚ۙͮΔɻ಺ࣨ͸ɼ‫ػ‬ց‫ؾ׵‬ΛߦΘͳ͍΋ͷͱ͠ɼࣗવ॥‫ྲྀ؀‬Ҏ֎ͷۭ‫͕͋ྲྀؾ‬ ͬͯ͸ͳΒͳ͍ɻ͍ͣΕͷ৔߹΋ɼ֎ࣨ಺ͷ‫͕ྲྀؾ੍ۭڧ‬ɼ಺ࣨ಺ͷࣗવ॥‫ʹྲྀ؀‬Ө‫ڹ‬Λ‫͍ͳ͞΅ٴ‬Α͏ ʹ͢Δɻ C.2.2 ֎ࣨ ֎ࣨͱ಺ࣨͱͷִؒ͸ 0.3 m Ҏ্ͱ͠ɼ྆ࣨͷఱҪ͸ 0.3 m Ҏ্཭͢ɻ֎ࣨ಺ʹ͓͍ͯ͸ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷଆ໘ Ͱɼ಺ࣨͱ֎ࣨͷதؒ఺Ͱɼ֎ࣨͷচ্͔Β 1.5 m ͷҐஔͰଌఆͨ͠ࢼ‫ݧ‬தͷԹ౓ͷมಈ͕ʶ2 ˆҎ্ʹ ͳΒͳ͍Α͏ʹ͢Δɻ֎ࣨʹ͸ɼۭௐ‫Ͳͳػ‬Λඋ͑ͯ಺ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓Λॴఆͷ৚݅ʹҡ࣋Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͢ Δɻ ͜ͷ৔߹ɼ߃Թࣨ༻ۭௐ‫͔ػ‬Βͷ‫͕ྲྀؾ‬ɼ֎ࣨ಺ͰγϣʔταʔΩοτͳͲΛ‫͍ͳ͜͞ى‬Α͏ʹۭ‫ؾ‬ਧ ग़͠‫ޱ‬ͷ෩޲ͳͲΛߟྀ͢Δɻ C.2.3 ύʔτλΠϜ‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ͷੇ๏‫ߏͼٴ‬଄ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸ɼ‫ط‬ઃͷ‫੍ڧ‬ରྲྀ‫߃ܗ‬Թࣨ಺ʹɼࠎ૊Έͱൕ෍Λ༻͍ͯ಺ࣨΛ‫ܗ‬੒ͨ͠΋ͷͰߏ੒ͯ͠΋Α͍ɻ ͜ͷ৔߹ɼ಺ࣨͷੇ๏ɼߏ଄‫ࣨ֎ͼٴ‬͸ɼͦΕͧΕ C.2.1.1ɼC.2.1.2 ‫ ͼٴ‬C.2.2 ʹΑΔɻ·ͨɼͦͷߏ଄ྫ ͸ɼਤ C.3 ʹΑΔɻ ͳ͓ɼ಺ࣨΛ‫ܗ‬੒͢Δൕ෍͸ɼे෼ͳ೤௨աੑΛ΋ͭςϯτ෍ɼϏχϧγʔτͳͲΛ༻͍ͯ΋Α͍ɻ͜ ͷ৔߹ɼ֎ࣨ಺ͷ‫ʹྲྀؾ੍ۭڧ‬Αͬͯɼ಺ࣨΛ‫ܗ‬੒͢Δ෍ͳͲ͕༳Β͙Α͏ͳ͜ͱ͕͋ͬͯ͸ͳΒͳ͍ɻ C.3 ӷྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ʢਤ C.4 ࢀরʣç ୯Ґç m ਤ C.4ʵӷྫྷີด‫ࣨݧࢼܗ‬ͷྫ 24 A 1400ɿ2007 C.3.1 ੇ๏ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸ɼ࣍ʹࣔ͢ੇ๏Λ΋ͭ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻ ç চ໘ɿ4ʶ0.2 mʷ4ʶ0.2 m ఱҪߴɿ3.0ʶ0.2 m ͨͩ͠ɼ‫ط‬ઃͷࢼ‫͍ͯͭʹࣨݧ‬͸ɼ࣍ͷੇ๏ൣғ಺ʹ͋Ε͹Α͍ɻ ç চ໘ɿ2.7ʙ4.5 mʷ3.4ʙ6.7 m ఱҪߴɿ2.0ʙ3.2 m ·ͨɼෟଐॻ E ʹΑͬͯɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λ‫ؚ‬Ήࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߍਖ਼Λߦͬͨ৔߹ʹ͸ɼ͜ͷੇ๏ʹΑΒͳ͘ͱ ΋Α͍͕ɼচ໘ੵ͸ 9 m2 Ҏ্͋Δ͜ͱ͕๬·͍͠ɻ C.3.2 ߏ଄ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷपนɼচ‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ͸ɼྫྷਫຢ͸ଞͷӷഔମΛ॥‫͠؀‬ɼ಺ද໘Թ౓Λ΄΅‫ۉ‬Ұʹྫྷ٫͠ɼҡ࣋Ͱ ͖Δ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ಺ද໘͸ɼۚଐੑ‫إ‬ྉΛ‫͍ͳ·ؚ‬ృྉͰ࢓্͛Δɻ์೤‫ث‬ઃஔଆน໘͸ɼԣํ ޲‫์༻ݧࢼ͕޲ํ͞ߴͼٴ‬೤‫ͱث‬ಉҰͷ෯‫ੇ͞ߴͼٴ‬๏Λ΋ͭஅ೤൘Ͱ෴͏ɻ͜ͷஅ೤൘͸ɼ֎ද໘ͱӷ ྫྷนଆද໘ͷؒͷ೤఍߅͕ 0.05 m2ɾK/Wʶ10 %Ҏ্Ͱɼް͞͸ 6 mm ఔ౓ͱ͢Δɻ ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ද໘Λ΄΅Ұ༷ʹྫྷ٫͢ΔͨΊɼશपนʹର͢Δྫྷਫ॥‫ྔ؀‬͸ɼԹ౓ࠩ 1 K ౰ͨΓ 6 900 W Ҏ ্ͱͳΔΑ͏ʹબఆ͢Δ͜ͱ͕๬·͍͠ɻ·ͨɼ֤पน໘ͷྫྷਫ॥‫ྔ؀‬͸ɼ໘͝ͱʹௐઅͰ͖Δ΋ͷͱ͠ɼ ͔ͭɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷઃஔҐஔཪଆน໘͸ɼྫྷ٫ΛఀࢭͰ͖Δߏ଄ͱ͢Δɻ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸ɼ‫ػ‬ց‫ؾ׵‬ΛߦΘͳ͍΋ͷͱ͠ɼࣗવ॥‫ྲྀ؀‬Ҏ֎ͷۭ‫͕ͯͬ͋ྲྀؾ‬͸ͳΒͳ͍ɻ C.4 ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬ঢ়ଶ੍‫ޚ‬ C.4.1 Ұൠ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ʢ֎ࣨͱ಺ࣨΛ΋ͭೋॏߏ଄ͷ৔߹͸ɼ಺ࣨΛࢦ͢ɻҎԼʠࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ʡͱ͍͏ɻʣ͸ɼࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ Λఆ֨์೤ೳྗଌఆͷͨΊͷඪ४ঢ়ଶͰӡసͨ͠ͱ͖ʹɼࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬୅ද఺Ͱଌఆ͞Εۭͨ‫ؾ‬Թ౓͕ɼ19 ˆ ʙ21 ˆͷؒͰɼ͔ͭɼมಈ͕ʶ0.5 ˆҎ಺Ͱ҆ఆΛอͯΔ΋ͷͰͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ ͜ͷͱ͖ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷน໘Թ౓͸ɼࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬ͷ࿐఺Թ౓Ҏ্ʹͳΒͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ·ͨɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸์ ೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦ͏ͨΊͷ೤తఆৗঢ়ଶΛɼࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ‫ؒظ‬தɼҡ࣋Ͱ͖ͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ C.4.2 ೤తఆৗঢ়ଶͷ֬ೝ ࢼ‫֤಺ࣨݧ‬෦ͷԹ౓ͷఆৗঢ়ଶΛද C.1 ʹࣔ͢ɻ ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷࢼ‫ݧ‬தʹ౳ִؒͰ 6 ճҎ্ଌఆ֤ͨ͠఺ͷԹ౓͕ɼද C.1 ʹ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ൣғ಺Ͱ͋Ε͹ɼ ఆৗঢ়ଶཱ͕֬ͨ͠΋ͷͱΈͳ͢ɻ·ͨɼਤ C.5 ʹࢼ‫֤಺ࣨݧ‬෦ͷԹ౓ଌఆҐஔΛࣔ͢ɻ ද C.1ʵࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ͷఆৗঢ়ଶ C.4.3 ଌఆ͞ΕͨԹ౓ ֤पน໘ɼচ໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ͷத఺Թ౓ ์೤‫ث‬ཪଆʹ઀ۙͯ͠ର޲͢Δน໘ͷԹ౓ ୅ද఺ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ͦͷଞͷ఺ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬ɼนɼচ‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ͷଌఆ ฏ‫ۉ‬஋͔Βͷ࠷େภࠩ ʶ0.5 ˆ ʶ0.5 ˆ ʶ0.5 ˆ ʶ0.5 ˆ ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬นԹ౓ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬চ໘Թ౓‫ࣨݧࢼͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘Թ౓ͷଌఆʹ͸ɼ์ࣹͷӨ‫ڹ‬Λഉ আͨ͠‫ײ‬ԹମΛ༻͍Δɻ ‫ײ‬Թମ͸ɼ͋Β͔͡Ίߍਖ਼ͨ͠ T ‫ܗ‬೤ిରɼຢ͸നۚଌԹ఍߅ମͷ࢖༻͕๬·͍͠ɻ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 25 A 1400ɿ2007 ଌఆ఺͸࣍ͷͱ͓Γͱ͠ɼԹ౓ଌఆͷͨΊͷ‫ײ‬Թମͷ഑ஔΛਤ C.5 ʹࣔ͢ɻ a)ç ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷத৺ਨ௚࣠ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ 1)ç ୅ද఺ɿচ໘্ 0.75 m 2)ç চ໘্ç 0.05 mɼ0.50 m ‫ ͼٴ‬1.50 m ఱҪ໘Լç 0.05 m b)ç ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 4 ۱ͷਨ௚࣠ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ 4 ۱Ͱ௚ަ͢Δ 2 น໘͔ΒͦΕͧΕ 1 m ͷ 4 ਨ௚߹‫ ܭ‬8 ఺ʢ֤ਨ௚࣠ʹ 2 ఺ʣɻ চ໘্ç 0.75 m ‫ ͼٴ‬1.50 m c)ç ࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬ͷน໘ɼচ໘ɼఱҪ໘Թ౓ 1)ç ֤น໘ɼচ໘‫ͼٴ‬ఱҪ໘ͷ֤த఺ɿ߹‫ ܭ‬6 ఺ 2)ç ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫͕ث‬ઃஔ͞ΕΔཪଆର޲น໘ͷத৺ਨ௚্࣠Ͱɼচ໘্ 0.3 m ͷ఺ d)ç ͦͷଞͷଌఆç 1)ç ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬ͷ૬ର࣪౓ 2)ç ֎ࣨ಺Λ॥‫͢؀‬Δۭ‫ؾ‬ͷԹ౓ʢೋॏߏ଄ͷࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷ৔߹ʣ 3)ç େ‫ؾ‬ѹ ୯Ґç m ਤ C.5ʵࢼ‫֤಺ࣨݧ‬෦ͷԹ౓ଌఆҐஔ 26 A 1400ɿ2007 ෟଐॻ D ʢ‫ن‬ఆʣ ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ ংจ ͜ͷෟଐॻ͸ɼ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬Λ࢖༻͢Δ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗͷࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹ͍ͭͯ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δ΋ͷͰɼύωϧ‫ܗ‬ঢ়͕ฏ൘ ຢ͸ฏ൘ʹ͍ۙ‫ܗ‬ঢ়Λ΋ͭɼԹਫ༻ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷ์ࣹ์೤ྔͷࢼ‫ʹݧ‬ద༻͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼ͜͜Ͱ͍͏ύωϧϥδΤʔλͱ͸ɼ೤ަ‫׵‬෦͕֎෦ʹ࿐ग़ͨ͠΋ͷʢϑΟϯͦͷ΋ͷ͕ද໘൘ʹ ͳ͍ͬͯΔ΋ͷΛ‫ؚ‬ΉɻʣͰɼέʔγϯά͕ͳ͍΋ͷΛ͍͏ɻ D.1 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔ D.1.1 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸ɼෟଐॻ C ʹΑΔɻ D.1.2 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମ ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߏ੒ྫ͸ɼਤ D.1 ʹΑΔɻ ਤ D.1ʵࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମͷߏ੒ྫ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 27 A 1400ɿ2007 D.1.3 Թਫ‫ݯڅڙ‬౳ Թਫ‫ݯڅڙ‬ɼ؅‫ܥ‬ɼਫྔଌఆ૷ஔͳͲ͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹΑΔɻ D.1.4 Թ౓ͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷԹਫԹ౓ɼۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ɼࢼ‫಺ࣨݧ‬น໘Թ౓‫ͼٴ‬ः΁͍൘ද໘Թ౓Λ‫ܭ‬ ଌ͢Δɻ‫ܭ‬ଌ‫ث‬͸ɼ͋Β͔͡Ίߍਖ਼͞Εͨ 0.1 ˆҎԼͷ໨੝Λ΋ͭ΋ͷΛ༻͍Δɻ ͳ͓ɼۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓‫ͼٴ‬ද໘Թ౓ͷଌఆʹ͸ɼT ‫ܗ‬೤ిରɼຢ͸നۚଌԹ఍߅ମͷ࢖༻͕๬·͍͠ɻ D.1.4.1 ԹਫԹ౓ͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷԹਫԹ౓Λ‫ܭ‬ଌ͢ΔԹ౓‫ݕ‬ग़෦͸ɼύωϧϥδΤʔλ͔Β 0.15 m Ҏ ಺ͰɼԹਫͷฏ‫ۉ‬Թ౓Λద੾ʹଌΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ഑ஔ͢Δɻ D.1.4.2 ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓‫ͼٴ‬น໘Թ౓ͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓‫ͼٴ‬น໘Թ౓͸ɼෟଐॻ A ͷ A.4.2 ͷ‫ن‬ఆʹैͬͯ‫ܭ‬ଌ͠‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ D.1.4.3 ः΁͍൘ද໘Թ౓ͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ ः΁͍൘ද໘Թ౓͸ɼ೤ిରΛ༻͍ͨ೤ిରԹ౓‫ʹܭ‬Αͬͯଌఆ͠ɼଌఆํࣜͷ౳‫ڃ‬͸ JIS Z 8704 ͷ B ‫͢ͱڃ‬Δɻ D.1.5 ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬͸ɼ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ଆ͔ΒΈͯύωϧϥδΤʔλଆ A ໘ͷ์ࣹྔͱɼύωϧϥδΤʔλͱ൓ରଆ B ໘ͷ์ ࣹྔΛ‫ܭ‬ଌͰ͖Δ΋ͷΛ༻͍Δɻ·ͨɼฏ‫ࣹ์ۉ‬Թ౓ͷଌఆ‫͕ࠩޡ‬ɼฏ‫ࣹ์ۉ‬Թ౓ 0ʙ50 ˆͷൣғ಺Ͱʶ 0.5 ˆɼ50 ˆʙ100 ˆͷൣғͰʶ [0.5ʴ0.04 (Trʵ50)] ˆͷੑೳΛ΋ͭ์ࣹ‫Ͱܭ‬ɼԠ౴͕࣌ؒे෼଎͍΋ ͷΛ࢖༻͢Δʢ͜͜ͰɼTr ͸‫ج‬४ࣨԹΛࢦ͢ɻʣɻ ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬͸ɼਤ D.1 ʹࣔ͢Α͏ʹύωϧϥδΤʔλʹฏߦʹઃஔ͠ɼύωϧϥδΤʔλද໘͔Βͷ‫཭ڑ‬Λ 0.6 m ͱ͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼ͜͜Ͱ͍͏์ࣹ‫ͱܭ‬͸ɼ์ࣹ೤ྔ‫ܭ‬Λࢦ͢΋ͷͱ͠ɼ·ͨɼʠԠ౴͕࣌ؒे෼଎͍ʡͱ͸ɼԠ౴࣌ ͕ؒɼ15 ඵ (50 %) ‫ ͼٴ‬60 ඵ (90 %) ఔ౓Ҏ্Ͱ͋Δ͜ͱΛࢦ͢ɻ D.1.6 ः΁͍൘ ύωϧϥδΤʔλ͔Βͷ์ࣹΛःΔͨΊɼः΁͍൘Λ༻͍Δɻः΁͍൘͸ɼύωϧϥδΤʔλͱಉҰੇ ๏ͱ͠ɼे෼ͳஅ೤ੑ‫ࣹ์ͼٴ‬ः΁͍ੑͷ͋Δ΋ͷͱ͢Δɻः΁͍൘ͷ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ଆͷද໘͸ɼपน໘ͱಉ༷ ͷ௕೾௕์ࣹ཰Λ΋ͭ΋ͷͱ͠ɼ·ͨɼः΁͍൘ͷύωϧϥδΤʔλଆͷද໘͸ɼ์ࣹ཰ͷ௿͍ࡐྉͰ࢓ ্͛Δɻ ͳ͓ɼः΁͍൘ͷྫͱͯ͠͸ɼ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ଆͷද໘Λࠇ͘ృ૷͠ɼ͔ͭɼύωϧϥδΤʔλଆͷද໘ʹ͸Ξ ϧϛ͸͘ʢഩʣΛ͸ͬͨஈϘʔϧ൘ࢴ͕͋Δɻ D.2 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶ D.2.1 ඪ४ঢ়ଶ ࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼද D.1 ʹࣔ͢Թਫ༻์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷඪ४ঢ়ଶͰߦ͏ɻ ද D.1ʵඪ४ঢ়ଶ ۭ‫ٿסؾ‬Թ౓ ฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ Թ౓ࠩ ԹਫԹ౓߱Լ 20 ˆ 70 ˆ 50 K 10 K ʢฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ʵۭ‫ٿסؾ‬Թ౓ʣ D.2.2 ࢼ‫͚͓ʹ࣌ݧ‬Δۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ 28 A 1400ɿ2007 ࢼ‫͚͓ʹ࣌ݧ‬Δۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓͸ɼඪ४ঢ়ଶຢ͸ඪ४ঢ়ଶʹ͍ۙԹ౓ʹௐઅ͢Δɻ·ͨɼඪ४ঢ়ଶͱҟͳΔঢ় ଶͰࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦͬͨ৔߹ʹ͸ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶͰͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ɼԹਫԹ౓ɼશ์೤ྔ‫ࣹ์ͼٴ‬೤ྔΛ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ D.3 ࢼ‫࡞ૢݧ‬ D.3.1 ࢼ‫ݧ‬४උ ଌఆ͸ɼ10 ෼ؒʹΘۭͨͬͯ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ɼೖ‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ɼग़‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬Թਫྲྀྔ͕΄΅ҰఆʹͳΓɼ͔ ͭɼपนͷද໘Թ౓ͱࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓͕ɼ΄΅౳͘͠ͳ͔ͬͯΒ͸͡ΊΔɻ D.3.2 ࢼ‫ؒ࣌ݧ‬ ଌఆ͸ɼ30 ෼ؒҎ্ଓ͚Δɻ D.3.3 શ์೤ྔͷଌఆ ‫ܭ‬ଌ͸ɼ5 ෼ִؒຢ͸ͦΕҎԼͷִؒͰߦ͍ɼਫྔɼೖ‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ɼग़‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ɼۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓‫ͼٴ‬น໘ Թ౓ΛҰ੪ʹ‫ܭ‬ଌ͢Δɻ D.3.4 ः΁͍൘ͳ͠ͷঢ়ଶͰͷೖࣹ೤ྔͷଌఆ D.3.3 ʹࣔ͢શ์೤ྔଌఆͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ࣌͝ͱʹɼ௚ͪʹ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ͷ A ໘ͷೖࣹ೤ྔ Qa ‫ ͼٴ‬B ໘ͷೖࣹ೤ྔ Qb Λଌఆ͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼύʔςΟγϣϯͷΑ͏ͳ࢖͍ํΛ͢ΔύωϧϥδΤʔλͰɼͦͷදͱཪͷ‫ܗ‬ঢ়͕ҟͳΔ΋ͷͷ৔ ߹ʹ͸ɼύωϧϥδΤʔλͷཪଆͷ໘ʹ͓͚Δೖࣹ೤ྔ΋ଌఆՄೳͳ৔߹ʹ‫ݶ‬Γɼಉ༷ͷํ๏Ͱଌఆ͢Δɻ D.3.5 ः΁͍൘ͳ͠ͷঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δपғน໘Թ౓ͷଌఆ D.3.4 ʹࣔ͢ೖࣹ೤ྔͷ‫ܭ‬ଌ͝ͱʹɼ௚ͪʹࣨ಺นද໘Թ౓ɿTw Λ D.1.4.3 ʹ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δ೤ిରԹ౓‫ʹܭ‬Α ͬͯଌఆ͢ΔɻଌఆҐஔΛɼਤ D.2 ʹࣔ͢ɻʠนԹ౓ʹࣨ಺Թ౓ʡ͕͜ͷࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷલఏͰ͋Δɻ ਤ D.2ʵः΁͍൘ͳ͠ͷঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δଌఆ఺ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 29 A 1400ɿ2007 D.3.6 ः΁͍൘ઃஔঢ়ଶͰͷೖࣹ೤ྔͷଌఆ ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷલ໘ʹः΁͍൘Λઃஔ͢Δɻः΁͍൘ͷҐஔ͸ɼύωϧϥδΤʔλͱ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ͷؒͰɼ ύωϧϥδΤʔλʹ઀৮ͤ͞ͳ͍Α͏ʹͯ͠ɼͰ͖Δ͚ͩύωϧʹ઀ۙͤͯ͞ઃஔ͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼः΁͍൘͸ɼ͋Β͔͡ΊҰఆ࣌ؒҎ্ࢼ‫ʹ಺ࣨݧ‬ஔ͍͓͖ͯɼԹ౓ΛҰఆʢࣨԹͱಉ͡ʣʹͯ͠ ͓͘ɻ֬ೝ͸ɼः΁͍൘ද໘Թ౓ Tsʢ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ଆͷԹ౓ 1 ఺ʣΛ D.1.4.3 ʹ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δ೤ిରԹ౓‫ܭ‬Λ༻͍ͯ ଌఆ͢Δ͜ͱʹΑͬͯߦ͏ɻ ः΁͍൘ઃஔ‫ ޙ‬10 ඵҎ্‫ܦ‬ա͠ɼ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ͷ४҆ఆঢ়ଶΛ֬ೝ‫ޙ‬ɼ௚ͪʹ A ໘ͷೖࣹ೤ྔ Qa'ͱ B ໘ͷೖ ࣹ೤ྔ Qb'Λଌఆ͢Δʢਤ D.3 ࢀরʣɻ͕࣌ؒ‫ܦ‬ա͢Δͱɼः΁͍൘ͷԹ౓্͕͕ͬͯɼः΁͍൘ࣗମ͔Β ์ࣹΛߦ͏ͷͰɼ‫ܭ‬ଌ͸ਝ଎ʹߦΘͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ͞Βʹɼ์ࣹ‫ۙ෇ܭ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓Λ೤ిରԹ౓‫ʹܭ‬ Αͬͯଌఆ͠ɼࣨԹ Ta'ͱ͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼ͜͜Ͱ͍͏์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ͷ४҆ఆঢ়ଶͱ͸ɼදࣔ஋͕େ͖͘มಈ͠ͳ͘ͳͬͨঢ়ଶΛࢦ͢ɻ·ͨɼD.3.4 Ͱ͸ɼपน໘ͳͲ͔Βͷ์ࣹ೤ྔ΋‫·ؚ‬Εͯଌఆ͞Ε͍ͯΔɻD.3.4 ͱ D.3.6 ͱͷ͕ࠩύωϧ͔Βͷ์ࣹ೤ ྔͰ͋Δɻ ਤ D.3ʵः΁͍൘ઃஔঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δଌఆ఺ D.4 ์ࣹ೤ྔͷ‫ํࢉܭ‬๏‫݁ݧࢼͼٴ‬Ռͷใࠂ D.4.1 ์ࣹ೤ྔͷ‫ࢉܭ‬ D.4.1.1 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δશ์೤ྔ ࢼ‫ʹݧ‬ΑͬͯಘΒΕͨฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λೳྗͷ‫͢༻࢖ʹࢉܭ‬Δɻࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δશ์೤ྔ͸ɼ࣍ͷࣜͰࢉग़͢ Δɻ QʹCP ×W × ∆TV ······························································································ (1) 30 A 1400ɿ2007 ͜͜ʹɼ Qɿ ࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δશ์೤ྔ (kW) D.4.1.2 ์ࣹ೤ྔͷ‫ࢉܭ‬ CPɿ ฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ʹ͓͚ΔԹਫͷൺ೤ (kJ/kgŋK) ∆TVɿ ೖ‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ʵग़‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ (K) Wɿ ఆ֨௨ਫྔ (kg/s) ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷࢼ‫ݧ‬ঢ়ଶʹ͓͍ͯ์ࣹ೤ྔ͸ɼ࣍ʹࣔࣜ͢ʹΑͬͯࢉग़͢Δɻ ·ͣɼQbʹQb'Λ֬ೝ͢Δɻ͜Ε͸ɼपน͔Βͷ์ࣹ೤ྔ͕ɼύωϧϥδΤʔλͷः΁͍൘ͳ͠ͷঢ়ଶͰ ΋ɼः΁͍൘ઃஔঢ়ଶͷ৔߹Ͱ΋ɼ΄΅ಉ͡Ͱ͋Δ͜ͱͷ֬ೝͰ͋Δɻ֬ೝํ๏͸ɼ์ࣹ‫ ܭ‬B ໘ʢཪ໘ʣ ଆͰͷೖࣹ೤ྔͷଌఆʹΑΔɻ ͜͜ʹɼ Qbɿ ः΁͍൘ͳ͠ͷঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δ B ໘ͷೖࣹ೤ྔଌఆ஋ Qb'ɿ ः΁͍൘ઃஔঢ়ଶʹ͓͚Δ B ໘ͷೖࣹ೤ྔଌఆ஋ ์ࣹ೤ྔ͸ɼ࣍ͷࣜͰද͞ΕΔɻ QPʹ QaʵQa' FP ···································································································· (2) ͜͜ʹɼ QPɿ ύωϧϥδΤʔλ͔Βͷ์ࣹ೤ྔ (W/m2) Qaɿ D.3.4 Ͱଌఆͨ͠ A ໘ͷೖࣹ೤ྔʢः΁͍൘ͳ͠ͷঢ়ଶʣ (W/m2) Qa'ɿ D.3.6 Ͱଌఆͨ͠ A ໘ͷೖࣹ೤ྔʢः΁͍൘ઃஔͷঢ়ଶʣ (W/m2) FPɿ ์ࣹ‫͔ܭ‬ΒύωϧϥδΤʔλΛΈͨ‫ܗ‬ଶ܎਺ ͜ͷࣜ(2)Λ༻͍ͯɼ์ࣹ೤ྔΛࢉग़͢Δɻ ·ͨɼ‫ܗ‬ଶ܎਺ɿFP ͸ɼ࣍ͷࣜ(3)Ͱࢉग़͢Δɻ FP = 4× 1 2π ïì í ïî a tan −1 (a 2 + c 2 ) b + (a 2 + c 2 ) b tan −1 (b 2 + c 2 ) a ïü ý (3) (b 2 + c 2 ) ïþ ͳ͓ɼࣜத aɼbɼc ͸ɼਤ D.4 ʹࣔ͢ͱ͓ΓͰ͋Δɻ ਤ D.4ʵ‫ܗ‬ଶ܎਺ͷࢉग़ʹ͔͔ΔύωϧϥδΤʔλͱ์ࣹ‫ͱܭ‬ͷ֯ؔ܎ਤ D.4.2 ୯Ґ໘ੵ౰ͨΓͷશ์೤ྔͷ‫ࢉܭ‬ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 31 A 1400ɿ2007 ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷ୯Ґ໘ੵ౰ͨΓͷશ์೤ྔ͸ɼ࣍ͷࣜ(4)ʹΑͬͯࢉग़͢Δɻ Qiʹ Ai Q × 1000 ··································································································· (4) ͜͜ʹɼ Qiɿ ୯Ґ໘ੵ౰ͨΓͷશ์೤ྔ (W/m2) Qɿ શ์೤ྔ (kW) Aiɿ ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷ์೤໘ੵ (m2) ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷ์೤໘ੵ Ai ͸ɼ࣍ͷͱ͓Γͱ͢Δɻ a)ç ์೤໘͕લ໘‫ޙͼٴ‬໘ͷ૒ํͰ͋Δ৔߹ʜʜύωϧ์೤໘ͷਫฏ౤Ө໘ੵͷ 2 ഒ b)ç ์೤໘͕લ໘͚ͩͰ͋Δ৔߹ ʢ‫ޙ‬໘Λஅ೤ͨ͠ߏ଄ɼຢ͸͜Εʹ૬౰͢Δߏ଄ͷύωϧͷ৔߹ʣʜʜύωϧ์೤໘ͷਫฏ౤Ө໘ੵ ͜͜Ͱ͍͏์೤໘ੵͱ͸ɼύωϧͷද໘ੵͰ͸ͳ͘ɼύωϧʹۙ઀ۭͨؒ͠ͷҰஅ໘Λ௨ա͢Δ೤ྲྀͷ ີ౓Λࢉఆ͢ΔͨΊͷʠԾ૝తͳ೤௨ա໘ʡͷ໘ੵΛࢦ͢ɻ͕ͨͬͯ͠ɼύωϧͷԜತʹ͸ແؔ܎Ͱ͋Δɻ ͳ͓ɼ྆ଆ໘‫্ͼٴ‬Լ໘ʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɼલ‫ޙ‬໘ʹൺ΂ͯ‫ۃ‬Ίͯ໘ੵ͕খ͍͞΋ͷͱΈͳ͠ɼ์೤໘ੵʹࢉ ೖ͠ͳ͍ɻ D.4.3 ୯Ґ໘ੵ౰ͨΓͷશ์೤ྔʹର͢Δ์ࣹ೤ྔͷׂ߹ͷ‫ࢉܭ‬ ύωϧϥδΤʔλͷ୯Ґ໘ੵ౰ͨΓͷશ์೤ྔʹର͢Δ์ࣹ೤ྔͷׂ߹͸ɼ࣍ͷࣜ(5)ʹΑͬͯࢉग़͢Δɻ Rʹ QP × 100 ···································································································· (5) Qi ͜͜ʹɼ Rɿ ์ࣹ೤ྔͷׂ߹ (%) QPɿ ์ࣹ೤ྔ (W/m2) Qiɿ ୯Ґ໘ੵ౰ͨΓͷશ์೤ྔ (W/m2) D.5 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ใࠂॻ D.5.1 ‫ه‬࿥ͷอଘ ࢼ‫ݧ‬தʹҰఆप‫ߦͰظ‬ΘΕ࣮ͨ‫݁ݧ‬Ռͷ‫ه‬࿥Λอଘ͢Δɻ D.5.2 ‫߲ࣄࡌه‬ D.5.2.1 ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹؔ͢Δৄࡉͳղઆ a) ೤ഔ‫૷څڙ‬ஔʹؔ͢Δ΋ͷʢਤ D.1 ࢀরʣ b) ࢼ‫ؔ͢ʹࣨݧ‬Δৄࡉʢෟଐॻ C ࢀরʣ c) ࢖༻ͨ͠์ࣹ‫ؔ͢ʹܭ‬Δ৘ใʢ‫ࣜܕ‬ɼ੡଄‫໊ऀۀ‬ɼओͳ࢓༷ʣ D.5.2.2 ࢼ‫์ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷৄࡉͳ࢓༷ a) ࢼ‫์ͨ͠༻࢖ʹݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷৄࡉͳઆ໌ͱɼ์೤‫ث‬ͷߏ੒͕໌֬ʹཧղͰ͖Δࣸਅͱղઆ b) ࢼ‫์ݧ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ֎‫ੇܗ‬๏ɼ࣭ྔɼਫ༰ྔͳͲ࢓༷ʹؔ͢Δৄࡉ D.5.2.3 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ݁ՌಘΒΕͨσʔλ ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ʹࢉܭ‬ඞཁͳ͢΂ͯͷଌఆ஋Λ‫ؚ‬Ήɼ֤ࢼ‫Ͱݧ‬ಘΒΕͨଌఆ఺ͷฏ‫ۉ‬஋Λද‫ͨ͠ه‬΋ͷɻ· ͨɼ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ิͰࢉܭ‬ਖ਼͕ඞཁͳ৔߹͸ɼͦͷཧ༝Λ໌‫͢ه‬Δɻ D.5.2.4 ؔ࿈͢Δ߲໨ a) ࢼ‫֎಺ࣨݧ‬ͷۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓‫ͼٴ‬૬ର࣪౓ b) େ‫ؾ‬ѹ c) ֎ࣨΛ΋ͭࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λࢼ‫ͨ͠༻࢖ʹݧ‬৔߹ʹ͸ɼ֎ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ D.5.2.5 ์ࣹ೤ྔͷ‫݁ࢉܭ‬Ռ 32 A 1400ɿ2007 ଌఆσʔλΛ‫ࣹ์ͨ͠ࢉܭʹج‬೤ྔɼ‫์ͼٴ‬೤ྔʹ઎ΊΔ์ࣹ೤ྔͷׂ߹ɻ D.5.2.6 ଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬࿥߲໨ ์ࣹ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷଌఆ݁Ռ͸ɼද D.2 ʹैͬͯ‫ه‬࿥͢Δɻ ͳ͓ɼଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬ೖཝͷ‫಺ހׅ‬ͷ਺஋͸‫ج‬४஋Λࣔ͠ɼྲྀྔཝͷ GW ͸ఆ֨௨ਫྔΛࣔ͢ɻ·ͨɼଌఆ ҐஔΛද͢‫߸ه‬͸ɼਤ C.5 ʹΑΔɻ ද D.2ʵଌఆ݁Ռ‫ه‬࿥ද ୯Ґ C ఺চ্ 0.05 m ˆ C ఺চ্ 0.5 m ˆ C ఺চ্ 0.75 mʢ୅ද఺ʣ ˆ C ఺চ্ 1.5 m ˆ C ఺ఱҪԼ 0.05 m ˆ NW ఺চ্ 0.75 m ˆ NW ఺চ্ 1.5 m ˆ NE ఺চ্ 0.75 m ˆ NE ఺চ্ 1.5 m ˆ SW ఺চ্ 0.75 m ˆ SW ఺চ্ 1.5 m ˆ SE ఺চ্ 0.75 m ˆ SE ఺চ্ 1.5 m ˆ ์೤‫ث‬ཪ ˆ N ఺น໘த఺ ˆ W ఺น໘த఺ ˆ E ఺น໘த఺ ˆ S ఺น໘த఺ ˆ C ఺ఱҪ໘ ˆ C ఺চ໘ ˆ ์೤‫ث‬ೖ‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ ˆ ์೤‫ث‬ग़‫ޱ‬ԹਫԹ౓ ˆ ฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ ˆ Թ౓ࠩʢฏ‫ۉ‬ԹਫԹ౓ʵ୅දۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ʣ K ์೤ྔ W ྲྀྔ L/h ֎ۭࣨ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ ೖࣹ೤ྔ A ໘ ˆ W/m2 ೖࣹ೤ྔ B ໘ W/m2 ः΁͍൘ද໘Թ౓ ˆ ‫ܗ‬ଶ܎਺ ์ࣹ೤ྔ ์೤໘ੵ ୯Ґ໘ੵ౰ͨΓͷ์೤ྔ W/m2 m2 W/m2 ์ࣹ೤ྔׂ߹ % ࢼ‫ੇࣨݧ‬๏ʢॎ mʷԣ mʷߴ͞ mʣ ࢼ‫ྫྷࣨݧ‬٫ํࣜʢۭྫྷ։์ɼۭྫྷີดຢ͸ӷྫྷີดʣ ์ࣹ‫ܭ‬ͷ‫ࣜܕ‬ 1.ः΁͍൘ͳ͠ͷͱ͖ (20) (75) (65) (70) (50) (GW) 2.ः΁͍൘͋Γͷͱ͖ (20) (75) (65) (70) (50) ʢಉࠨʣ 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载 ෟଐॻ E ʢࢀߟʣ ϚελʔϥδΤʔλΛ࢖༻͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷߍਖ਼ํ๏ 33 A 1400ɿ2007 ংจ ͜ͷෟଐॻ͸ɼϚελʔϥδΤʔλΛ࢖༻͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷߍਖ਼ํ๏ʹ͍ͭͯ‫͢ࡌه‬Δ΋ͷͰ͋ͬͯɼ‫ن‬ఆ ͷҰ෦Ͱ͸ͳ͍ɻ E.1 Ұൠ ͜ͷෟଐॻ͸ɼஆ๪༻ࣗવରྲྀɾ์ࣹ‫์ܗ‬೤‫ث‬ͷ์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦ͏ͨΊͷࢼ‫Ͱࣨݧ‬ɼେ͖͚͕ͩ͞ෟ ଐॻ C ʹ‫ن‬ఆͨ͠ੇ๏ൣғΛ֎ΕΔ৔߹ʹɼ౰֘ࢼ‫͕ࣨݧ‬ɼ͜ͷ‫نʹ֨ن‬ఆ͢Δ์೤‫ث‬ͷࢼ‫ͯ͠ͱࣨݧ‬ͷ ‫ػ‬ೳɼਫ਼౓Λ΋͍ͬͯΔ͔Ͳ͏͔Λ൑ఆ͢ΔͨΊʹߦ͏ࢼ‫ํݧ‬๏ʹ͍ͭͯ‫͢ࡌه‬Δɻ E.2 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ ͜ͷෟଐॻ͕ର৅ͱ͢Δࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬͸ɼੇ๏Ҏ֎ͷ͢΂͕ͯɼෟଐॻ C ʹద߹͍ͯ͠ͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ E.3 ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ Թ࣪౓ଌఆ‫ثܭ‬ɼਫྔଌఆ‫͢༻࢖ʹݧࢼͲͳثܭ‬Δ͢΂ͯͷଌఆ‫ثܭ‬͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δ΋ͷΛ༻ ͍Δɻ E.4 ࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશൠ Թਫ‫ݯڅڙ‬ɼ؅‫ܥ‬Λ‫ؚ‬Ήࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશൠ͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹΑΔɻ E.5 ଌఆ૷ஔ ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ɼ೤‫͢ͱݯ‬ΔԹਫͷ௨ਫྔɼਫೖ‫ޱ‬Թ౓ɼਫग़‫ޱ‬Թ౓ͳͲΛଌఆ͢ΔͨΊͷଌఆ૷ஔ‫ݧࢼͼٴ‬ ࣨ಺ۭ‫ؾ‬Թ౓ଌఆͷͨΊͷ‫ײ‬Թମͷ഑ஔͳͲ͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹΑΔɻ E.6 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ཁ߲ E.6.1 ࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ४උ E.6.1.1 ‫ج‬४์೤‫ث‬ ࢼ‫์༻ݧ‬೤‫جͯ͠ͱث‬४์೤‫ث‬Λ༻͍Δɻ ‫ج‬४์೤‫ث‬͸ɼEN 442-2:1996 ʹ‫ن‬ఆ͢ΔϚελʔϥδΤʔλ No.2 Λ༻͍Δɻ E.6.1.2 ‫ج‬४์೤‫ث‬ͷઃஔํ๏ ‫ج‬४์೤‫ث‬͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹैͬͯઃஔ͢Δɻͨͩ͠ɼऔ෇͚ํ๏ɼԹਫͷೖ‫ͼٴޱ‬ग़‫ޱ‬ͷ઀ଓํ๏ͳͲ ͸ɼEN 442-2:1996 ʹΑΔɻ E.6.1.3 ఆৗঢ়ଶͷ֬ೝ ࢼ‫֤಺ࣨݧ‬෦ͷԹ౓‫ͼٴ‬೤ഔଆͷఆৗঢ়ଶ͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δํ๏ʹΑͬͯ֬ೝ͢Δɻ E.6.2 ࢼ‫࡞ૢݧ‬ ‫ج‬४์೤‫ث‬Λ࢖༻ͨ͠์೤ೳྗࢼ‫ݧ‬Λɼෟଐॻ A ʹ‫ن‬ఆ͢Δํ๏ʹΑͬͯߦ͏ɻ 34 A 1400ɿ2007 E.6.3 ඪ४ঢ়ଶ ࢼ‫ݧ‬͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹ‫ن‬ఆͷඪ४ঢ়ଶͰߦ͏ɻ E.6.4 ࢼ‫ؒ࣌ݧ‬ɼ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ࢉܭ‬ɼࢼ‫ݧ‬ใࠂॻ ࢼ‫ؒ࣌ݧ‬ɼ์೤ೳྗͷ‫ݧࢼͼٴࢉܭ‬ใࠂॻ͸ɼෟଐॻ A ʹΑΔɻ E.7 ൑ఆํ๏ ߹൱ͷ൑ఆ͸ɼࢼ‫݁ݧ‬ՌΛ‫ʹج‬ɼ࣍ʹΑͬͯߦ͏ɻ a) ࢼ‫ؾۭ಺ࣨݧ‬Թ౓ͳͲ֤෦ͷԹ౓ภ͕ࠩɼෟଐॻ C ʹ‫ن‬ఆͷൣғ಺ʹ͋Δɻ b) EN 442-2:1996ɼAnnex H ʹ‫ن‬ఆ͞Εͨ reference value ͱɼࢼ‫ݧ‬ͷ݁ՌಘΒΕͨ์೤ೳྗ஋ͱΛൺֱ͠ ͯɼෆ߹ཧͳࠩҟ͕ͳ͍ɻ E.8 ࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬ͷߍਖ਼ͱͯ͜͠ͷෟଐॻͷํ๏Λద༻͢Δ͜ͱʹ͍ͭͯ ৽‫ن‬ຢ͸‫ط‬ઃͷࢼ‫Ͱࣨݧ‬ɼࢼ‫ࣨݧ‬Λ‫ؚ‬Ίͨࢼ‫૷ݧ‬ஔશମ͕ɼ͜ͷ‫نͰ֨ن‬ఆ͢Δਫ਼౓ൣғ಺ʹ͋Δ͔Ͳ ͏͔Λ൑அ͢ΔͨΊʹɼ͜ͷෟଐॻʹ‫ํͮ͘ج‬๏Ͱࢼ‫ݧ‬Λߦ͍ɼ൑ఆΛߦͬͯ΋Α͍ɻ ࢀߟจ‫ ݙ‬EN 442-2:1996ç Specification for radiators and convectors. Test methods and rating 标准分享网 www.bzfxw.com 免费下载

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