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ISD1400 SERIES SINGLE-CHIP VOICE RECORD/PLAYBACK DEVICES 16- AND 20-SECOND DURATION Publication Release Date: March 2004 -1- Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION Winbond’s ISD1400 ChipCorder® series provide high-quality, single-chip, Record/Playback solutions to short-duration messaging applications. The CMOS devices include an on-chip oscillator, microphone preamplifier, automatic gain control, anti-aliasing filter, smoothing filter, and speaker amplifier. A minimum Record/Playback subsystem can be configured with a microphone, a speaker, several passive components, two push buttons and a power source. Recordings are stored into onchip non-volatile memory cells, providing zero-power message storage. This unique, single-chip solution is made possible through Winbond’s patented Multi-Level Storage (MLS) technology. Voice and audio signals are stored directly into memory in their natural form, providing high-quality, solidstate voice reproduction. 2. FEATURES • Single +5 volt power supply • Duration: 14 and 20 seconds. • Easy-to-use single-chip, voice record/playback solution • High-quality, natural voice/audio reproduction • Manual switch or microcontroller compatible Playback can be edge- or level-activated • Directly cascadable for longer durations • Automatic power-down (push-button mode) o Standby current 1 µA (typical) • Zero-power message storage o Eliminates battery backup circuits • Fully addressable to handle multiple messages • 100-year message retention (typical) • 100,000 record cycles (typical) • On-chip oscillator • Programmer support for play-only applications • Available in die, PDIP and SOIC • Temperature: o Commercial - Packaged unit : 0°C to 70°C, Die : 0°C to 50°C o Industrial - Packaged unit : -40°C to 85°C -2- 3. BLOCK DIAGRAM ISD1400 SERIES XCLK ANA IN ANA OUT MIC MIC REF AGC Internal Clock Timing Sampling Clock Amp 5-Pole Active Antialiasing Filter PreAmp Automatic Gain Control (AGC) Decoders Analog Transceivers 128K Cell Nonvolatile Multilevel Storage Array Power Conditioning Address Buffers 5-Pole Active Smoothing Filter Device Control Amp SP + SP - VCCA VSSA VSSD VCCD A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 REC PLAYE PLAYL RECLED Publication Release Date: March 2004 -3- Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 4. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION.................................................................................................................. 2 2. FEATURES ......................................................................................................................................... 2 3. BLOCK DIAGRAM .............................................................................................................................. 3 4. TABLE OF CONTENTS ...................................................................................................................... 4 5. PIN CONFIGURATION ....................................................................................................................... 5 6. PIN DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................. 6 7. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION.......................................................................................................... 10 7.1. Detailed Description.................................................................................................................... 10 7.2. Operational Modes ..................................................................................................................... 11 7.2.1. Operational Modes Description............................................................................................ 11 8. TIMING DIAGRAMS.......................................................................................................................... 13 9. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS.................................................................................................... 14 9.1 Operating Conditions ................................................................................................................... 15 10. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS ............................................................................................... 16 10.1. Parameters For Packaged Parts .............................................................................................. 16 10.1.1. Typical Parameter Variation with Voltage and Temperature ............................................. 19 10.2. Parameters For DIE.................................................................................................................. 20 10.2.1. Typical Parameter Variation with Voltage and Temperature ............................................. 23 11. TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUIT ................................................................................................. 24 12. PACKAGE DRAWING AND DIMENSIONS .................................................................................... 27 12.1. 28-Lead 300 mil Plastic Small Outline IC (SOIC)..................................................................... 27 12.2. 28-Lead 600 mil Plastic Dual Inline Package (PDIP) ............................................................... 28 12.3. Die Physical Layout [1]............................................................................................................... 29 13. ORDERING INFORMATION........................................................................................................... 31 14. VERSION HISTORY ....................................................................................................................... 32 -4- 5. PIN CONFIGURATION ISD1400 SERIES A0 1 A1 2 A2 3 A3 4 A4 5 A5 6 NC 7 NC 8 A6 9 A7 10 NC 11 VSSD 12 VSSA 13 SP + 14 SOIC / PDIP 28 VCCD 27 REC 26 XCLK 25 RECLED 24 PLAYE 23 PLAYL 22 NC 21 ANA OUT 20 ANA IN 19 AGC 18 MIC REF 17 MIC 16 VCCA 15 SP- Note: NC means must be No connect Publication Release Date: March 2004 -5- Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 6. PIN DESCRIPTION PIN NAME A0-A7 PIN NO 1-6, 9, 10 NC VSSD, VSSA 7, 8, 11, 22 12, 13 SP+, SP- 14, 15 VCCA, VCCD 16, 28 MIC 17 FUNCTION Address Inputs: The address inputs have two functions, depending on the level of the two Most Significant Bits (MSB) of the address. If either or both of the two MSBs are LOW, the inputs are all interpreted as address bits and are used as the start address for the current record or playback cycle. The address pins are inputs only and do not output internal address information as the operation progresses. Address inputs are latched by the falling edge of PLAYE , PLAYL , or REC . If both A6 & A7 are HIGH, then the device is in special operational modes. Please refer to operational modes section for details. NC: No Connect Ground: Similar to VCCA and VCCD, the analog and digital circuits internal to the ISD1400 series use separate ground buses to minimize noise. These pins should be tied together as close as possible to the device. Speaker Outputs: The SP+ and SP- pins provide direct drive for loudspeakers with impedances as low as 16 Ω. A single output may be used, but, for direct-drive loudspeakers, the two opposite-polarity outputs provide an improvement in output power of up to four times over a single-ended connection. Forthermore, when SP+ and SP- are used, a speakercoupling capacitor is not required. A single-ended connection will require an AC-coupling capacitor between the SP pin and the speaker. The speaker outputs are in a highimpedance state during a record cycle, and held at VSSA during power down. Supply Voltage: Analog and digital circuits internal to the ISD1400 series use separate power buses to minimize noise on the chip. These voltage buses are brought out to separate pins on the package and should be tied together as close to the supply as possible. It is important that the power supply be decoupled as close to the package as possible. Microphone: The microphone input transfers its signal to the on-chip preamplifier. An on-chip Automatic Gain Control (AGC) circuit controls the gain of this preamplifier from –15 to 24dB. An external microphone should be AC coupled to this pin via a series capacitor. The capacitor value, together with the internal 10 KΩ resistance on this pin, determines the lowfrequency cutoff for the ISD1400 series passband. See Winbond’s Application Information for additional information on low-frequency cutoff calculation. -6- ISD1400 SERIES PIN NAME MIC REF AGC ANA IN ANA OUT PLAYL [2] PLAYE [2] PIN NO 18 19 20 21 23 24 FUNCTION Microphone Reference: The MIC REF input is the inverting input to the microphone preamplifier. This provides a noisecanceling or common-mode rejection input to the device when connected to a differential microphone. Automatic Gain Control (AGC): The AGC dynamically adjusts the gain of the preamplifier to compensate for the wide range of microphone input levels. The AGC allows the full range of sound, from whispers to loud sounds, to be recorded with minimal distortion. The “attack” time is determined by the time constant of a 5 KΩ internal resistance and an external capacitor (C6 on the schematic of section 11, Figure 5) connected from the AGC pin to VSSA analog ground. The “release” time is determined by the time constant of an external resistor (R5) and an external capacitor (C6) connected in parallel between the AGC pin and VSSA analog ground. Nominal values of 470 KΩ and 4.7 µF give satisfactory results in most cases. Analog Input: The analog input pin transfers its signal to the chip for recording. For microphone inputs, the ANA OUT pin should be connected via an external capacitor to the ANA IN pin. This capacitor value, together with the 3.0 KΩ input impedance of ANA IN, is selected to give additional cutoff at the low-frequency end of the voice passband. If the desired input is derived from a source other than a microphone, the signal can be fed, capacitively coupled, into the ANA IN pin directly. Analog Output: This pin provides the preamplifier output to the user. The voltage gain of the preamplifier is determined by the voltage level at the AGC pin. Playback, Level-Activated: When this input signal is held LOW, a playback cycle is initiated, and playback continues until PLAYL is pulled HIGH, or an EOM marker is detected. The device automatically powers down and enters into standby mode upon completion of a playback cycle. Playback, Edge-Activated: When a LOW-going transition is input to this pin, a playback cycle begins. Taking PLAYE HIGH during a playback cycle will not terminate the current cycle. Playback continues until an EOM is encountered. Upon completion of a playback cycle, the device automatically powers down and enters into standby mode. Publication Release Date: March 2004 -7- Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES PIN NAME RECLED XCLK PIN NO 25 26 FUNCTION Record LED: The RECLED output is LOW during a record cycle. It can be used to drive an LED to indicate a record cycle is in progress. In addition, RECLED pulses LOW momentarily when an end-of-message is encountered in a playback operation. External Clock: The input has an internal pull-down device. The ISD1400 is configured at the factory with an internal sampling clock frequency that guarantees its minimum nominal record/playback time. For instance, an ISD1420 operating within specification will be observed to always have a minimum of 20 seconds of recording time. The sampling frequency is then maintained to a variation of +2.25 percent over the commercial temperature and operating voltage ranges, while still maintaining the minimum specified recording duration. This will result in some devices having a few percent more than nominal recording time. The Internal clock has a +5 percent tolerance over the industrial temperature and voltage range. A regulated power supply is recommended for industrial temperature parts. If greater precision is required, the device can be clocked through the XCLK pin as follows: EXTERNAL CLOCK SAMPLE RATES Part Number ISD1416 ISD1420 Sample Rate 8.0 kHz 6.4 kHz Required Clock 1024 kHz 819.2 kHz These recommended clock rates should not be varied because the antialiasing and smoothing filters are fixed, and aliasing problems can occur if the sample rate differs from the one recommended. The duty cycle on the input clock is not critical, as the clock is immediately divided by two. If the XCLK is not used, this input must be connected to ground. -8- ISD1400 SERIES PIN NAME REC PIN NO 27 FUNCTION Record Input: The REC input is an active-LOW record signal. The device records whenever REC is LOW. This signal must remain LOW for the duration of the recording. REC takes precedence over either playback ( PLAYE or PLAYL ) signal. If REC is pulled LOW during a playback cycle, the playback immediately ceases and recording begins. A record cycle is completed when REC is pulled HIGH or the memory space is filled. And end-of-message marker (EOM) is internally recorded, enabling a subsequent playback cycle to terminate appropriately. The device automatically powers down to standby mode when REC goes HIGH. Notes: [1] The REC signal is debounced for 50 ms on the rising edge to prevent a false retriggering from a pushbutton switch. [2] During playback, if either PLAYE or PLAYL is held LOW during EOM or OVF, the device will still enter into standby mode and the internal oscillator and timing generator will stop. However, the rising edge of PLAYE and PLAYL are not debounced and any subsequent falling edge (particularly switch bounce) present on the input pins will initiate another playback. Publication Release Date: March 2004 -9- Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 7. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 7.1. DETAILED DESCRIPTION Speech/Sound Quality The Winbond’s ISD1400 series offer 6.4 and 8.0 kHz sampling frequencies, allowing the user a choice of speech quality options. The speech samples are stored directly into on-chip non-volatile memory without the digitization and compression associated with other solutions. Direct analog storage provides a very true, natural sounding reproduction of voice, music, tones, and sound effects not available with most solidstate digital solutions. Duration To meet end system requirements, the ISD1400 series offer single-chip solutions at 16 and 20 seconds. Part Number ISD1416 ISD1420 * 3dB roll-off-point TABLE 1: ISD1400 SERIES SUMMARY Duration (Seconds) Input Sample Rate (kHz) Typical Filter Pass Band* (kHz) 16 8.0 3.3 20 6.4 2.6 EEPROM Storage One of the benefits of Winbond’s ChipCorder® technology is the use of on-chip non-volatile memory, providing zero-power message storage. The message is retained for up to 100 years typically without power. In addition, the device can be re-recorded typically over 100,000 times. Basic Operation The ISD1400 ChipCorder® series are controlled by a single control signal, REC , PLAYE (edge- activated playback) or PLAYL (level-activated playback). The ISD1400 parts are configured for simplicity of design in a single/multiple-message application. Using the address lines will allow multiple message applications. Automatic Power-Down Mode At the end of a playback or record cycle, the ISD1400 series automatically return to a low-power standby mode, consuming typically 0.5 µA. After a playback cycle, the device powers down automatically at the end of the message. After a record cycle, the device powers down immediately after REC is pulled to HIGH. - 10 - ISD1400 SERIES Addressing In addition to providing single message application, the ISD1400 series provide a full addressing capability. The ISD1400 series have 160 distinct addressable segments, providing the below resolutions. See Application Information for ISD1400 address tables. TABLE 2: DEVICE PLAYBACK/RECORD DURATIONS Part Number Minimum Duration (Seconds) ISD1416 100 ms ISD1420 125 ms 7.2. OPERATIONAL MODES The ISD1400 series have several built-in operational modes providing maximum functionality with a minimal additional components. The operational modes use the address pins, but are mapped to outside the normal address range. When the two Most Significant Bits (MSBs), A6 and A7, are HIGH, the remaining address signals are interpreted as mode bits and not as address bits. Therefore, operational modes and direct addressing are not compatible and cannot be used simultaneously. There are two important considerations for using operational modes. Firstly, all operations begin initially at address 0, which is the beginning address. Later operations can begin at other address locations, depending on the operational mode(s) chosen. In addition, the address pointer is reset to 0 when the device is changed from record to playback but not from playback to record when A4 is HIGH in Operational Mode. Secondly, an Operational Mode is executed when any of the control inputs, PLAYE , PLAYL or REC , goes LOW and the two MSBs are HIGH. This Operational Mode remains in effect until the next LOW-going control input signal, at which point the current address/mode levels are sampled and executed. 7.2.1. Operational Modes Description The Operational Modes can be used in conjunction with a microcontroller, or they can be hardwired to provide the desired system operation. A0 – Message Cueing Message Cueing allows the user to skip through messages, without knowing the actual physical addresses of each message. Each LOW pulse causes the internal address pointer to skip to the next message. This mode is used for playback only and typically used with the A4 Operational Mode. - 11 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES A1 – Delete EOM Markers The A1 Operational Mode allows recording messages sequentially and playback as a single message with only one EOM set at the end of the final message. A2 – Unused A3 – Message Looping The A3 Operational Mode allows repeating playback a message continuously from the beginning of the memory. A message can completely fill the ISD1400 device and will loop from beginning to end. Pulsing PLAYE will start the playback and pulsing PLAYL will end the playback. A4 – Consecutive Addressing During normal operation, the address pointer will reset when a message is played through to an EOM marker. The A4 Operational Mode inhibits the address pointer reset, allowing messages to be recorded or played back consecutively. When the device is in a static state; i.e., not recording or playback, momentarily taking this pin LOW will reset the address counter to zero. A5 – Unsued Mode A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 Function TABLE 3: OPERATIONAL MODES Typical Use Jointly Compatible [1] Message cueing Fast-forward through messages A4 Delete EOM markers Position EOM marker at the end of A3, A4 the last message Unused Looping Continuous playback from Address 0 A1 Consecutive addressing Record/playback multiple consecutive A0, A1 messages Unused 1 Additional Operational Modes can be used simultaneously with the given mode. - 12 - ISD1400 SERIES 8. TIMING DIAGRAMS REC RECLED TSET A0-A7 MIC ANA IN TREC TLED1 THOLD TLED2 TREC TSET THOLD TRPUD TRPDD FIGURE 1: RECORD (1) REC PLAYL TPLAY PLAYE A0-A7 TSET THOLD TSET THOLD TSET THOLD SP+/- (2) RECLED TPPUD TPPDD TPPDD TEOM 1. REC must be HIGH for the entire duration of a playback cycle. 2. RECLED funstions as an EOM playback. TPPUD TEOM FIGURE 2: PLAYBACK - 13 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 9. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS2 TABLE 4: ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (PACKAGED PARTS) CONDITIONS VALUES Junction temperature 150ºC Storage temperature range -65ºC to +150ºC Voltage applied to any pin Voltage applied to any pin (Input current limited to ±20 mA) Lead temperature (Soldering – 10sec) (VSS – 0.3V) to (VCC + 0.3V) (VSS – 1.0V) to (VCC + 1.0V) 300ºC VCC – VSS -0.3V to +7.0V TABLE 5: ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (DIE) CONDITIONS VALUES Junction temperature 150ºC Storage temperature range -65ºC to +150ºC Voltage applied to any pad Voltage applied to any pad (Input current limited to ±20mA) Lead Temperature (soldering 10 seconds) (VSS – 0.3V) to (VCC + 0.3V) (VSS – 1.0V) to (VCC + 1.0V) 330º C VCC – VSS -0.3V to +7.0V 2 Stresses above those listed may cause permanent damage to the device. Exposure to the absolute maximum ratings may affect device reliability and performance. Functional operation is not implied at these conditions. - 14 - ISD1400 SERIES 9.1 OPERATING CONDITIONS TABLE 6: OPERATING CONDITIONS (PACKAGED PARTS) CONDITIONS VALUES Commercial operating temperature range (Case temperature) 0ºC to +70ºC Industrial operating temperature (Case temperature) Supply voltage (VCC) [1] Ground voltage (VSS) [2] -40ºC to +85ºC +4.5V to +5.5V 0V TABLE 7: OPERATING CONDITIONS (DIE) CONDITIONS Commercial operating temperature range Supply voltage (VCC) [1] Ground voltage (VSS) [2] VALUES 0ºC to +50ºC +4.5V to +6.5V 0V [1] VCC = VCCA = VCCD [2] VSS = VSSA = VSSD - 15 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 10. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS 10.1. PARAMETERS FOR PACKAGED PARTS PARAMETERS Input Low Voltage Input High Voltage Output Low Voltage Output High Voltage VCC Current (Operating) VCC Current (Standby) Input Leakage Current Input Current HIGH w/Pull Down Output Load Impedance Preamp IN Input Resistance ANA IN Input Resistance Preamp Gain 1 Preamp Gain 2 ANA IN to SP+/- Gain AGC Output Resistance Preamp Out Source Preamp In Sink TABLE 8: DC PARAMETERS SYMBOLS MIN[2] TYP[1] MAX[2] VIL 0.8 VIH 2.4 VOL 0.4 VOH 2.4 ICC 15 30 ISB IIL IILPD 0.5 10 +1 130 UNITS V V V V mA µA µA µA CONDITIONS IOL = 4.0 mA IOH = -1.6 mA VCC = 5.5V[3], REXT = ∞ [3] [4] Force VCC [5] REXT RMIC 16 Ω Speaker Load 4 9 17 KΩ Pins 17, 18 RANA IN APRE1 APRE2 AARP RAGC IPREH IPREL 2.5 3 5 KΩ 20 23 26 dB AGC = 0.0V -45 -15 dB AGC = 2.5V 20 22 25 dB 2.5 5 9.5 KΩ -2 mA @ VOUT = 1.0V 0.5 mA @ VOUT = 2.0V [1] Typical values @ TA = 25º and 5.0V. [2] All Min/Max limits are guaranteed by Winbond via electronical testing or characterization. Not all specifications are 100 percent tested. [3] VCCA and VCCD connected together. [4] REC , PLAYL , and PLAYE must be at VCCD. [5] XCLK pin . - 16 - ISD1400 SERIES CHARACTERISTICS Sampling Frequency ISD1416 ISD1420 Filter Pass Band ISD1416 ISD1420 Record Duration ISD1416 ISD1420 Playback Duration ISD1416 ISD1420 RECLED ON Delay RECLED OFF Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 Address Setup Time Address Hold Time Record Power-Up Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 Record Power-Down Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 Play Power-Up Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 Play Power-Down Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 TABLE 9: AC PARAMETERS SYMBOLS MIN[2] TYP[1] MAX[2] FS 8.0 6.4 FCF TREC TPLAY TLED1 TLED2 3.3 2.6 16 20 16 20 5 30 38.9 95 40 48.6 110 UNITS CONDITIONS kHz [5] kHz [5] kHz 3 dB Roll-Off Point[3][6] kHz 3 dB Roll-Off Point[3][6] sec sec sec [5] sec [5] msec msec msec TSET THOLD TRPUD TRPDD TPPUD TPPDD 300 0 26 32 26 32 26 32 6.5 8.1 nsec nsec msec msec msec msec msec msec msec msec - 17 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES CHARACTERISTICS EOM Pulse Width ISD1416 ISD1420 Total Harmonic Distortion Speaker Output Power Voltage Across Speaker Pins MIC Input Voltage ANA IN Input Voltage SYMBOLS TEOM THD POUT VOUT VIN1 VIN2 MIN[2] TYP[1] 12.5 15.625 1 12.2 1.25 MAX[2] UNITS CONDITIONS msec msec 3 % @ 1 kHz mW REXT = 16 Ω 2.5 V p-p REXT = 600 Ω 20 mV Peak-to-Peak[5] 50 mV Peak-to-Peak Notes: [1] Typical values @ TA = 25º and 5.0V. [2] All Min/Max limits are guaranteed by Winbond via electronical testing or characterization. Not all specifications are 100 percent tested. [3] Low-frequency cutoff depends upon the value of external capacitors (see Pin Descriptions) [4] With 5.1 K Ω series resistor at ANA IN. [5] Sampling Frequency and playback duration can vary as much as +2.25 percent over the commercial temperature and voltage rangs. It may vary as much as +5 percent over the industrial temperature and voltage ranges. All devices will meet the maximum sampling frequency and minimum playback duration parameters. For greater stability, an external clock can be utilized (see Pin Descriptions) [6] Filter specification applies to the anti-aliasing filter and the smoothing filter. Typical Parameter Variation with Voltage and Temperature. This parameter is not checked during production testing and may vary due to process variations and other factors. Therefore, the customer should not rely upon this value for testing purposes. - 18 - Operating Current (mA) ISD1400 SERIES 10.1.1. Typical Parameter Variation with Voltage and Temperature Chart 1: Record Mode Operating Current (ICC) 14 Chart 3: Standby Current (ISB) 0.30 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 -40 25 70 85 Temperature (C) Standby Current (mA) 0.25 0.20 0.15 0.10 0 -40 25 70 85 Temperature (C) 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts Chart 2: Total Harmonic Distortion 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 -40 25 70 85 Temperature (C) 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts Percent Change (%) Chart 4: Oscillator Stability 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 -0.5 -1.0 -1.5 -2.0 -40 25 70 85 Temperature (C) 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts Percent Distortion (%) - 19 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 10.2. PARAMETERS FOR DIE PARAMETERS Input Low Voltage Input High Voltage Output Low Voltage Output High Voltage VCC Current (Operating) VCC Current (Standby) Input Leakage Current Input Current HIGH w/Pull Down Output Load Impedance Preamp IN Input Resistance ANA IN Input Resistance Preamp Gain 1 Preamp Gain 2 ANA IN to SP+/- Gain AGC Output Resistance Preamp Out Source Preamp In Sink TABLE 10: DC PARAMETERS SYMBOLS MIN[2] TYP[1] MAX[2] VIL 0.8 VIH 2.4 VOL 0.4 VOH 2.4 ICC 15 30 ISB IIL IILPD 0.5 10 +1 130 UNITS V V V V mA µA µA µA CONDITIONS IOL = 4.0 mA IOH = -1.6 mA VCC = 5.5V[3], REXT = ∞ [3] [4] Force VCC [5] REXT RMIC 16 Ω Speaker Load 4 9 17 KΩ Pads 17,18 RANA IN APRE1 APRE2 AARP RAGC IPREH IPREL 2.5 3 5 KΩ 20 23 26 dB AGC = 0.0V -45 -15 dB AGC = 2.5V 20 22 25 dB 2.5 5 9.5 KΩ -2 mA @ VOUT = 1.0V 0.5 mA @ VOUT = 2.0V [1] Typical values @ TA = 25º and 5.0V. [2] All Min/Max limits are guaranteed by Winbond via electronical testing or characterization. Not all specifications are 100 percent tested. [3] VCCA and VCCD connected together. [4] REC , PLAYL , and PLAYE must be at VCCD. [5] XCLK pin. - 20 - ISD1400 SERIES CHARACTERISTICS Sampling Frequency ISD1416 ISD1420 Filter Pass Band ISD1416 ISD1420 Record Duration ISD1416 ISD1420 Playback Duration ISD1416 ISD1420 RECLED ON Delay RECLED OFF Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 Address Setup Time Address Hold Time Power-Up Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 PD Pulse Width (Record) ISD1416 ISD1420 PD Pulse Width (Play) ISD1416 ISD1420 Play Power-Down Delay ISD1416 ISD1420 TABLE 11: AC PARAMETERS SYMBOLS MIN[2] TYP[1] MAX[2] FS 8.0 6.4 FCF 3.3 2.6 TREC 16 20 TPLAY 16 20 TLED1 5 TLED2 30 38.9 95 40 48.6 110 UNITS CONDITIONS kHz [5] kHz [5] kHz 3 dB Roll-Off Point[3][6] kHz 3 dB Roll-Off Point[3][6] sec sec sec sec msec msec msec TSET THOLD TRPUD TRPUD TPPUD TPPDD 300 0 26 32 26 32 6.5 8.1 6.5 8.1 nsec nsec msec msec msec msec msec msec msec msec - 21 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES CHARACTERISTICS EOM Pulse Width ISD1416 ISD1420 Total Harmonic Distortion Speaker Output Power Voltage Across Speaker Pins MIC Input Voltage ANA IN Input Voltage SYMBOLS TEOM THD POUT VOUT VIN1 VIN2 MIN[2] TYP[1] 12.5 15.625 1 12.2 1.25 MAX[2] 3 2.5 20 50 UNITS CONDITIONS msec msec % mW V p-p mV mV @ 1 kHz REXT = 16 Ω[4] REXT = 600 Ω Peak-to-Peak[4] Peak-to-Peak Notes: [1] Typical values @ TA = 25º and 5.0V. [2] All Min/Max limits are guaranteed by Winbond via electronical testing or characterization. Not all specifications are 100 percent tested. [3] Low-frequency cutoff depends upon the value of external capacitors (see Pin Descriptions) [4] With 5.1 K Ω series resistor at ANA IN. [5] Sampling Frequency and playback duration can vary as much as +2.25 percent over the commercial temperature and voltage rangs. It may vary as much as +5 percent over the industrial temperature and voltage ranges. All devices will meet the maximum sampling frequency and minimum playback duration parameters. For greater stability, an external clock can be utilized (see Pin Descriptions) [6] Filter specification applies to the anti-aliasing filter and the smoothing filter. Typical Parameter Variation with Voltage and Temperature. This parameter is not checked during production testing and may vary due to process variations and other factors. Therefore, the customer should not rely upon this value for testing purposes. - 22 - Operating Current (mA) ISD1400 SERIES 10.2.1. Typical Parameter Variation with Voltage and Temperature Chart 5: Record Mode Operating Current (ICC) 15 Chart 7: Standby Current (ISB) 0.35 0.30 Standby Current (mA) 10 0.25 0.20 5 0.15 0.10 0 0 25 50 Temperature (C) 0 0 25 50 Temperature (C) 6.5 Volts 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts 6.5 Volts 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts Chart 6: Total Harmonic Distortion 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 0 25 50 Temperature (C) 6.5 Volts 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts Percent Change (%) Chart 8: Oscillator Stability 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 -0.5 -1.0 -1.5 0 25 50 Temperature (C) 6.5 Volts 5.5 Volts 4.5 Volts Percent Distortion (%) - 23 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 11. TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUIT D1 REC LED S1 PLAYL S2 PLAYE S3 RECORD C7 0.001 µ F R6 R7 R8 100 KΩ 100 KΩ 100 KΩ R9 1 KΩ VCC 1 A0 2 A1 3 A2 4 A3 VCCD 28 VCCA 16 VSSD 12 VSSA 13 5 A4 6 A5 SP+ 14 SP- 15 9 A6 ANA IN 20 ISD1400 10 A7 23 PLAYL ANA OUT 21 24 PLAYE 27 REC MIC REF 18 MIC 17 25 RECLED AGC 19 26 XCLK R5 470 KΩ C2 0.1 µ F R2 5.1 K Ω C3 0.1 µ F C4 0.1 µ F R3 10 KΩ C6 4.7 µ F C5 0.1 µ F R1 1KΩ 16 Ω SPEAKER C1 220 µ F ELECTRET MICROPHONE R4 10 KΩ FIGURE 5: DESIGN SCHEMATIC - 24 - ISD1400 SERIES Functional Description Example The following operating examples demonstrate the functionality of the ISD1400 series. 1. Record a message: Pulling the REC signal LOW initiates a record cycle from current location. When REC is held LOW, the recording continues. Until the memory array is filled up or when REC is pulled HIGH, recording ceases. An EOM marker is written at the end of message. Then the device will automatically power down. 2. Edge-activated playback: Pulling the PLAYE signal LOW initiates a playback cycle from the beginning of the message until the entire message is played. The rising edge of PLAYE has no effect on operation. When the EOM marker is encountered, the device automatically powers down. A subsequent falling edge on PLAYE initiates a new playback operation from the beginning of the message. 3. Level-activated playback: Holding the PLAYL signal LOW initiates a playback cycle from the beginning of the message, until PLAYL is pulled HIGH or when the EOM marker is encountered, playback operation stops and the device automatically powers down. 4. Record (interrupting playback). The REC signal takes precedence over playback operation. Holding REC LOW initiates a new record operation from current location, regardless of any current operation in progress. 5. RECLED operation. During record, the RECLED output pin provides an active-LOW signal, which can be used to drive an LED as a “record-in-progress” indicator. It returns to a HIGH state when the REC pin is pulled HIGH or when the recording is completed due to the memory being filled. However, during playback, this pin also pulses LOW to indicate an EOM at the end of a message. - 25 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES Applications Note Some users may experience an unexpected recording taking place when their circuit is powered up, or the batteries are changed and VCC rises faster than REC . This undesired recording prevents playback of the previously recorded message. A spurious End Of Message (EOM) marker appears at the very beginning of the memory, preventing access to the original message, and nothing is played. To prevent this occurrence, place a capacitor (approx. 0.001 µF) between the control pin ( REC ) and VCC. This pulls the control pin voltage up with VCC as it rises. Once the voltage is HIGH, the pull-up device will keep the pin HIGH until intentionally pulled LOW, preventing the false EOM marker. Since this anomaly depends on factors such as the capacitance of the user’s printed circuit board, not all circuit designs will exhibit the spurious marker. However, it is recommended that the capacitor is included for design reliability. A more detailed explanation and resolution of this occurrence is described in Application Information. - 26 - ISD1400 SERIES 12. PACKAGE DRAWING AND DIMENSIONS 12.1. 28-LEAD 300 MIL PLASTIC SMALL OUTLINE IC (SOIC) 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 A D E B F G C H INCHES Min Nom Max A 0.701 0.706 0.711 B 0.097 0.101 0.104 C 0.292 0.296 0.299 D 0.005 0.009 0.0115 E 0.014 0.016 0.019 F 0.050 G 0.400 0.406 0.410 H 0.024 0.032 0.040 Note: Lead coplanarity to be within 0.004 inches. MILLIMETERS Min Nom Max 17.81 17.93 18.06 2.46 2.56 2.64 7.42 7.52 7.59 0.127 0.22 0.29 0.35 0.41 0.48 1.27 10.16 10.31 10.41 0.61 0.81 1.02 - 27 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 12.2. 28-LEAD 600 MIL PLASTIC DUAL INLINE PACKAGE (PDIP) INCHES Min Nom Max A 1.445 1.450 1.455 B1 0.150 B2 0.065 0.070 0.075 C1 0.600 0.625 C2 0.530 0.540 0.550 D 0.19 D1 0.015 E 0.125 0.135 F 0.015 0.018 0.022 G 0.055 0.060 0.065 H 0.100 J 0.008 0.010 0.012 S 0.070 0.075 0.080 q 0° 15° MILLIMETERS Min Nom Max 36.70 36.83 36.96 3.81 1.65 1.78 1.91 15.24 15.88 13.46 13.72 13.97 4.83 0.38 3.18 3.43 0.38 0.46 0.56 1.40 1.52 1.62 2.54 0.20 0.25 0.30 1.78 1.91 2.03 0° 15° - 28 - ISD1400 SERIES 12.3. DIE PHYSICAL LAYOUT [1] ISD1400x o Die Dimensions X: 172.2 ± 1 mils Y: 168.5 ± 1 mils o Die Thickness[2] 17.5 ± 1 mils o Pad Opening 100 x 112 microns 3.9 x 4.4 mils A3 A1 A2 A0 VCCD XCLK REC RECLED A4 PLAYE A5 PLAYL ISD1400X A6 A7 NC VSSD ANA OUT ANA IN VSSA SP- MIC AGC SP+ VCCA MIC REF Notes: [1] The backside of die is internally connected to VSS. It MUST NOT be connected to any other potential or damage may occur. [2] Die thickness is subject to change, please contact Winbond factory for status and availability. - 29 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES ISD1400 SERIES PAD DESIGNATIONS (with respect to die center) Pad A0 A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 NC VSSD VSSA SP+ SPVCCA MIC MIC REF AGC ANA IN ANA OUT PLAYL PLAYE RECLED XCLK REC VCCD Pad Name Address 0 Address 1 Address 2 Address 3 Address 4 Address 5 Address 6 Address 7 No Connect Digital Ground Analog Ground Speaker Output + Speaker Output Analog Power Supply Microphone Input Microphone Reference Automatic Gain Control Analog Input Analog Output Level-Activated Playback Edge-Activated Playback Record LED Output External Clock Record Digital Power Supply X Axis (µm) -1332.5 -1628.9 -1808.9 -2014.1 -2014.1 -2014.1 -2014.1 -2014.1 -2014.1 -1894.1 -358.1 -17.7 411.9 779.5 991.5 1168.7 1977.9 2005.1 1990.7 2013.9 2013.9 2011.9 1580.7 752.3 -48.5 Y Axis (µm) 1973.8 1973.8 1973.8 1910.2 1722.6 1519.8 -1214.6 -1399.8 -1745.4 -1971.8 -1971.8 -1896.6 -1896.6 -1936.2 -1973.8 -1973.8 -1910.6 -1580.2 -1379.0 1608.6 1777.0 1971.8 1973.8 1973.8 1929.4 Note: Die dimensions and pad positions may be subjected to change. Please contact Winbond Sales Offices or Representatives to verify current or future specifications. - 30 - ISD1400 SERIES 13. ORDERING INFORMATION Product Number Descriptor Key ISD14 ISD1400 Series Duration: 16 = 16 seconds 20 = 20 seconds Special Temperature Field: Blank = Commercial Packaged (0˚C to +70˚) or Commercial Die (0˚C to +50˚) I = Industrial (-40˚C to +85˚) Package Type: X = Die P = 28-Lead 600 mil Plastic Dual Inline Package (PDIP) S = 28-Lead 300 mil Small Outline Package (SOIC) When ordering ISD1400 Series devices, please refer to the following valid part numbers. Die / Package 16-Second Product P/N Ordering P/N Die ISD1416X C5006 I1416X5006 PDIP ISD1416P C5006 I1416P5006 ISD1416PI C5006 I1416PI5006 SOIC ISD1416S C5006 I1416S5006 ISD1416SI C5006 I1416SI5006 20-Second Product P/N Ordering P/N ISD1416X C5006 I1420X5006 ISD1416P C5006 I1420P5006 ISD1416PI C5006 I1420PI5006 ISD1416S C5006 I1420S5006 ISD1416SI C5006 I1420SI5006 For the latest product information, access Winbond’s worldwide website at http://www.winbond-usa.com - 31 - Publication Release Date: March 2004 Revision 1.0 ISD1400 SERIES 14. VERSION HISTORY VERSION DATE 0 Before 2004 Initial issue. DESCRIPTION 1.0 March 2004 Reformat the document. Revise footnote for Filter Passband in Tables 1, 9 & 11. Revise Functional Description Example section. Revise die picture. Revise ordering information. - 32 - ISD1400 SERIES The contents of this document are provided only as a guide for the applications of Winbond products. Winbond makes no representation or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this publication and reserves the right to discontinue or make changes to specifications and product descriptions at any time without notice. No license, whether express or implied, to any intellectual property or other right of Winbond or others is granted by this publication. Except as set forth in Winbond's Standard Terms and Conditions of Sale, Winbond assumes no liability whatsoever and disclaims any express or implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or infringement of any Intellectual property. Winbond products are not designed, intended, authorized or warranted for use as components in systems or equipments intended for surgical implantation, atomic energy control instruments, airplane or spaceship instruments, transportation instruments, traffic signal instruments, combustion control instruments, or for other applications intended to support or sustain life. Further more, Winbond products are not intended for applications wherein failure of Winbond products could result or lead to a situation wherein personal injury, death or severe property or environmental injury could occur. Application examples and alternative uses of any integrated circuit contained in this publication are for illustration only and Winbond makes no representation or warranty that such applications shall be suitable for the use specified. ISD® and ChipCorder® are trademarks of Winbond Electronics Corporation. SuperFlash® is the trademark of Silicon Storage Technology, Inc. The 100-year retention and 100K record cycle projections are based upon accelerated reliability tests, as published in the Winbond Reliability Report, and are neither warranted nor guaranteed by Winbond. Information contained in this ISD® ChipCorder® data sheet supersedes all data for the ISD ChipCorder products published by ISD® prior to August, 1998. This data sheet and any future addendum to this data sheet is(are) the complete and controlling ISD® ChipCorder® product specifications. In the event any inconsistencies exist between the information in this and other product documentation, or in the event that other product documentation contains information in addition to the information in this, the information contained herein supersedes and governs such other information in its entirety. Copyright© 2003, Winbond Electronics Corporation. All rights reserved. ISD® is a registered trademark of Winbond. ChipCorder® is a trademark of Winbond. All other trademarks are properties of their respective owners. Headquarters No. 4, Creation Rd. III Science-Based Industrial Park, Hsinchu, Taiwan TEL: 886-3-5770066 FAX: 886-3-5665577 http://www.winbond.com.tw/ Winbond Electronics Corporation America 2727 North First Street, San Jose, CA 95134, U.S.A. TEL: 1-408-9436666 FAX: 1-408-5441797 http://www.winbond-usa.com/ Winbond Electronics (Shanghai) Ltd. 27F, 299 Yan An W. Rd. Shanghai, 200336 China TEL: 86-21-62365999 FAX: 86-21-62356998 Taipei Office 9F, No. 480, Pueiguang Rd. Neihu District Taipei, 114 Taiwan TEL: 886-2-81777168 FAX: 886-2-87153579 Winbond Electronics Corporation Japan 7F Daini-ueno BLDG. 3-7-18 Shinyokohama Kohokuku, Yokohama, 222-0033 TEL: 81-45-4781881 FAX: 81-45-4781800 Winbond Electronics (H.K.) Ltd. Unit 9-15, 22F, Millennium City, No. 378 Kwun Tong Rd., Kowloon, Hong Kong TEL: 852-27513100 FAX: 852-27552064 Please note that all data and specifications are subject to change without notice. All the trademarks of products and companies mentioned in this datasheet belong to their respective owners. This product incorporates SuperFlash® technology licensed From SST. Publication Release Date: March 2004 - 33 - Revision 1.0 This datasheet has been downloaded from: www.DatasheetCatalog.com Datasheets for electronic components.

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