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® TDA2003 10W CAR RADIO AUDIO AMPLIFIER DESCRIPTION The TDA 2003 has improved performance with the same pin configuration as the TDA 2002. The additional features of TDA 2002, very low number of external components,ease of assembly, space and cost saving, are maintained. Thedevice provides a high output currentcapability (up to 3.5A) very low harmonic and cross-over distortion. Completely safe operation is guaranteed due to protectionagainst DC and AC short circuit between all pins and ground, thermal over-range,load dump voltage surge up to 40V and fortuitous open ground. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Symbol VS VS VS IO IO Ptot Tstg, Tj Parameter Peak supply voltage (50ms) DC supply voltage Operating supply voltage Output peak current (repetitive) Output peak current (non repetitive) Power dissipation at Tcase = 90°C Storage and junction temeperature TEST CIRCUIT PENTAWATT ORDERING NUMBERS : TDA 2003H TDA 2003V Value Unit 40 V 28 V 18 V 3.5 A 4.5 A 20 W -40 to 150 °C October 1998 1/10 TDA2003 PIN CONNECTION (top view) SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM THERMAL DATA Symbol Parameter Rth-j-case Thermal resistance junction-case 2/10 Value max 3 Unit °C/W DC TEST CIRCUIT AC TEST CIRCUIT TDA2003 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS ( Vs = 14.4V, Tamb = 25 °C unless otherwise specified) Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit DC CHARACTERISTICS (Refer to DC test circuit) Vs Supply voltage Vo Quiescent output voltage (pin 4) Id Quiescent drain current (pin 5) AC CHARACTERISTICS (Refer to AC test circuit, Gv = 40 dB) Po Output power Vi(rms) Vi Input saturation voltage Input sensitivity d = 10% f = 1 kHz RL = 4Ω RL = 2Ω RL = 3.2Ω RL = 1.6Ω f = 1 kHz Po = 0.5W Po = 6W Po = 0.5W Po 10W RL = 4Ω RL = 4Ω RL = 2Ω RL = 2Ω 8 18 V 6.1 6.9 7.7 V 44 50 mA 5.5 6 W 9 10 W 7.5 W 12 W 300 mV 14 mV 55 mV 10 mV 50 mV 3/10 TDA2003 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) Symbol Parameter Test conditions B Frequency response (-3 dB) d Distortion Ri Input resistance (pin 1) Gv Voltage gain (open loop) Po = 1W RL = 4Ω f = 1 kHz Po = 0.05 to4.5W RL = 4Ω Po = 0.05 to 7.5W RL = 2Ω f = 1 kHz f = 1 kHz f = 10 kHz Gv Voltage gain (closed loop) f = 1 kHz RL = 4Ω eN Input noise voltage (0) iN Input noise current (0) η Efficiency SVR Supply voltage rejection f = 1 Hz Po = 6W Po = 10W f = 100 Hz Vripple = 0.5V Rg = 10 kΩ RL = 4Ω RL = 2Ω RL = 4Ω (0) Filter with noise bandwidth: 22 Hz to 22 kHz Min. Typ. Max. Unit 40 to 15,000 Hz 0.15 % 0.15 % 70 150 kΩ 80 dB 60 dB 39.3 40 40.3 dB 1 5 µV 60 200 pA 69 % 65 % 30 36 dB Figure 1. Quiescent output voltage vs. supply voltage Figure 2. Quiescent drain current vs. supply voltage Figure 3. Output power vs. supply voltage 4/10 Figure 4. Output power vs. load resistance RL Figure 5. Gain vs. input sensivity TDA2003 Figure 6. Gain vs. input sensivity Figure 7. Distortion vs. output power Figure 8. Distortion vs. frequency Figure 9. Supply voltage rejection vs. voltage gain Figure 10. Supply voltage rejection vs. frequency Figure 11. Power dissipation and efficiency vs. output power (RL = 4Ω) Figure 12. Power dissipation and efficiencyvs. output power (RL = 2Ω) 5/10 TDA2003 Figure 13. Maximum power dissipation vs. supply voltage (sine wave operation) Figure 14. Maximum allowable power dissipation vs. ambient temperature Figure 15. Typical values of capacitor (CX) for different values of frequency reponse (B) APPLICATION INFORMATION Figure 16. Typical application Figure 17. P.C. board and component layout for the circuit of circuit fig. 16 (1 : 1 scale) BUILT-IN PROTECTION SYSTEMS Load dump voltage surge The TDA 2003 has a circuit which enables it to withstand a voltage pulse train, on pin 5, of the type shown in fig. 19. If the supply voltage peaks to more than 40V, then an LC filter must be inserted between the supply and pin 5, in order to assure that the pulses at pin 5 will be held within the limits shown in fig. 18. A suggested LC network is shown in fig. 19. With this network, a train of pulses with amplitude up to 120V and width of 2 ms can be applied at point A. This type of protection is ON when the supply voltage(pulsed or DC)exceeds18V.For this reason the maximum operating supply voltage is 18V. 6/10 Figure 18. Figure 19. TDA2003 Short-circuit (AC and DC conditions) The TDA 2003 can withstand a permanent shortcircuit on the output for a supply voltage up to 16V. Polarity inversion High current (up to 5A) can be handled by the device with no damage for a longer period than the blow-out time of a quick 1A fuse (normally connected in series with the supply). This feature is added to avoid destruction if, during fitting to the car, a mistake on the connectionof the supply is made. Open ground When the radio is in the ON condition and the ground is accidentally opened, a standard audio amplifier will be damaged. On the TDA 2003 protection diodes are included to avoid any damage. Inductive load A protection diode is provided between pin 4 and 5 (see the internal schematic diagram) to allow use of the TDA 2003 with inductive loads. In particular, the TDA 2003 can drive a coupling transformer for audio modulation. DC voltage The maximum operating DC voltage on the TDA 2003 is 18V. However the device can withstand a DC voltage up to 28V with no damage. This could occur during winter if two batteries were series connected to crank the engine. Thermal shut-down The presence of a thermal limiting circuit offers the following advantages: 1) an overload on the output (even if it is permanent), oran excessive ambient temperature can be easily withstood. 2) the heat-sink can have a smaller factor compared with that of a conventionalcircuit. There is no device damage in the case of excessive junction temperature: all that happens is that Po (and therefore Ptot) and Id are reduced. Figure 20. Output power and drain current vs. case temperature (RL = 4Ω) Figure 21. Output power and drain current vs. case temperature (RL = 2Ω) 7/10 TDA2003 PRATICAL CONSIDERATION Printed circuit board The layout shown in fig. 17 is recommended. If different layouts are used, the ground points of input 1 and input 2 must be well decoupled from the ground of the output through which a ratherhigh current flows. Assembly suggestion No electrical insulation is required between the packageand the heat-sink.Pin length should be as short as possible. The soldering temperature must not exceed 260°C for 12 seconds. Application suggestions The recommended component values are those shown in the application circuits of fig.16. Different values can be used. The following table is intended to aid the car-radio designer. Compon ent C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 CX R1 R2 R3 RX Recommmended value Purpose 2.2 µF Input DC decoupling 470 µF Ripple rejection 0.1 µF Supply bypassing 1000 µF Output coupling to load 0.1 µF Frequency stability ≅ 2 π 1 B R1 (Gv-1) • R2 2.2 Ω 1Ω Upper frequency cutoff Setting of gain Setting of gain and SVR Frequency stability ≅ 20 R2 Upper frequency cutoff Larger than Smaller than recommended value recommended value C1 Noise at switch-on, switch-off Degradation of SVR Danger of oscillation Higher low frequency cutoff Danger of oscillation at high frequencies with inductive loads Lower bandwidth Larger bandwidth Degradation of SVR Increase of drain current Danger of oscillation at high frequencies with inductive loads Poor high frequency attenuation Danger of oscillation 8/10 DIM. A C D D1 E E1 F F1 G G1 H2 H3 L L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 L9 M M1 V4 MIN. 2.4 1.2 0.35 0.76 0.8 1 3.2 6.6 10.05 17.55 15.55 21.2 22.3 2.6 15.1 6 4.23 3.75 mm TYP. 3.4 6.8 17.85 15.75 21.4 22.5 0.2 4.5 4 MAX. 4.8 1.37 2.8 1.35 0.55 1.19 1.05 1.4 3.6 7 10.4 10.4 18.15 15.95 21.6 22.7 1.29 3 15.8 6.6 MIN. 0.094 0.047 0.014 0.030 0.031 0.039 0.126 0.260 0.396 0.691 0.612 0.831 0.878 0.102 0.594 0.236 4.75 0.167 4.25 0.148 40° (typ.) inch TYP. 0.134 0.268 0.703 0.620 0.843 0.886 0.008 0.177 0.157 MAX. 0.189 0.054 0.110 0.053 0.022 0.047 0.041 0.055 0.142 0.276 0.409 0.409 0.715 0.628 0.850 0.894 0.051 0.118 0.622 0.260 0.187 0.167 TDA2003 OUTLINE AND MECHANICAL DATA Pentawatt V A B C L5 L L1 L8 V V1 V R D D1 L2 L3 V3 R R V4 E V M1 M H3 H1 Dia. L7 L6 V4 G G1 F1 F H2 RESIN BETWEEN LEADS V4 L9 V H2 F E1 E 9/10 TDA2003 Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specification mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics. The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics © 1998 STMicroelectronics – Printed in Italy – All Rights Reserved STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia - Brazil - Canada - China - France - Germany - Italy - Japan - Korea - Malaysia - Malta - Mexico - Morocco - The Netherlands - Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Taiwan - Thailand - United Kingdom - U.S.A. 10/10




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