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通用EMC标准GMW3097_2015

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标签: GMW

GMW

EMC

电磁兼容性EMC(Electro Magnetic Compatibility),是指设备或系统在其电磁环境中符合要求运行并不对其环境中的任何设备产生无法忍受的电磁干扰的能力。因此,EMC包括两个方面的要求:一方面是指设备在正常运行过程中对所在环境产生的电磁干扰不能超过一定的限值;另一方面是指器具对所在环境中存在的电磁干扰具有一定程度的抗扰度,即电磁敏感性。

GMW3097

电磁兼容性EMC(Electro Magnetic Compatibility),是指设备或系统在其电磁环境中符合要求运行并不对其环境中的任何设备产生无法忍受的电磁干扰的能力。因此,EMC包括两个方面的要求:一方面是指设备在正常运行过程中对所在环境产生的电磁干扰不能超过一定的限值;另一方面是指器具对所在环境中存在的电磁干扰具有一定程度的抗扰度,即电磁敏感性。

通用EMC标准GMW3097_2015

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Template For ENG STDS WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS General Specification GMW3097 General Specification for ElectricalElectronic Components and Subsystems Electromagnetic Compatibility 1 Introduction Note Nothing in this standard supercedes applicable laws and regulations Note In the event of conflict between the English and domestic language the English language shall take precedence 11 Purpose This document is one out of a series of three global ......

Template For ENG STDS WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS General Specification GMW3097 General Specification for Electrical/Electronic Components and Subsystems, Electromagnetic Compatibility 1 Introduction Note: Nothing in this standard supercedes applicable laws and regulations. Note: In the event of conflict between the English and domestic language, the English language shall take precedence. 1.1 Purpose. This document is one out of a series of three global Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) standards documents that specify EMC test and validation requirements. The complete series consists of the following documents:  GMW3091, GMW3097, GMW3103. Additionally, there is a version of the GMW3103 Test Plan that can be edited and is available from the GM EMC engineer upon request. 1.2 Applicability. This document applies to the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) of electrical/electronic components and subsystems for passenger vehicles and light duty trucks. 1.3 Remarks. This document specifies the EMC requirements for all automotive products when evaluated in accordance with the test procedures contained within this document. It refers to International EMC Standards whenever possible, but also describes internal test procedures if necessary. 2 References Note: Only the latest approved standards are applicable unless otherwise specified. 2.1 External Standards/Specifications. ECE Regulation 10 FCC Part 15 GB/T 18387-2008 IEC 61000-4-21 IEC CISPR 16-1-1 IEC CISPR 16-1-4 IEC CISPR 25 ISO 7637-1 ISO 7637-2 ISO 7637-3 2.2 GM Standards/Specifications. GMW3059 GMW3091 GMW3103 GMW3172 2.3 Additional References.  Component Technical Specification (CTS). ISO 10605 ISO 11452-1 ISO 11452-2 ISO 11452-4 ISO 11452-8 GMW14241 ISO 11452-9 ISO 16750-2 ISO 17025 SAE J1772 SAE/USCAR-28  General Motors EMC and Environmental Database (CEMENT). 3 Requirements Note: The component/subsystem shall pass both the component/subsystem level EMC validation test(s) as specified by this GMW3097 standard (when tested according to the approved test plan per GMW3103, as well as the vehicle-level EMC validation (according to GMW3091)). In the event that the component/subsystem passes the June 2015 © Copyright 2015 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved Page 1 of 65 GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS Template For ENG STDS GMW3097 component/subsystem level EMC test(s) but does not pass the vehicle level EMC test(s), the vehicle level test results shall be the determining factor for validation test pass/fail status. Validation results (Design Validation (DV) and Product Validation (PV)) must be obtained only from test sites within a laboratory for specific test procedures that have been recognized through the GM EMC lab recognition process. The GM process requires the following: a. Supplier and third party commercial test labs required to have ISO 17025 accreditation that is obtained from an accreditation body approved by GM. This is generally an accreditation body that has a mutual recognition arrangement (MRA) through the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC). b. The scope of accreditation must contain at least the base specifications that apply to General Motors Worldwide (GMW) EMC test procedures. The base specifications are listed in Table 1. c. Proficiency test requirements still required, where applicable. This requires testing a defined artifact and comparing results against results obtained at reference laboratory(ies). Table 1: GM List of Base Specifications (for ISO 17025 Certification) Procedure Name Base Specification Radiated Emissions Anechoic Bulk Current Injection Radiated Immunity Anechoic Radiated Immunity Portable Transmitters Radiated Immunity Reverb Transient Immunity Electrostatic Discharge IEC CISPR 25 ISO 11452-4 ISO 11452-2 ISO 11452-9 IEC 61000-4-21 ISO 7637-2 and ISO 7637-3; ISO 16750-2 ISO 10605 For more information on the GM EMC laboratory recognition requirements, as well as a listing of those laboratories recognized by GM, contact the GM EMC engineer. Suppliers shall utilize the General Motors EMC and Environmental Database (CEMENT), available via GM Supply Power. The suppliers shall adhere to the following: a. Register with the EMC database through GM Supply Power and take the appropriate training within four (4) weeks following sourcing. b. Register all components (e.g., each individual part number released for production) associated with the DV EMC testing into the database within four (4) weeks following sourcing. c. Submit (i.e., upload) initial EMC Test Plan for approval by the GM EMC engineer within 12 weeks following sourcing, but no less than 60 days prior to the start of any DV/PV EMC testing. This allows sufficient time for expected revisions, etc. Any/all subsequent revisions to the same level plan (e.g., DV1, DV2, etc., up to the nth PV plan (PVn)) shall be uploaded to CEMENT, replacing the previous version. However, the test plan development timing must be such that a final test plan submittal occurs at least ten (10) business days prior to the start of any testing, allowing sufficient time for the GM EMC engineer to review and approve the document. d. Submit (i.e., upload to CEMENT), for each required procedure, a report which contains all data, photos, summary, etc., within 30 days of completion of the specific testing for that procedure. Unless otherwise agreed to by the GM responsible engineer, all of these reports must be submitted at least ten (10) business days prior to the data approval date (as determined by the GM responsible engineer and/or GM responsible validation engineer for the specific component). This allows sufficient time for the GM EMC engineer to review and approve the datasets. Note: A base EMC Test Plan is available from the GM EMC engineer. © Copyright 2015 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved June 2015 Page 2 of 65 GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS Template For ENG STDS GMW3097 Note: In addition to the procedure report(s) per item “d” in preceding list, the supplier shall also submit a brief summary of any/all DV/PV data associated with any test under an approved EMC test plan within five (5) working days of completion of that testing. This submission shall be via email to both the GM Design Responsible Engineer (DRE)/Designing Engineer (DE) and the GM EMC engineer. (Presently, the CEMENT application cannot be used to submit partial summaries.) Note: The timing requirements specified here supplement, but do not supercede or replace Analysis Development Validation (ADV) program timing requirements specified in other GM documents and engineering standards such as GMW3172. Note: DV testing must be successfully completed prior to the Integration Vehicle Engineering Release - Material Required Date (IVER MRD), unless otherwise specified by the individual Component Technical Specification (CTS). Figure 1 is shown as a summary example of the expected timing milestone. Figure 1: CEMENT Database Timing Milestones June 2015 Page 3 of 65 © Copyright 2015 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS Template For ENG STDS GMW3097 3.1 Product Characteristics. 3.1.1 Sample Size. A minimum of two (2) samples shall be tested. The actual number of samples must be defined together with the GM EMC engineer. All samples must comply with the requirements of this document for all validation items as defined in the EMC test plan. If more than two (2) samples are tested, all results shall be reported and all results must comply. 3.1.2 Power Supply. As an exception to the international standards, the supply voltage shall be 13.5 V +0.5/-1.0 V, unless otherwise stated in the test plan. 3.2 Performance Requirements. As stated previously, the Device Under Test (DUT) shall pass both the component level tests according to this specification and the vehicle level tests according to GMW3091. Component tests are not intended to take the place of vehicle tests. Exact correlation between component and vehicle test performance is dependent on component mounting location, harness length, routing and grounding, as well as antenna system. Component testing, however, permits components to be evaluated prior to actual vehicle availability. Prior to testing, any deviations from the requirements and/or test procedures shall have been agreed upon with the GM EMC engineer responsible for approving the test plan. Such deviations shall be detailed in the approved test plan and on component drawings, test certificates, reports, etc. Table 2 is supplied as a guide for the selection of the minimum tests applicable to electrical/electronic components and subsystems. The result of following this table may not be all inclusive. The final list of required tests is to be determined by the EMC Engineer during the GMW3103 process. Note: All EMC test results that are intended for validation purposes must be accompanied by an approved test plan (complete with an approval number (supplied by the GM EMC engineer) and a Test Plan Number (by the automated CEMENT database process)). Note: Any EMC development test results that are provided to GM (e.g., test results that have been taken before the EMC test plan approval, or results of limited testing due to root cause analysis or Pre-DV evaluation work) must be clearly marked “Development Data – Not For Validation”. Note: Pyrotechnic devices containing igniters, such as airbag initiators, seat-belt pretensioners, etc., are exempt from the EMC requirements as detailed in this specification. They are subject to the EMC requirements as detailed in SAE/USCAR-28. Note: For those devices, such as the On-Board Charging Module (OBCM) or off-board chargers, which are directly connected to the Alternating Current (AC) or Direct Current (DC) power mains while charging an electric/hybrid vehicle, additional and unique EMC requirements shall be imposed in order that the vehicle is compliant with the newer release of ECE Regulation 10 pertaining to plug-in vehicles. Some of these requirements are similar to those found in SAE J1772 pertaining to electric and hybrid conductive charge couplers. These additional requirements shall be captured in the specific CTS for those devices and are outside the scope of this document at this time. In this document, electronic modules, electric motors and inductive devices are classified into categories that determine the appropriate test requirements. This category shall be documented in the test plan. For all tests the more stringent requirement applies at frequency breakpoints and overlaps. Additionally, Table 3 contains specific EMC design requirements for some categories of devices which shall be validated by inspection (e.g., no testing required). Compliance to these requirements shall be documented in the test report. June 2015 Page 4 of 65 © Copyright 2015 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved GM WORLDWIDE ENGINEERING STANDARDS Template For ENG STDS GMW3097 Table 2: EMC Test Selection Matrix Note 1 Test Section Numbers Electronic Module Categories Note 16 Others Electronic Components Motors D R A AS AM AX AW BM EM RF Emissions 3.3 RF Immunity 3.4 Transients 3.5 ALSE RF_CE (via AN) Note 2 Magnetic Fields (PEPS LF) Note 4 ALSE, Low Frequency E- and H-Field (China EV or Hybrid EV applications only) Note 6 Bulk Current Injection Anechoic Chamber Reverb, Mode Tuning Near-Field, Portable Transmitters Note 7 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.3 3.4.4 Magnetic Fields 3.4.5 Conducted Emissions CI, Nominal 12 V Lines CI, Coupling (CCC or DCC) to I/O (excludes nominal 12 V lines) CI, Coupling (DCC/CCC) – Sensors Only CI, Coupling (DCC on I/O and regulated supply lines, 85 V) CI, Alternator Direct Capacitor Coupling 3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4 3.5.5 3.5.6 Powered-On Mode 3.6.1 X Note 8 Note 9 X X Note 13 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Note 10 X X X Note 11 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Note 14 X X X X X X Note 3 X Note 5 X X X X X X Note 12 X X X X X ESD 3.6 Remote I/O 3.6.2 X Note 15 X X Handling of Devices 3.6.3 X X Note 1: Table 2 is supplied as a guide for the selection of the minimum tests applicable to electrical/electronic components and subsystems. The result of following this selection matrix may not be all inclusive. The final list of required tests is to be determined by the EMC Engineer during the GMW3103 process. Note 2: The Radio Frequency Conducted Emissions (RF_CE), Artificial Network (AN) requirement applies to battery (B+) or switched battery (IGN, ACCY, etc.) circuits of a DUT, as well as any unregulated power feeds to any DUT from another module (such a source body controller High-Side Drive output power transistor power circuits, etc.) This metric is not intended for regulated power feeds to a DUT (such as a 5 V feed from a controller to a sensor, etc.) unless otherwise specified in the test plan by the GM EMC engineer. Note 3: Momentary occupant-actuated motors/actuators such as door lock and trunk actuators (e.g., typically less than 1 s), as well as engine starter motors, are exempt from radiated emissions and conducted emissions (via artificial network) requirements. Note 4: This requirement applies only to those modules or components which are located in the passenger compartment and that can be placed in the close proximity to cup holders, storage compartments, the glove box, etc., where key fobs for the passive entry passive start (PEPS) system may be placed by the driver. Additionally, this requirement applies only to those devices which do not utilize a full metallic enclosure. This requirement would not be applicable to, for instance, engine controllers, transmissions controllers, fuel pump control modules, etc. Note 5: This requirement applies only to pulse width modulated (PWM) DC brush-commutated motors. June 2015 © Copyright 2015 General Motors Company All Rights Reserved Page 5 of 65
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评论

jacob116
It's useful and helps with tests. Thanks a lot
2020-09-17 12:22:54回复
rao2019
实用,谢谢楼主分享!
2020-05-20 17:36:36回复
lpxv
文档真实可靠,还可以复制文字,不是影印版,太棒啦。
2020-04-16 17:09:20回复
FY飞月
紧急需要,非常有用,感谢楼主
2020-03-03 17:43:09回复
daniel_xu
非常有用,感谢楼主分享
2020-01-03 09:39:29回复
rlambo
thanks for sharing
2019-11-11 10:21:25回复
kunchris
可以哦,谢谢楼主了
2019-10-29 09:34:27回复
紫箫心柔
有没有中文版的?谢谢楼主分享
2019-09-10 15:11:54回复
新能源汽车人
暂时没有找到最新版的,这个先拿来学习一把,谢谢楼主分享
2019-08-31 21:51:18回复
cdming
谢谢,可惜看错了,不是我要找的文件。
2019-08-02 22:03:11回复
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